U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

Details

Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Molecular Formula Zn
Molecular Weight 65.409
Optical Activity NONE
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 2

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of ZINC CATION

SMILES

[Zn++]

InChI

InChIKey=PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI=1S/Zn/q+2

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula Zn
Molecular Weight 65.409
Charge 2
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Zinc monocarbonate (Zinc Carbonate) is an inorganic salt. In the United States, Zinc Carbonate may be used as an active ingredient in OTC drug products. When used as an active drug ingredient, the established name is Zinc Carbonate. Zinc monocarbonate is generally recognized as safe by FDA. It is used as skin protectant active ingredient. Zinc carbonate was found to retard the degradation of some poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLG) microspheres in vivo and in vitro. Adding Zinc Carbonate is essential during the preparation of PLGA microspheres. It can remarkably improve the stability of drugs in the acid microenvironment inside PLGA microspheres.

CNS Activity

Curator's Comment: Spatial memory deficits in a mouse model of late-onset Alzheimer's disease were caused by Zinc Carbonate supplementation. Long-term dietary administration of zinc ( Zinc Carbonate) can lead to impairments in cognitive function in rats. Microprobe synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (microSXRF) confirmed that brain zinc levels were increased by adding Zinc Carbonate to the drinking water.

Originator

Curator's Comment: Protherics that initially developed Voraxaze was acquired by BTG International in 2008. After the acquisition BTG International completed the development of Voraxaze and submitted the product for US approval.

Approval Year

TargetsConditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Preventing
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
CORTROPHIN-ZINC

Approved Use

Treatment of ulcerative colitis and other colonic disorders.

Launch Date

-4.55328006E11
Primary
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Secondary
VORAXAZE

Approved Use

Indicated for the treatment of toxic plasma methotrexate concentrations (>1 micromole per liter) in patients with delayed methotrexate clearance due to impaired renal function. Limitation of use: VORAXAZE is not indicated for use in patients who exhibit the expected clearance of methotrexate (plasma methotrexate concentrations within 2 standard deviations of the mean methotrexate excretion curve specific for the dose of methotrexate administered) or those with normal or mildly impaired renal function because of the potential risk of subtherapeutic exposure to methotrexate.

Launch Date

1.32675836E12
Primary
VUSION

Approved Use

INDICATIONS AND USAGE VUSION Ointment is indicated for the adjunctive treatment of diaper dermatitis only when complicated by documented candidiasis (microscopic evidence of pseudohyphae and/or budding yeast), in immunocompetent pediatric patients 4 weeks and older. A positive fungal culture for Candida albicans is not adequate evidence of candidal infection since colonization with C. albicans can result in a positive culture. The presence of candidal infection should be established by microscopic evaluation prior to initiating treatment. VUSION Ointment should be used as part of a treatment regimen that includes measures directed at the underlying diaper dermatitis, including gentle cleansing of the diaper area and frequent diaper changes.

Launch Date

1.140048E12
Primary
ZINC OXIDE

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
ZINC SULFATE

Approved Use

Unknown

Launch Date

5.47171205E11
Primary
ZINC SULFATE

Approved Use

Unknown

Launch Date

5.47171205E11
Primary
ZINC SULFATE

Approved Use

Unknown

Launch Date

5.47171205E11
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Zinc inhibition of renin and the protease from human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
1991 Sep 10
New applications for the zinc iodide-osmium tetroxide technique.
1994 Feb
Iron chelators as therapeutic agents against Pneumocystis carinii.
1994 May
Cupric ion blocks NF kappa B activation through inhibiting the signal-induced phosphorylation of I kappa B alpha.
1995 Nov 13
Thujaplicin-copper chelates inhibit replication of human influenza viruses.
1998 Aug
Bioavailability, biodistribution, and toxicity of BioZn-AAS(1): a new zinc source. comparative studies in rats.
2000 Sep
Comparison of the levels of copper, zinc and iron in cervical mucus and in blood serum of women of childbearing age.
2004
Thermotoga maritima-Escherichia coli chimeric topoisomerases. Answers about involvement of the carboxyl-terminal domain in DNA topoisomerase I-mediated catalysis.
2004 Jul 16
Lysine beta311 of protein geranylgeranyltransferase type I partially replaces magnesium.
2004 Jul 16
Inhibition by copper(II) binding of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) interaction with its receptor Met and blockade of HGF/Met function.
2004 Jul 30
Impact of the mother's zinc deficiency on the woman's and newborn's health status.
2005
Erythrocyte zinc content in critically ill patients.
2005
Low dietary zinc decreases erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase activities and impairs cardiorespiratory function in men during exercise.
2005 May
Increased plasma levels of zinc in obese adult females on a weight-loss program based on a hypocaloric balanced diet.
2005 Nov-Dec
Effect of end-stage renal disease and diabetes on zinc and copper status.
2006 Jul
Elevated cortical zinc in Alzheimer disease.
2006 Jul 11
Seminal plasma zinc concentration and alpha-glucosidase activity with respect to semen quality.
2006 May
Zinc homeostasis in aging: two elusive faces of the same "metal".
2006 Summer
Assessing toxicity of fine and nanoparticles: comparing in vitro measurements to in vivo pulmonary toxicity profiles.
2007 May
In vivo uptake and acute immune response to orally administered chitosan and PEG coated PLGA nanoparticles.
2010 Dec 1
Oxidative stress, calcium homeostasis, and altered gene expression in human lung epithelial cells exposed to ZnO nanoparticles.
2010 Feb
Phosphorylation of p65 is required for zinc oxide nanoparticle-induced interleukin 8 expression in human bronchial epithelial cells.
2010 Jul
Quantum dots trigger immunomodulation of the NFκB pathway in human skin cells.
2011 Jul
Titanium oxide shell coatings decrease the cytotoxicity of ZnO nanoparticles.
2011 Mar 21
Responses of human cells to ZnO nanoparticles: a gene transcription study.
2011 Nov
Safety evaluation of sunscreen formulations containing titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticles in UVB sunburned skin: an in vitro and in vivo study.
2011 Sep
Zinc oxide nanoparticles interfere with zinc ion homeostasis to cause cytotoxicity.
2012 Feb
Association of zinc ion release and oxidative stress induced by intratracheal instillation of ZnO nanoparticles to rat lung.
2012 Jun 25
Zinc oxide nanoparticles-induced intercellular adhesion molecule 1 expression requires Rac1/Cdc42, mixed lineage kinase 3, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation in endothelial cells.
2012 Mar
Molecular cloning, characterization of copper/zinc superoxide dismutase and expression analysis of stress-responsive genes from Eisenia fetida against dietary zinc oxide.
2012 Mar
Distinct immunomodulatory effects of a panel of nanomaterials in human dermal fibroblasts.
2012 May 5
Zinc oxide nanoparticles inhibit Ca2+-ATPase expression in human lens epithelial cells under UVB irradiation.
2013 Dec
Sensitivity of human dental pulp cells to eighteen chemical agents used for endodontic treatments in dentistry.
2013 Jan
TiO2, CeO2 and ZnO nanoparticles and modulation of the degranulation process in human neutrophils.
2013 Jul 31
Reactive oxygen species-induced cytotoxic effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles in rat retinal ganglion cells.
2013 Mar
Inorganic salts in atmospheric particulate matter: Raman spectroscopy as an analytical tool.
2013 Nov
Cytotoxicity in the age of nano: the role of fourth period transition metal oxide nanoparticle physicochemical properties.
2013 Nov 25
Involvement of MyD88 in zinc oxide nanoparticle-induced lung inflammation.
2013 Sep
Nanosized zinc oxide particles do not promote DHPN-induced lung carcinogenesis but cause reversible epithelial hyperplasia of terminal bronchioles.
2014 Jan
Zinc oxide nanoparticles induce migration and adhesion of monocytes to endothelial cells and accelerate foam cell formation.
2014 Jul 1
Additive effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles and isoorientin on apoptosis in human hepatoma cell line.
2014 Mar 3
Immunomodulatory activity of zinc peroxide (ZnO₂) and titanium dioxide (TiO₂) nanoparticles and their effects on DNA and protein integrity.
2014 May 16
Zinc oxide nanoparticles induce apoptosis by enhancement of autophagy via PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibition.
2014 May 16
ZnO nanoparticles induced adjuvant effect via toll-like receptors and Src signaling in Balb/c mice.
2014 Nov 4
Ultrasonic assisted removal of sunset yellow from aqueous solution by zinc hydroxide nanoparticle loaded activated carbon: Optimized experimental design.
2015
Endoplasmic reticulum stress and oxidative stress are involved in ZnO nanoparticle-induced hepatotoxicity.
2015 Apr 2
Simultaneous sulfate and zinc removal from acid wastewater using an acidophilic and autotrophic biocathode.
2016 Mar 5
Effects of zinc fluoride on inhibiting dentin demineralization and collagen degradation in vitro: A comparison of various topical fluoride agents.
2016 Oct 1
Mycobacterial carbonic anhydrase inhibition with phenolic acids and esters: kinetic and computational investigations.
2016 Sep 21
Intense 2.7μm emission in Er(3+) doped zinc fluoride glass.
2017 May 15
Patents

Sample Use Guides

Rats: The dosage of zinc fluoride tetrahydrate (ZnF2 •4H2O) was adjusted to contain 2.1 mg (low-dose group, LG), 4.3 mg (mid-dose group, MG), and 5.4 mg fluoride per 200 g rat body weight (high-dose group, HG) corresponding to 5, 10, and 12.5 % of LD50 values for NaF.
Route of Administration: Oral
In Vitro Use Guide
Prepared ground human enamel specimens were immersed in zinc fluoride solutions containing 250 and 750 ppm F- at pH 6 and 4 for 4 min.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Fri Dec 15 15:45:16 UTC 2023
Edited
by admin
on Fri Dec 15 15:45:16 UTC 2023
Record UNII
13S1S8SF37
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
ZINC CATION
Common Name English
ZINC ION
Common Name English
ZINC(II)
Systematic Name English
ZINC ION(2+)
Common Name English
ZINC(2+)
Systematic Name English
ZINC, ION (ZN2+)
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
NDF-RT N0000175530
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
WHO-ATC D09AB01
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
NCI_THESAURUS C68295
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
NCI_THESAURUS C597
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
DSLD 137 (Number of products:9660)
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
Code System Code Type Description
FDA UNII
13S1S8SF37
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
DRUG BANK
DB14532
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
NDF-RT
N0000175529
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY Decreased Copper Ion Absorption [PE]
PUBCHEM
32051
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
DAILYMED
13S1S8SF37
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
DTXSID40920495
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
RXCUI
1546264
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY RxNorm
CHEBI
29105
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
NCI_THESAURUS
C68296
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
CHEBI
27365
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
CAS
23713-49-7
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:45:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
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