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Details

Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Molecular Formula 2C6H11O7.Zn.3H2O
Molecular Weight 509.75
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED
Defined Stereocenters 8 / 8
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of ZINC GLUCONATE TRIHYDRATE

SMILES

O.O.O.[Zn++].OC[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)C([O-])=O.OC[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)C([O-])=O

InChI

InChIKey=ZPQPBMFYUZNVPE-BMDZSJGYSA-L
InChI=1S/2C6H12O7.3H2O.Zn/c2*7-1-2(8)3(9)4(10)5(11)6(12)13;;;;/h2*2-5,7-11H,1H2,(H,12,13);3*1H2;/q;;;;;+2/p-2/t2*2-,3-,4+,5-;;;;/m11..../s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula Zn
Molecular Weight 65.409
Charge 2
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Molecular Formula H2O
Molecular Weight 18.0153
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Molecular Formula C6H12O7
Molecular Weight 196.1553
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 4 / 4
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED

Zinc monocarbonate (Zinc Carbonate) is an inorganic salt. In the United States, Zinc Carbonate may be used as an active ingredient in OTC drug products. When used as an active drug ingredient, the established name is Zinc Carbonate. Zinc monocarbonate is generally recognized as safe by FDA. It is used as skin protectant active ingredient. Zinc carbonate was found to retard the degradation of some poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLG) microspheres in vivo and in vitro. Adding Zinc Carbonate is essential during the preparation of PLGA microspheres. It can remarkably improve the stability of drugs in the acid microenvironment inside PLGA microspheres.

CNS Activity

Curator's Comment: Spatial memory deficits in a mouse model of late-onset Alzheimer's disease were caused by Zinc Carbonate supplementation. Long-term dietary administration of zinc ( Zinc Carbonate) can lead to impairments in cognitive function in rats. Microprobe synchrotron X-ray fluorescence (microSXRF) confirmed that brain zinc levels were increased by adding Zinc Carbonate to the drinking water.

Originator

Curator's Comment: Protherics that initially developed Voraxaze was acquired by BTG International in 2008. After the acquisition BTG International completed the development of Voraxaze and submitted the product for US approval.

Approval Year

TargetsConditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Preventing
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
CORTROPHIN-ZINC

Approved Use

Treatment of ulcerative colitis and other colonic disorders.

Launch Date

1955
Primary
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Secondary
VORAXAZE

Approved Use

Indicated for the treatment of toxic plasma methotrexate concentrations (>1 micromole per liter) in patients with delayed methotrexate clearance due to impaired renal function. Limitation of use: VORAXAZE is not indicated for use in patients who exhibit the expected clearance of methotrexate (plasma methotrexate concentrations within 2 standard deviations of the mean methotrexate excretion curve specific for the dose of methotrexate administered) or those with normal or mildly impaired renal function because of the potential risk of subtherapeutic exposure to methotrexate.

Launch Date

2012
Primary
VUSION

Approved Use

INDICATIONS AND USAGE VUSION Ointment is indicated for the adjunctive treatment of diaper dermatitis only when complicated by documented candidiasis (microscopic evidence of pseudohyphae and/or budding yeast), in immunocompetent pediatric patients 4 weeks and older. A positive fungal culture for Candida albicans is not adequate evidence of candidal infection since colonization with C. albicans can result in a positive culture. The presence of candidal infection should be established by microscopic evaluation prior to initiating treatment. VUSION Ointment should be used as part of a treatment regimen that includes measures directed at the underlying diaper dermatitis, including gentle cleansing of the diaper area and frequent diaper changes.

Launch Date

2006
Primary
ZINC OXIDE

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
ZINC SULFATE

Approved Use

Unknown

Launch Date

1987
Primary
ZINC SULFATE

Approved Use

Unknown

Launch Date

1987
Primary
ZINC SULFATE

Approved Use

Unknown

Launch Date

1987
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
A medicated polycarboxylate cement to prevent complications in composite resin therapy.
1990 Jan
Molecular modeling studies suggest that zinc ions inhibit HIV-1 protease by binding at catalytic aspartates.
1993 Aug
Topical zinc oxide treatment increases endogenous gene expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 in granulation tissue from porcine wounds.
1994 Dec
New applications for the zinc iodide-osmium tetroxide technique.
1994 Feb
Iron chelators as therapeutic agents against Pneumocystis carinii.
1994 May
Cupric ion blocks NF kappa B activation through inhibiting the signal-induced phosphorylation of I kappa B alpha.
1995 Nov 13
SRR-SB3, a disulfide-containing macrolide that inhibits a late stage of the replicative cycle of human immunodeficiency virus.
1997 Feb
Enantioselective Cyclopropanation of Allylic Alcohols. The Effect of Zinc Iodide.
1997 May 16
Combined effects of argon laser irradiation and fluoride treatments in prevention of caries-like lesion formation in enamel: an in vitro study.
1999 Spring
Bioavailability, biodistribution, and toxicity of BioZn-AAS(1): a new zinc source. comparative studies in rats.
2000 Sep
Influence of dietary zinc and copper on digestive enzyme activity and intestinal morphology in weaned pigs.
2006 Dec
Elevated cortical zinc in Alzheimer disease.
2006 Jul 11
The effect of Ramadan on maternal nutrition and composition of breast milk.
2006 Jun
Seminal plasma zinc concentration and alpha-glucosidase activity with respect to semen quality.
2006 May
On the mechanism of the conversion of methanol to 2,2,3-trimethylbutane (triptane) over zinc iodide.
2006 Nov 10
Assessing toxicity of fine and nanoparticles: comparing in vitro measurements to in vivo pulmonary toxicity profiles.
2007 May
DNA damaging potential of zinc oxide nanoparticles in human epidermal cells.
2009 Mar 28
Metal oxide nanoparticles induce unique inflammatory footprints in the lung: important implications for nanoparticle testing.
2010 Dec
In vivo uptake and acute immune response to orally administered chitosan and PEG coated PLGA nanoparticles.
2010 Dec 1
Role of the dissolved zinc ion and reactive oxygen species in cytotoxicity of ZnO nanoparticles.
2010 Dec 15
Oxidative stress, calcium homeostasis, and altered gene expression in human lung epithelial cells exposed to ZnO nanoparticles.
2010 Feb
Engineered nanomaterials cause cytotoxicity and activation on mouse antigen presenting cells.
2010 Jan 12
Phosphorylation of p65 is required for zinc oxide nanoparticle-induced interleukin 8 expression in human bronchial epithelial cells.
2010 Jul
Zinc oxide nanoparticle disruption of store-operated calcium entry in a muscarinic receptor signaling pathway.
2010 Oct
ZnO nanoparticles induce apoptosis in human dermal fibroblasts via p53 and p38 pathways.
2011 Dec
Quantum dots trigger immunomodulation of the NFκB pathway in human skin cells.
2011 Jul
Zeta potential and solubility to toxic ions as mechanisms of lung inflammation caused by metal/metal oxide nanoparticles.
2012 Apr
Aerosolized ZnO nanoparticles induce toxicity in alveolar type II epithelial cells at the air-liquid interface.
2012 Feb
Association of zinc ion release and oxidative stress induced by intratracheal instillation of ZnO nanoparticles to rat lung.
2012 Jun 25
Distinct immunomodulatory effects of a panel of nanomaterials in human dermal fibroblasts.
2012 May 5
Zinc oxide nanoparticles inhibit Ca2+-ATPase expression in human lens epithelial cells under UVB irradiation.
2013 Dec
Sensitivity of human dental pulp cells to eighteen chemical agents used for endodontic treatments in dentistry.
2013 Jan
Reactive oxygen species-induced cytotoxic effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles in rat retinal ganglion cells.
2013 Mar
Inorganic salts in atmospheric particulate matter: Raman spectroscopy as an analytical tool.
2013 Nov
Cytotoxicity in the age of nano: the role of fourth period transition metal oxide nanoparticle physicochemical properties.
2013 Nov 25
Involvement of MyD88 in zinc oxide nanoparticle-induced lung inflammation.
2013 Sep
Mechanism of uptake of ZnO nanoparticles and inflammatory responses in macrophages require PI3K mediated MAPKs signaling.
2014 Apr
Nanosized zinc oxide particles do not promote DHPN-induced lung carcinogenesis but cause reversible epithelial hyperplasia of terminal bronchioles.
2014 Jan
Zinc oxide nanoparticles induce migration and adhesion of monocytes to endothelial cells and accelerate foam cell formation.
2014 Jul 1
Zinc oxide nanoparticles induce apoptosis by enhancement of autophagy via PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibition.
2014 May 16
ZnO nanoparticles induced adjuvant effect via toll-like receptors and Src signaling in Balb/c mice.
2014 Nov 4
Ultrasonic assisted removal of sunset yellow from aqueous solution by zinc hydroxide nanoparticle loaded activated carbon: Optimized experimental design.
2015
Endoplasmic reticulum stress and oxidative stress are involved in ZnO nanoparticle-induced hepatotoxicity.
2015 Apr 2
Synthesis aspects, structural, spectroscopic, antimicrobial and room temperature ferromagnetism of zinc iodide complex with Schiff based ligand.
2015 Jan 25
Simultaneous sulfate and zinc removal from acid wastewater using an acidophilic and autotrophic biocathode.
2016 Mar 5
Spectroscopic probe to contribution of physicochemical transformations in the toxicity of aged ZnO NPs to Chlorella vulgaris: new insight into the variation of toxicity of ZnO NPs under aging process.
2016 Oct
Effects of zinc fluoride on inhibiting dentin demineralization and collagen degradation in vitro: A comparison of various topical fluoride agents.
2016 Oct 1
Risk Assessment Study of Fluoride Salts: Probability-Impact Matrix of Renal and Hepatic Toxicity Markers.
2016 Sep
Mycobacterial carbonic anhydrase inhibition with phenolic acids and esters: kinetic and computational investigations.
2016 Sep 21
Intense 2.7μm emission in Er(3+) doped zinc fluoride glass.
2017 May 15
Patents

Sample Use Guides

Rats: The dosage of zinc fluoride tetrahydrate (ZnF2 •4H2O) was adjusted to contain 2.1 mg (low-dose group, LG), 4.3 mg (mid-dose group, MG), and 5.4 mg fluoride per 200 g rat body weight (high-dose group, HG) corresponding to 5, 10, and 12.5 % of LD50 values for NaF.
Route of Administration: Oral
In Vitro Use Guide
Prepared ground human enamel specimens were immersed in zinc fluoride solutions containing 250 and 750 ppm F- at pH 6 and 4 for 4 min.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
Edited
by admin
on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
Record UNII
F2F0XU34WQ
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
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Name Type Language
ZINC GLUCONATE TRIHYDRATE
Common Name English
ZINC, BIS(D-GLUCONATO-O1,O2)-, TRIHYDRATE, (T-4)
Common Name English
ZINC, BIS(D-GLUCONATO-.KAPPA.O1,.KAPPA.O2)-, TRIHYDRATE, (T-4)-
Common Name English
ZINC GLUCONATE 3H2O
Common Name English
Code System Code Type Description
EPA CompTox
DTXSID00154138
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
RXCUI
1440975
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
PRIMARY RxNorm
DRUG BANK
DBSALT002891
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
SMS_ID
100000127139
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB32332
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
CAS
12389-19-4
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
DAILYMED
F2F0XU34WQ
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
F2F0XU34WQ
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
71586951
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:26:44 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
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PARENT -> SALT/SOLVATE
ANHYDROUS->SOLVATE
PARENT -> SALT/SOLVATE
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ACTIVE MOIETY