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Details

Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Molecular Formula C16H16N2O3S
Molecular Weight 316.3765
Optical Activity NONE
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of FEBUXOSTAT

SMILES

CC(C)COc1ccc(cc1C#N)-c2nc(C)c(C(=O)O)s2

InChI

InChIKey=BQSJTQLCZDPROO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI=1S/C16H16N2O3S/c1-9(2)8-21-13-5-4-11(6-12(13)7-17)15-18-10(3)14(22-15)16(19)20/h4-6,9H,8H2,1-3H3,(H,19,20)

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C16H16N2O3S
Molecular Weight 316.3765
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Description
Curator's Comment:: https://www.drugs.com/uloric.html

Febuxostat (ULORIC) is a novel, xanthine oxidase/dehydrogenase (XO/XDH) inhibitor being developed by Teijin, TAP Pharmaceuticals, and Ipsen for the treatment of gout. The currently available XO inhibitor, allopurinol, has been associated with serious instances of severe hypersensitivity, in some cases leading to fatalities. There is some suggestion that febuxostat is less prone to excacerbate systemic inflammatory events in animal studies. Febuxostat, a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, achieves its therapeutic effect by decreasing serum uric acid. Febuxostat is not expected to inhibit other enzymes involved in purine and pyrimidine synthesis and metabolism at therapeutic concentrations. Febuxostat is used for the treatment of hyperuricemia in patients with gout.

Approval Year

Targets

Targets

Primary TargetPharmacologyConditionPotency
1.26000000000000001 nM [IC50]
Conditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Primary
Uloric

Approved Use

Uloric is a xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitor indicated for the chronic management of hyperuricemia in patients with gout.

Launch Date

1234396800000
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
1.53 μg/mL
40 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
dose: 40 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: MULTIPLE
co-administered:
FEBUXOSTAT plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
AUC

AUC

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
3.98 μg × h/mL
40 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
dose: 40 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: MULTIPLE
co-administered:
FEBUXOSTAT plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
4.2 h
40 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
dose: 40 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: MULTIPLE
co-administered:
FEBUXOSTAT plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
Funbound

Funbound

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
1%
40 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
dose: 40 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: MULTIPLE
co-administered:
FEBUXOSTAT plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
Doses

Doses

DosePopulationAdverse events​
300 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
healthy, adult
40 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 40 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 40 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, adult
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: adult
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Disc. AE: Function liver abnormal...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Function liver abnormal (1.8%)
Sources:
80 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 80 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 80 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, adult
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: adult
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Disc. AE: Function liver abnormal...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Function liver abnormal (1.2%)
Sources:
AEs

AEs

AESignificanceDosePopulation
Function liver abnormal 1.8%
Disc. AE
40 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 40 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 40 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, adult
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: adult
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Function liver abnormal 1.2%
Disc. AE
80 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 80 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 80 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, adult
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: adult
Sex: M+F
Sources:
OverviewDrug as perpetrator​

Drug as perpetrator​

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
low
low
low
low
low
moderate [Ki 40 uM]
weak (co-administration study)
Comment: competitive inhibition; Administration with desipramine resulted in an increase in Cmax (16%) and AUC (22%) of desipramine
Page: 38,13
no [Ki >100 uM]
no [Ki >100 uM]
no [Ki >100 uM]
no [Ki >100 uM]
Drug as victim

Drug as victim

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
inconclusive
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
no (co-administration study)
Comment: warfarin: no effect at steady-state
Page: 12,20,38
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Febuxostat--treatment for hyperuricemia and gout?
2005 Dec 8
Febuxostat compared with allopurinol in patients with hyperuricemia and gout.
2005 Dec 8
Gateways to clinical trials.
2005 Jun
Febuxostat (Teijin/Ipsen/TAP).
2005 Nov
Pathophysiology, clinical presentation and treatment of gout.
2006
Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety of febuxostat, a non-purine selective inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, in a dose escalation study in healthy subjects.
2006
Recent developments in our understanding of the renal basis of hyperuricemia and the development of novel antihyperuricemic therapeutics.
2006
A concise history of gout and hyperuricemia and their treatment.
2006
Gateways to clinical trials.
2006 Apr
Febuxostat versus allopurinol for gout.
2006 Apr 6
Febuxostat versus allopurinol for gout.
2006 Apr 6
Febuxostat for prevention of gout attacks.
2006 Aug
Febuxostat: a selective xanthine oxidase inhibitor for the treatment of hyperuricemia and gout.
2006 Dec
Newer therapeutic approaches: gout.
2006 Feb
The effect of mild and moderate hepatic impairment on pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of febuxostat, a novel nonpurine selective inhibitor of xanthine oxidase.
2006 Jan
[Gout].
2006 Jan 11
Gateways to clinical trials.
2006 Jul-Aug
New developments in clinically relevant mechanisms and treatment of hyperuricemia.
2006 Jun
Gout's not just for the gluttonous.
2006 Jun
Is febuxostat a more effective treatment for hyperuricemia and gout than allopurinol?
2006 May
Acute effects of febuxostat, a nonpurine selective inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, in pacing induced heart failure.
2006 Nov
Case 8: initiation of urate-lowering therapy for standard advanced gout.
2006 Nov
Metabolic diseases: gout.
2006 Nov-Dec
[Febuxostat versus allopurinol for hyperuricemia].
2006 Oct
Hyperuricemia and gout: new insights into pathogenesis and treatment.
2007
Emerging therapies in the long-term management of hyperuricaemia and gout.
2007 Apr
Assessment of outcome in clinical trials of gout--a review of current measures.
2007 Dec
[Crystal-induced arthritis--old but important].
2007 Jul
Uricase and other novel agents for the management of patients with treatment-failure gout.
2007 Jun
Therapeutic advances in gout.
2007 Mar
Febuxostat : a viewpoint by Naomi Schlesinger.
2008
Febuxostat.
2008
A benefit-risk assessment of benzbromarone in the treatment of gout. Was its withdrawal from the market in the best interest of patients?
2008
Gateways to clinical trials.
2008 Apr
[New antihyperuricemic medicine: febuxostat, Puricase, etc].
2008 Apr
[Inhibitors of xanthine oxidoreductase].
2008 Apr
Effects of febuxostat on metabolic and renal alterations in rats with fructose-induced metabolic syndrome.
2008 Apr
Crystal structures of mammalian xanthine oxidoreductase bound with various inhibitors: allopurinol, febuxostat, and FYX-051.
2008 Feb
Determinants of the clinical outcomes of gout during the first year of urate-lowering therapy.
2008 Jun
Refractory gout: what is it and what to do about it?
2008 Mar
Effect of food or antacid on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of febuxostat in healthy subjects.
2008 Mar
Gateways to clinical trials.
2008 Oct
Gout. Novel therapies for treatment of gout and hyperuricemia.
2009
Role of urate, xanthine oxidase and the effects of allopurinol in vascular oxidative stress.
2009
Febuxostat: new drug. Hyperuricaemia: risk of gout attacks.
2009 Apr
Gateways to clinical trials.
2009 Apr
A critical reappraisal of allopurinol dosing, safety, and efficacy for hyperuricemia in gout.
2009 Apr
Febuxostat in the treatment of gout: 5-yr findings of the FOCUS efficacy and safety study.
2009 Feb
[Crystal-induced activation of the inflammasome: gout and pseudogout].
2009 Nov
Febuxostat for the treatment of hyperuricaemia in people with gout: a single technology appraisal.
2009 Oct
Patents

Sample Use Guides

In Vivo Use Guide
For treatment of hyperuricemia in patients with gout, the recommended dose is 40 mg or 80 mg once daily.
Route of Administration: Oral
Febuxostat (200uM) inhibited cholesterol crystal-induced ROS formation and inflammatory cytokine release in murine macrophages.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
Edited
by admin
on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
Record UNII
101V0R1N2E
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
FEBUXOSTAT
DASH   EMA EPAR   INN   JAN   MART.   MI   ORANGE BOOK   USAN   VANDF   WHO-DD  
USAN   INN  
Official Name English
FEBUXOSTAT [VANDF]
Common Name English
TMX-67
Code English
NSC-758874
Code English
2-(3-CYANO-4-ISOBUTOXYPHENYL)-4-METHYL-1,3-THIAZOLE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID
Systematic Name English
FEBUXOSTAT [USAN]
Common Name English
FEBUXOSTAT [MI]
Common Name English
FEBUXOSTAT [INN]
Common Name English
ADENURIC
Brand Name English
5-THIAZOLECARBOXYLIC ACID, 2-(3-CYANO-4-(2-METHYLPROPOXY)PHENYL)-4-METHYL-
Systematic Name English
FEBUXOSTAT [JAN]
Common Name English
FEBUXOSTAT [EMA EPAR]
Common Name English
FEBUXOSTAT [MART.]
Common Name English
FEBUXOSTAT [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
ULORIC
Brand Name English
FEBUXOSTAT [ORANGE BOOK]
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
LIVERTOX 400
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
WHO-VATC QM04AA03
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
EMA ASSESSMENT REPORTS ADENURIC (AUTHORIZED: GOUT)
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
WHO-ATC M04AA03
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
NDF-RT N0000175698
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
NDF-RT N0000000206
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
NCI_THESAURUS C1637
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
NCI_THESAURUS C921
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
Code System Code Type Description
FDA UNII
101V0R1N2E
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
DRUG BANK
DB04854
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
NCI_THESAURUS
C65629
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
MESH
C084623
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB25382
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
DRUG CENTRAL
1137
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
INN
8140
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
144060-53-7
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
RXCUI
73689
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY RxNorm
MERCK INDEX
M5253
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY Merck Index
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1164729
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
IUPHAR
6817
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
CAS
144060-53-7
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
134018
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 22:09:35 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
Related Record Type Details
EXCRETED UNCHANGED
AMOUNT EXCRETED
URINE
METABOLIC ENZYME -> SUBSTRATE
BINDER->LIGAND
BINDING
EXCRETED UNCHANGED
AMOUNT EXCRETED
FECAL
METABOLIC ENZYME -> SUBSTRATE
TARGET -> INHIBITOR
Ki
METABOLIC ENZYME -> SUBSTRATE
METABOLIC ENZYME -> SUBSTRATE
METABOLIC ENZYME -> SUBSTRATE
METABOLIC ENZYME -> SUBSTRATE
METABOLIC ENZYME -> INHIBITOR
Ki
METABOLIC ENZYME -> SUBSTRATE
METABOLIC ENZYME -> SUBSTRATE
SALT/SOLVATE -> PARENT
Related Record Type Details
METABOLITE -> PARENT
67M-3, a major metabolite formed in vitro, was not detected in significant amount in vivo. 67M-3 was mainly metabolized by CYP1A1, whose level is low in healthy non-smoking
METABOLITE ACTIVE -> PARENT
URINE
METABOLITE ACTIVE -> PARENT
MAJOR
URINE
METABOLITE ACTIVE -> PARENT
MAJOR
FECAL
METABOLITE ACTIVE -> PARENT
It was reported that febuxostat is metabolized by oxidative and conjugation pathways and three major metabolites have been identified as 67M-1, 67M-2, and 67M-4
MAJOR
FECAL
METABOLITE ACTIVE -> PARENT
It was reported that febuxostat is metabolized by oxidative and conjugation pathways and three major metabolites have been iden- tified as 67M-1, 67M-2, and 67M-4
MAJOR
FECAL
METABOLITE ACTIVE -> PARENT
MAJOR
URINE
Related Record Type Details
ACTIVE MOIETY
Name Property Type Amount Referenced Substance Defining Parameters References
Volume of Distribution PHARMACOKINETIC
Tmax PHARMACOKINETIC HIGH-FAT MEAL

FED CONDITION

Biological Half-life PHARMACOKINETIC
Tmax PHARMACOKINETIC