U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

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Showing 21 - 30 of 125036 results


Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Maralixibat (SHP625; formerly LUM001 or lopixibat) is a potent, apical, sodium‐dependent, bile acid transporter competitive inhibitor with minimal systemic absorption. Maralixibat works by reducing systemic levels of bile acids. In animal models of cholestasis, maralixibat blocked reabsorption of bile acids in the terminal ileum, thereby reducing enterohepatic recirculation to the liver and increasing fecal excretion of bile acids. Maralixibat is being evaluated as a treatment for children with rare cholestatic liver diseases, including Alagille syndrome (ALGS) and progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC).
ABL-001 (asciminib), a potent and selective allosteric tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1 inhibitor that is undergoing clinical development testing in patients with Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and Philadelphia Chromosome-positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. is a tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1 inhibitor. In contrast to catalytic-site ABL1 kinase inhibitors, ABL001 binds to the myristoyl pocket of ABL1 and induces the formation of an inactive kinase conformation. ABL001 and second-generation catalytic inhibitors have similar cellular potencies but distinct patterns of resistance mutations, with genetic barcoding studies revealing pre-existing clonal populations with no shared resistance between ABL001 and the catalytic inhibitor nilotinib. ABL001 was tested on mice with a particularly aggressive type of CML. The combination of ABL001 and nilotinib led to complete disease control and eradicated CML xenograft tumors without recurrence after the cessation of treatment. ABL001 is being tested in clinical trials for treatment of CML and Philadelphia Chromosome-positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia alone and in combination with niotinib, imatinib or dasatinib.
Cabotegravir is an investigational drug that is being studied for the treatment and prevention of HIV infection. Cabotegravir belongs to a class (group) of HIV drugs called integrase inhibitors. Integrase inhibitors block an HIV enzyme called integrase. (An enzyme is a protein that starts or increases the speed of a chemical reaction.) By blocking integrase, integrase inhibitors prevent HIV from multiplying and can reduce the amount of HIV in the body. Cabotegravir does not require boosting with an additional drug. Two forms of cabotegravir are being studied: tablets that are taken by mouth (known as oral cabotegravir or oral CAB) and a long-acting injectable form that is injected into the muscle (known as cabotegravir LA or CAB LA; LA stands for "long-acting"). (A long-acting drug formulation works over a long period of time. Using this type of drug might mean that the drug could be taken less often, making a treatment or prevention regimen simpler to take.) Cabotegravir is in Phase-III clinical trials for HIV infections.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

A-4250 (odevixibat) is a selective inhibitor of the ileal bile acid transporter (IBAT) that acts locally in the gut. Ileum absorbs glyco-and taurine-conjugated forms of the bile salts. IBAT is the first step in absorption at the brush-border membrane. A-4250 works by decreasing the re-absorption of bile acids from the small intestine to the liver, whichreduces the toxic levels of bile acids during the progression of the disease. It exhibits therapeutic intervention by checking the transport of bile acids. Studies show that A-4250 has the potential to decrease the damage in the liver cells and the development of fibrosis/cirrhosis of the liver known to occur in progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis. A-4250 is a designated orphan drug in the USA for October 2012. A-4250 is a designated orphan drug in the EU for October 2016. A-4250 was awarded PRIME status for PFIC by EMA in October 2016. A-4250 is in phase II clinical trials by Albireo for the treatment of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and cholestatic pruritus. In an open label Phase 2 study in children with cholestatic liver disease and pruritus, odevixibat showed reductions in serum bile acids and pruritus in most patients and exhibited a favorable overall tolerability profile.
Viloxazine is an antidepressant drug was used to treat patients with depression. Viloxazine inhibits noradrenaline uptake. This drug was approved in some Europe countries, but not in the USA, but then it was discontinued because of competition from other drugs. In the frame of drug repositioning, Viloxazine participated in clinical trials for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Phase II of trials was successfully passed.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Ponesimod is an experimental drug for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) graft-versus-host disease and psoriasis. It acts on certain types of white blood cells (lymphocytes) which are involved in the autoimmune attack on myelin seen in multiple sclerosis (MS). Ponesimod is an orally active, reversible, and selective sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor (S1PR1) modulator. The drug is in phase II clinical trial for the treatment of graft-versus-host disease. In addition, the phase III clinical trial comparing ponesimod to teriflunomide in relapsing-remitting MS is ongoing.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

DCFPYL F-18 is an urea-based radiotracer composed of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeting agent DCFPyL and labeled with the positron-emitting isotope, fluorine F 18, that can potentially be used for positron-emitting tomography (PET) imaging. Upon administration of fluorine F 18 DCFPyL, the DCFPyL moiety binds to PSMA expressed on tumor cells. The fluorine F 18 moiety facilitates PET imaging of PSMA-expressing tumor cells. DCFPYL F-18 is investigated in a number of clinical trials in patients with prostate cancer and neuroendocrine tumors.
Tivozanib (formerly AV-951, KRN-951) is a potent and selective VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor and inhibits angiogenesis and vascular permeability in tumor tissues. It completed phase III a trial investigation for the treatment of renal cell carcinomas, but has not been still approved. In addition, this drug is in the phase II of clinical trial for the investigation it in patients with glioblastoma and colorectal carcinoma.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

OTL-0038 or OTL-38, a fluorescent-labelled folate receptor-α (FRα) targeted imaging agent that accumulates in vivo in tumor cells expressing FR. OTL38 is currently in ongoing Phase 3 clinical trial in ovarian cancer and successfully completed phase 2 clinical trial in lung cancer. OTL38 is being evaluated for its ability to help surgeons locate and remove hard-to-find cancerous lesions that are often widespread. In 2014, the OTL-38 molecule was granted orphan drug status which can be given to the maker of a drug that treats rare conditions or diseases and offers protection from competition for a period of time. In addition, OTL-38 was studied in phase II clinical trials in the Netherlands for the diagnosis of endometriosis.