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Details

Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Molecular Formula C12H21N2O3PS
Molecular Weight 304.3471
Optical Activity NONE
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of DIMPYLATE

SMILES

CCOP(=S)(OCC)Oc1cc(C)nc(C(C)C)n1

InChI

InChIKey=FHIVAFMUCKRCQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI=1S/C12H21N2O3PS/c1-6-15-18(19,16-7-2)17-11-8-10(5)13-12(14-11)9(3)4/h8-9H,6-7H2,1-5H3

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C12H21N2O3PS
Molecular Weight 304.3471
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Dimpylate (diazinon) is a nonsystemic organophosphate insecticide, an inhibitor of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which hydrolyzes the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh) in cholinergic synapses and neuromuscular junctions. This results in abnormal accumulation of ACh in the nervous system. Dimpylate was first registered for use in the USA in 1956. It was developed as an insecticide, acaricide, and nematicide for use on a variety of pests for control of soil insects and pests of fruit, vegetables, and forage and field crops. It had been used extensively in home and garden applications, in formulations designed to prevent such pests as crickets or cockroaches from infesting homes or offices, and in pet collars. Due to the emerging health and ecological risks posed by diazinon, manufacturers agreed to phase out and cancel all residential products. Manufacturing of indoor use products containing dimpylatewas discontinued in 2001; manufacture of non-agricultural outdoor use products containing dimpylate was discontinued in 2003.

CNS Activity

Curator's Comment:: Animal tissue studies and autopsy reports of human deaths from diazinon have shown that it is widely and rapidly distributed throughout the body. Rats exposed orally to 23 mg/kg diazinon had detectable levels of diazinon in the blood, adipose tissue, muscle, liver and brain.

Approval Year

Targets

Targets

Primary TargetPharmacologyConditionPotency
1900.0 nM [IC50]
Conditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
[Evaluation of the effect of Knox-Out microencapsulated V.O. 240 and K-othrine powder on rat lice in two villages in the Betafo region].
2001
Agricultural use of organophosphate pesticides and the risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among male farmers (United States).
2001 Aug
Influence of sebum and stratum corneum hydration on pesticide/herbicide collection efficiencies of the human hand.
2001 Aug
Joint acute toxicity of diazinon and ammonia to Ceriodaphnia dubia.
2001 Dec
A comparison of biomarker responses in the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa to the organophosphorus insecticides diazinon and chlorpyrifos.
2001 Nov
Diazinon is activated by CYP2C19 in human liver.
2001 Nov 15
Levels of persistent organic pollutants in several child day care centers.
2001 Nov-Dec
Toxicologic significance of the hyperglycemia caused by organophosphorous insecticides.
2001 Oct
Topical insecticide treatments to protect dogs from sand fly vectors of leishmaniasis.
2001 Sep-Oct
Pattern recognition of the movement tracks of medaka (Oryzias latipes) in response to sub-lethal treatments of an insecticide by using artificial neural networks.
2002
Pollutants in house dust as indicators of indoor contamination.
2002
Field studies on the susceptibility of housefly to certain insecticides in nine Egyptian governorates.
2002 Apr
Effects of acute sublethal exposure to coumaphos or diazinon on acquisition and discrimination of odor stimuli in the honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae).
2002 Apr
Kynurenine formamidase: determination of primary structure and modeling-based prediction of tertiary structure and catalytic triad.
2002 Apr 29
Solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the study of soil adsorption coefficients of organophosphorus pesticides.
2002 Aug
Pest control.
2002 Aug
Sorption behaviour of acetochlor, atrazine, carbendazim, diazinon, imidacloprid and isoproturon on Hungarian agricultural soil.
2002 Aug
Vitamin C and E intake is associated with increased paraoxonase activity.
2002 Aug 1
Exposure to the organophosphate diazinon: data from a human volunteer study with oral and dermal doses.
2002 Aug 5
Biological monitoring of exposure to organophosphate pesticides.
2002 Aug 5
Community exposures to airborne agricultural pesticides in California: ranking of inhalation risks.
2002 Dec
Simple method for the determination of trace levels of pesticides in honeybees using matrix solid-phase dispersion and gas chromatography.
2002 Dec 27
Modeling of single-step and multistep adsorption isotherms of organic pesticides on soil.
2002 Dec 4
Combined effects of lowered oxygen and toxicants (copper and diazinon) on the mayfly Ephoron virgo.
2002 Feb
[The therapy is worse than the disease].
2002 Feb 15
Simple determination of 22 organophosphorous pesticides in human blood using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection.
2002 Jan
Oxidation of diazinon by anodic Fenton treatment.
2002 Jul
Cholinesterase activity and effects of its inhibition by neurotoxic drugs in Dictyostelium discoideum.
2002 Jul
Monitoring of the pesticide diazinon in soil, stem and surface water of rice fields.
2002 Jul
Increased toxicity to invertebrates associated with a mixture of atrazine and organophosphate insecticides.
2002 Jul
Exposure apportionment: ranking food items by their contribution to dietary exposure.
2002 Jul
Herbicide and insecticide loadings from the Susquehanna River to the northern Chesapeake Bay.
2002 Jul 17
Application of solid-phase microextraction in the monitoring of priority pesticides in the Kalamas River (N.W. Greece).
2002 Jul 19
Effect of some organophosphorus pesticides on oxygen consumption of shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei.
2002 Jun
Residential pesticide use during pregnancy among a cohort of urban minority women.
2002 May
Interactions between pesticides and components of pesticide formulations in an in vitro neurotoxicity test.
2002 May 1
Validation of an SPME method, using PDMS, PA, PDMS-DVB, and CW-DVB SPME fiber coatings, for analysis of organophosphorus insecticides in natural waters.
2002 Nov
Ecological risk assessment of pesticide residues in coastal lagoons of Nicaragua.
2002 Oct
Sublethal responses of wolf spiders (Lycosidae) to organophosphorous insecticides.
2002 Oct
Persistence of methamidophos, diazinon, and malathion in tomatoes.
2002 Oct
A multi-analyte method for the quantification of contemporary pesticides in human serum and plasma using high-resolution mass spectrometry.
2002 Oct 5
Prevalence of fetal exposure to environmental toxins as determined by meconium analysis.
2002 Sep
Susceptibility to diazinon in populations of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans (Diptera: Muscidae), in Central Brazil.
2002 Sep
Causes of ambient toxicity in the Calleguas Creek watershed of southern California.
2002 Sep
Cannabinoid CB1 receptor as a target for chlorpyrifos oxon and other organophosphorus pesticides.
2002 Sep 5
Determination of pesticide residues in nonfatty foods by supercritical fluid extraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry: collaborative study.
2002 Sep-Oct
Histological examination of sublethal effects of diazinon on ovary of bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus.
2003
Biological targets of neurotoxic pesticides analysed by alteration of developmental events in the Mediterranean sea urchin, Paracentrotus lividus.
2003 Feb
Predicting children's short-term exposure to pesticides: results of a questionnaire screening approach.
2003 Jan
The effects of acute pesticide exposure on neuroblastoma cells chronically exposed to diazinon.
2003 Mar 14
Patents

Sample Use Guides

Dimpylate (diazinon) is a contact insecticide. It is administered by spraying the crops.
Route of Administration: Topical
The Ellman assay was used to test AchE inhibition activity. The assay is based on chromophores generated in situ after enzymatic cleavage of acetylthiocholine and the resulting thiocholine with Ellman’s reagent, DTNB (5,50-dithio-bis-2-nitrobenzoic acid). The plates were incubated at room temperature and the enzymatic activity was determined by spectrophotometric reading at 412 nm.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
Edited
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
Record UNII
YUS1M1Q929
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
DIMPYLATE
INN   MART.   WHO-DD  
INN  
Official Name English
DIETHYL 2-ISOPROPYL-4-METHYL-6-PYRIMIDYL THIONOPHOSPHATE
Common Name English
DIAZINON [ISO]
Common Name English
O,O-DIETHYL 2-ISOPROPYL-6-METHYL-4-PYRIMIDINYLPHOSPHOROTHIOATE
Systematic Name English
OPTIMIZER INSECTICIDE
Brand Name English
DIMPYLATE [INN]
Common Name English
DIAZINON [HSDB]
Common Name English
O,O-DIETHYL O-(6-METHYL-2-(1-METHYLETHYL)-4-PYRIMIDINYL) PHOSPHOROTHIOATE
Systematic Name English
DIAZINON [MI]
Common Name English
DIMPYLATE [MART.]
Common Name English
DIAZINON
HSDB   ISO   MI  
Systematic Name English
PHOSPHOROTHIOIC ACID O,O-DIETHYL O-(6-METHYL-2-(1-METHYLETHYL)-4-PYRIMIDINYL) ESTER
Systematic Name English
NSC-8938
Code English
DIMPYLATE [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
NEW Z DIAZINON
Brand Name English
DIAZINON [IARC]
Common Name English
G-24480
Code English
Classification Tree Code System Code
WHO-VATC QP53AF03
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
EPA PESTICIDE CODE 57801
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
Code System Code Type Description
INN
2045
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
MESH
D003976
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
333-41-5
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
WIKIPEDIA
DIAZINON
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
3017
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
HSDB
303
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
CAS
333-41-5
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB07189MIG
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
206-373-8
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
NCI_THESAURUS
C169912
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
YUS1M1Q929
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
ChEMBL
CHEMBL388560
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
MERCK INDEX
M4268
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 13:34:49 UTC 2021
PRIMARY Merck Index
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ACTIVE MOIETY