U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

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Showing 41 - 50 of 11797 results

Blu-285 is a potent and selective inhibitor for hematologic malignancies with KIT Exon 17 Mutations. BLU-285 has demonstrated biochemical in vitro activity on the KIT exon-17 mutant enzyme, KIT D816V. Cellular activity of BLU-285 on KIT D816 mutants was measured by autophosphorylation in the human mast cell leukemia cell line HMC1.2, and the P815 mouse mastocytoma cell line with IC50= 4 and 22 nM, respectively. In vivo BLU-285 was well tolerated and has demonstrated dose-dependent antitumor efficacy. Complete tumor growth inhibition and ≥ 75% KIT kinase inhibition was observed with 10 mg/kg once daily, oral dosing of BLU-285 in the aggressive KIT exon 17 mutant driven P815 mastocytoma model grown as a solid tumor allograft as well as in a disseminated model of the disease. BLU-285 was also well tolerated in this in vivo model and had no adverse effects on body weight at either dose.
Flortaucipir (18F-AV-1451, also known as 18F-T807) is a highly selective positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agent targeting paired helical filament (PHF)-tau in the brain. This tracer is studying for clinical assessment in patients with various tauopathies, including Alzheimer's disease, as well as in healthy subjects.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)



Cortexolone 17α-propionate (WINLEVI, BREEZULA) is a steroid belonging to the family of cortexolone derivatives. It is a topical and peripherally selective androgen antagonist. WINLEVI is used for the treatment of acne and has completed Phase II clinical trials and Phase III trials. BREEZULA is used for the treatment of androgenic alopecia and is currently undergoing a Phase II trial in the US.
Pemigatinib, an oral kinases inhibitor, was approved under the brand name PEMAZYRE for the treatment of adults with previously treated, unresectable locally advanced, or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with a fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) fusion. The FDA-approved indication for pemigatinib was granted under accelerated approval based on the overall response rate and duration of response in pre-marketing clinical trials. The drug inhibited FGFR1-3 phosphorylation and signaling and decreased cell viability in cancer cell lines with activating FGFR amplification and fusions that resulted in constitutive activation of FGFR signaling.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Setmelanotide (RM-493), is an investigational, first-in-class melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) agonist in development for the treatment of rare genetic disorders of obesity. Setmelanotide is thought to activate the MC4R, part of a key biological pathway in humans that regulates weight by increasing energy expenditure and reducing appetite. Variants in genes within the MC4 pathway are associated with unrelenting hunger, known as hyperphagia, and severe, early-onset obesity. Setmelanotide is a potential replacement therapy that may restore lost activity in the MC4 pathway, reestablishing weight and appetite control in patients with these rare genetic disorders.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Fluoroestradiol F-18 is a derivative of estradiol. where hydrogen at position 16 is replaced by radioactive fluorine. Fluoroestradiol F-18 is taken up by tumor cells, expression estrogen receptor, and it is clinically evaluated for PET imaging to detect and stage breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and cancer of uterine endometrium and myometrium.
Bristol-Myers Squibb developed Rimegepant, also known as BMS-927711. Rimegepant is a potent, selective, competitive and orally active calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) antagonist in clinical trials for treating migraine. Rimegepant has shown in vivo efficacy without vasoconstrictor effect; it is superior to placebo at several different doses (75 mg, 150 mg, and 300 mg) and has an excellent tolerability profile.
Capmatinib (INC280, INCB028060), is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of the proto-oncogene c-Met (hepatocyte growth factor receptor [HGFR]) with potential antineoplastic activity. Novartis acquired Incyte's capmatinib, which is in Phase II clinical trial as monotherapy in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Capmatinib selectively binds to c-Met, thereby inhibiting c-Met phosphorylation and disrupting c-Met signal transduction pathways. This may induce cell death in tumor cells overexpressing c-Met protein or expressing constitutively activated c-Met protein. c-Met, a receptor tyrosine kinase overexpressed or mutated in many tumor cell types, plays key roles in tumor cell proliferation, survival, invasion, metastasis, and tumor angiogenesis.
Tazemetostat (EPZ-6438) is a selective inhibitor of histone-lysine N-methyltransferase EZH2. The drug is under clinical development (phase II) for the treatment of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma, Malignant Mesothelioma and Synovial Sarcoma.