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Showing 31 - 40 of 11797 results


Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Prostamedix is a 68Ga-labeled ligand of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) for Prostate Cancer PET imaging. Because of the increased expression of PSMA in Prostate Cancer and its metastases, Prostamedix was reported to exhibit a favorable lesion-to-background ratio with high detection rates. Further studies evaluating Prostamedix showed substantially higher detection rates in patients with recurrent PC than reported for other imaging modalities, especially at low PSA values. The chelator HBED-CC (N,N'-bis-[2-hydroxy-5-(carboxyethyl)benzyl]ethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid), represents a hitherto rarely used acyclic complexing agent especially allowing efficient radiolabelling with 68Ga even at ambient temperature. By combining HBED-CC with the PSMA inhibitor Glu-urea-Lys, a favorable aromatic part is introduced into the radiotracer which was found to be a necessary requirement for sustainable interaction with the PSMA receptor, putatively with the accessory hydrophobic pocket of the PSMA
Nifurtimox is a nitrofuran derivative used as a primary agent in the treatment of American trypanosomiasis (Chagas' disease) caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, especially in the acute, early stage of the disease. The efficacy of nifurtimox in the treatment of chronic Chagas' disease varies from one country to another, possibly due to variation in the sensitivity of different strains of the organism. Nifurtimox has also been used to treat African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) and is active in the second stage of the disease (central nervous system involvement). When nifurtimox is given on its own, about half of all patients will relapse, but the combination of melarsoprol with nifurtimox appears to be efficacious. Nifurtimox forms a nitro-anion radical metabolite that reacts with nucleic acids of the parasite causing significant break down of DNA. Nifurtimox undergoes reduction and creates oxygen radicals such as superoxide. These radicals are toxic to T. cruzi. Mammalian cells are protected by the presence of catalase, glutathione, peroxidases, and superoxide dismutase. Accumulation of hydrogen peroxide to cytotoxic levels results in parasite death. Side effects occur following chronic administration, particularly in elderly people. Major toxicities include immediate hypersensitivities such as anaphylaxis and delayed hypersensitivity reaction involving icterus and dermatitis. Central nervous system disturbances and peripheral neuropathy may also occur.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Opicapone (Ongentys®), a potent, oral, third-generation, long-acting, peripheral catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor, is approved as the adjunctive treatment to levodopa (L-Dopa)/dopa-decarboxylase inhibitor (DDCI) therapy in adults with Parkinson's disease (PD) and end-of-dose motor fluctuations who cannot be stabilized on those combinations. Opicapone is a hydrophilic 1,2,4-oxadiazole analog with a pyridine N-oxide at position 3, with these modifications enhancing its potency and extending its duration of action, whilst avoiding cell toxicity. In preclinical animal studies, Opicapone-induced inhibition of peripheral (but not central) COMT activity was associated with a prolonged increase in systemic and central exposure to L-Dopa, with a corresponding reduction in 3-OMD exposure. Following single or multiple doses of Opicapone (5–1200 mg) in healthy adult volunteers or patients with PD, Opicapone inhibited COMT activity in ex vivo erythrocyte assays in a reversible dose-dependent manner, with the duration of Opicapone-induced COMT inhibition independent of dose. Adjunctive Opicapone was generally well tolerated during more than a year of treatment in BIPARK I and BIPARK II (double-blind plus extension phases). The recommended dosage is 50 mg once daily, which should be taken at bedtime at least 1 h before or after L-Dopa combinations.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Remimazolam is an intravenous benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic with rapid onset and offset of action. This compound undergoes organ-independent metabolism to an inactive metabolite. Like other benzodiazepines, remimazolam can be reversed with flumazenil to rapidly terminate sedation and anesthesia. Phase I and II clinical trials have shown that remimazolam is safe and effective when used for procedural sedation. Phase III clinical trials have been completed investigating efficacy and safety in patients undergoing bronchoscopy and colonoscopy. The developer of this drug has suggested that intensive care unit sedation (beyond 24 hours) could be another possible indication for further development, since it is unlikely that prolonged infusions or higher doses of remimazolam would result in accumulation and extended effect.
Selumetinib (AZD6244 or ARRY-142886) is a potent, selective, and ATP-uncompetitive inhibitor of Ras-Raf-mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK1/2). This inhibition can prevent ERK activation, disrupt downstream signal transduction, and inhibit cancer cell proliferation and survival. Selumetinib has shown tumour suppressive activity in multiple rodent models of human cancer including melanoma, pancreatic, colon, lung, and breast cancers. AstraZeneca is responsible for development and commercialization of selumetinib.
Lonafarnib is a well-characterized, late-stage, orally active inhibitor of farnesyl transferase, an enzyme involved in modification of proteins through a process called prenylation. It is Investigated for use/treatment in Progeria, Cancer, Hepatitis D. Lonafarnib completely inhibits Rheb prenylation and phosphorylation of S6 ribosomal protein in cell culture, indicating a lack of alternative Rheb prenylation. Other groups have demonstrated that inhibition of protein synthesis via inactivation of eukaryotic elongation factor (eEF2) could be an alternate mechanism of lonafarnib induced growth inhibition that is independent of RAS/p70S6K eEF. Adverse effects included fatigue, diarrhea, dyspnea and neutropenia and respiratory insufficiency.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Vibegron is a selective beta 3 adrenergic receptor (β3AR) agonist that is being developed in Japan jointly by Kyorin Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd and Kissei Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd and in other regions worldwide (except in several other Asian countries) by Urovant Sciences for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). Vibegron potently activates human b3AR and increases cAMP levels, with an EC50 of 1.1 nM. Based on results from Japanese phase III trials, vibegron received approval in Japan in September 2018 for this indication. Vibegron, an active ingredient of Beova® Tablets, is a novel once-daily oral treatment for overactive bladder (OAB), acts selectively on the bladder's β3-adrenergic receptor, relaxes the bladder and enhances the urine collection, and consequently improves the symptoms of urgency, urinary frequency and urge urinary incontinence associated with OAB.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Conditions:

Oliceridine (TRV-130) is a potent μ-opioid receptor agonist. In cell-based assays, TRV130 elicits robust G protein signaling, with potency and efficacy similar to morphine, but with far less β-arrestin recruitment and receptor internalization. In rodents, TRV130 is potently analgesic while causing less gastrointestinal dysfunction and respiratory suppression than morphine at equianalgesic doses. Oliceridine is being developed by Trevena for the first-line treatment of moderate-to-severe acute postoperative pain. Phase III development is underway for the treatment of postoperative pain in the US. Phase II development is underway for the treatment of acute pain in the US.