U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

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Showing 11 - 20 of 11797 results


Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Cyclic pyranopterin monophosphate is a precursor to molybdenum cofactor, which is required for the enzyme activity of sulfite oxidase, xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase, and aldehyde oxidase. The drug is being investigated in severe molybdenum cofactor deficiency type A. In a clinical study, intravenous administration of the drug resulted in greatly improved neurodevelopmental outcome when started sufficiently early.
Fexinidazole is an antiparasitic drug, which is in the phase III of clinical trial for the treatment of Human African Trypanosomiasis, and in the phase II for the treatment Disease, Chagas and Visceral Leishmaniosis. However, for the Visceral Leishmaniosis, studies were terminated, due to lack of efficacy. Fexinidazole rapidly metabolized to two active metabolites, a sulfone and a sulfoxide, which prolong the pharmacological action of parent drug. These metabolites retaine trypanocidal activity but are less effective in nifurtimox-resistant lines, which can lead to the potential danger in the use of fexinidazole as a monotherapy.
Estetrol is the natural human fetal selective estrogen receptor modulator. It is synthesized exclusively by the human fetal liver during pregnancy. Estetrol has a moderate affinity for human estrogen A receptor (ERa) and estrogen B receptor (ERb). Estetrol may be suitable as a potential drug for human use in applications such as hormone replacement therapy (vaginal atrophy, hot flushes), contraception and osteoporosis. The most common drug-related adverse events were lower abdominal pain, nausea, headache, dysmenorrhoea, breast enlargement and acne. Estetrol had been in clinical trials for the treatment of breast and prostate cancers.
Avacopan (CCX-168) an orally administered selective and potent complement 5a receptor inhibitor. Avacopan blocked the C5a binding, C5a-mediated migration, calcium mobilization, and CD11b upregulation in U937 cells as well as in freshly isolated human neutrophils. Avacopan is being developed for inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.
Infigratinib (BGJ398), a potent, orally bioavailable, small-molecule pan-FGFR kinase inhibitor. FGFR genetic alterations are the most significant predictors for BGJ398 sensitivity. It is currently in phase 2 trials for Cholangiocarcinoma, Glioblastoma and Solid tumors. Detected adverse events were hyperphosphatemia, fatigue, constipation, cough and nausea. Other adverse events were generally mild and included stomatitis, hair loss, decreased appetite, and fatigue.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

MK-8031 (also known as Atogepant) is piperidinonylcarboxamideazaindane derivative patented by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp as CGRP receptor antagonist useful for prevention and treatment of Migraine. A press release in June 2018 announced positive results for MK-8031, in a Phase 2 trial of daily use for episodic migraine prevention. MK-8031appeared to show good efficacy in migraine prevention and no significant liver toxicity signal at any dose despite daily dosing for 3 months. Phase III clinical trial was initiated in 2019 and currently in progress.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)


Conditions:

Vericiguat, discovered at Bayer, is the first soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulator. Vericiguat is currently being studied in a Phase III clinical program for the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF).

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Samidorphan was developed as a sublingually bioavailable µ-opioid receptor antagonist. This drug participated in clinical trials for the treatment of Schizophrenia, Alcohol Dependence, and Binge Eating Disorder. The oral dose pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of samidorphan were evaluated in phase II double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized studies in healthy adults. In addition, the combination of samidorphan (SAM) with buprenorphine (BUP) was studied in phase III clinical trial in patients with major depressive disorder (MDM). It was shown that the long-term treatment did not reveal any new safety findings and confirmed that the risk of abuse and dependence with BUP/SAM was low.

Showing 11 - 20 of 11797 results