U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

Showing 21 - 30 of 6203 results


Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Fostemsavir (BMS-663068) is an investigational attachment inhibitor with a unique mechanism of action. It is a prodrug of temsavir, which binds to HIV envelope glycoprotein 120 (gp120), thereby preventing viral attachment to the host CD4 cell surface receptor. In the absence of effective binding of HIV gp120 with the host CD4 receptor, HIV does not enter the host cell. Because fostemsavir has a novel mechanism of action, the drug should have full activity against HIV strains that have developed resistance to other classes of antiretroviral medications. In a phase 2b study of treatment-experienced individuals, fostemsavir appeared to be well tolerated. Phase 3 studies are ongoing.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Flortaucipir (18F-AV-1451, also known as 18F-T807) is a highly selective positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agent targeting paired helical filament (PHF)-tau in the brain. This tracer is studying for clinical assessment in patients with various tauopathies, including Alzheimer's disease, as well as in healthy subjects.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Conditions:

Oliceridine (TRV-130) is a potent μ-opioid receptor agonist. In cell-based assays, TRV130 elicits robust G protein signaling, with potency and efficacy similar to morphine, but with far less β-arrestin recruitment and receptor internalization. In rodents, TRV130 is potently analgesic while causing less gastrointestinal dysfunction and respiratory suppression than morphine at equianalgesic doses. Oliceridine is being developed by Trevena for the first-line treatment of moderate-to-severe acute postoperative pain. Phase III development is underway for the treatment of postoperative pain in the US. Phase II development is underway for the treatment of acute pain in the US.
Ozanimod (previously known as RPC-1063) is a selective immune-inflammatory modulator of the G protein-coupled receptors sphingosine 1-phosphate 1 and 5, which are part of the sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor family. Treatment with S1P receptor modulators interferes with S1P signaling and blocks the response of lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) to exit signals from the lymph nodes, sequestering them within the nodes. The result is a downward modulation of circulating lymphocytes and anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting cell migration to sites of inflammation. Ozanimod is currently in phase III clinical trials for the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis (RMS) and ulcerative colitis, and also in phase II clinical trials to determine whether it is effective in the treatment of Crohn's disease.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Fluoroestradiol F-18 is a derivative of estradiol. where hydrogen at position 16 is replaced by radioactive fluorine. Fluoroestradiol F-18 is taken up by tumor cells, expression estrogen receptor, and it is clinically evaluated for PET imaging to detect and stage breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and cancer of uterine endometrium and myometrium.
Capmatinib (INC280, INCB028060), is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of the proto-oncogene c-Met (hepatocyte growth factor receptor [HGFR]) with potential antineoplastic activity. Novartis acquired Incyte's capmatinib, which is in Phase II clinical trial as monotherapy in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Capmatinib selectively binds to c-Met, thereby inhibiting c-Met phosphorylation and disrupting c-Met signal transduction pathways. This may induce cell death in tumor cells overexpressing c-Met protein or expressing constitutively activated c-Met protein. c-Met, a receptor tyrosine kinase overexpressed or mutated in many tumor cell types, plays key roles in tumor cell proliferation, survival, invasion, metastasis, and tumor angiogenesis.
Sodium artesunate, an artemisinin derivative, is used in malaria treatment. Artesunate, has been licensed in Thailand for the treatment of falciparum malaria since 1990. It is a potent antimalarial drug that can reduce parasitaemia by 90% within 24 h of administration. Sodium artesunate was first isolated in China, it is a water soluble antimalaria used clinically in China.
Osilodrostat (INN, USAN) (developmental code name LCI-699) is an orally active, non-steroidal corticosteroid biosynthesis inhibitor which is under development by Novartis for the treatment of Cushing's syndrome and pituitary ACTH hypersecretion (a specific subtype of Cushing's syndrome). Osilodrostat specifically acts as a potent and selective inhibitor of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) and at higher dosages of 11β-hydroxylase (CYP11B1). Osilodrostat decreases plasma and urinary aldosterone levels and rapidly corrects hypokalemia, in patients with primary aldosteronism and hypertension. At doses ≥1 mg o.d. Osilodrostat markedly increases 11-deoxycortisol plasma levels and blunts ACTH-stimulated cortisol release in ≈20% of patients, consistent with the inhibition of CYP11B1. In patients with resistant hypertension, Osilodrostat produces a non-significant reduction in blood pressure, possibly due to the increase in 11-deoxycortisol levels and the stimulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal feedback axis. Because of the lack of selectivity, poor antihypertensive effect, and short half-life, the development of Osilodrostat as antihypertensive was halted. As of 2017, Osilodrostat is in phase III and phase II clinical trials for the treatment of pituitary ACTH hypersecretion and Cushing's syndrome, respectively.