U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

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Showing 11 - 20 of 1726 results


Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Fluoroestradiol F-18 is a derivative of estradiol. where hydrogen at position 16 is replaced by radioactive fluorine. Fluoroestradiol F-18 is taken up by tumor cells, expression estrogen receptor, and it is clinically evaluated for PET imaging to detect and stage breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and cancer of uterine endometrium and myometrium.
Capmatinib (INC280, INCB028060), is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of the proto-oncogene c-Met (hepatocyte growth factor receptor [HGFR]) with potential antineoplastic activity. Novartis acquired Incyte's capmatinib, which is in Phase II clinical trial as monotherapy in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Capmatinib selectively binds to c-Met, thereby inhibiting c-Met phosphorylation and disrupting c-Met signal transduction pathways. This may induce cell death in tumor cells overexpressing c-Met protein or expressing constitutively activated c-Met protein. c-Met, a receptor tyrosine kinase overexpressed or mutated in many tumor cell types, plays key roles in tumor cell proliferation, survival, invasion, metastasis, and tumor angiogenesis.
Sodium artesunate, an artemisinin derivative, is used in malaria treatment. Artesunate, has been licensed in Thailand for the treatment of falciparum malaria since 1990. It is a potent antimalarial drug that can reduce parasitaemia by 90% within 24 h of administration. Sodium artesunate was first isolated in China, it is a water soluble antimalaria used clinically in China.
Osilodrostat (INN, USAN) (developmental code name LCI-699) is an orally active, non-steroidal corticosteroid biosynthesis inhibitor which is under development by Novartis for the treatment of Cushing's syndrome and pituitary ACTH hypersecretion (a specific subtype of Cushing's syndrome). Osilodrostat specifically acts as a potent and selective inhibitor of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) and at higher dosages of 11β-hydroxylase (CYP11B1). Osilodrostat decreases plasma and urinary aldosterone levels and rapidly corrects hypokalemia, in patients with primary aldosteronism and hypertension. At doses ≥1 mg o.d. Osilodrostat markedly increases 11-deoxycortisol plasma levels and blunts ACTH-stimulated cortisol release in ≈20% of patients, consistent with the inhibition of CYP11B1. In patients with resistant hypertension, Osilodrostat produces a non-significant reduction in blood pressure, possibly due to the increase in 11-deoxycortisol levels and the stimulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal feedback axis. Because of the lack of selectivity, poor antihypertensive effect, and short half-life, the development of Osilodrostat as antihypertensive was halted. As of 2017, Osilodrostat is in phase III and phase II clinical trials for the treatment of pituitary ACTH hypersecretion and Cushing's syndrome, respectively.
Selumetinib (AZD6244 or ARRY-142886) is a potent, selective, and ATP-uncompetitive inhibitor of Ras-Raf-mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK1/2). This inhibition can prevent ERK activation, disrupt downstream signal transduction, and inhibit cancer cell proliferation and survival. Selumetinib has shown tumour suppressive activity in multiple rodent models of human cancer including melanoma, pancreatic, colon, lung, and breast cancers. AstraZeneca is responsible for development and commercialization of selumetinib.
Lurbinectedin (PM-01183) - is a synthetic tetrahydropyrrolo [4, 3, 2-de]quinolin-8(1H)-one alkaloid analogue with potential antineoplastic activity. Lurbinectedin covalently binds to residues lying in the minor groove of DNA, which may result in delayed progression through S phase, cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase and cell death. Lurbinectedin is a novel anticancer agent currently undergoing late-stage (Phase II /III) clinical evaluation in platinum-resistant ovarian, BRCA1/2-mutated breast and small-cell lung cancer. Lurbinectedin is structurally related to trabectedin and it inhibits active transcription and the DNA repair machinery in tumour cells.
Blu-285 is a potent and selective inhibitor for hematologic malignancies with KIT Exon 17 Mutations. BLU-285 has demonstrated biochemical in vitro activity on the KIT exon-17 mutant enzyme, KIT D816V. Cellular activity of BLU-285 on KIT D816 mutants was measured by autophosphorylation in the human mast cell leukemia cell line HMC1.2, and the P815 mouse mastocytoma cell line with IC50= 4 and 22 nM, respectively. In vivo BLU-285 was well tolerated and has demonstrated dose-dependent antitumor efficacy. Complete tumor growth inhibition and ≥ 75% KIT kinase inhibition was observed with 10 mg/kg once daily, oral dosing of BLU-285 in the aggressive KIT exon 17 mutant driven P815 mastocytoma model grown as a solid tumor allograft as well as in a disseminated model of the disease. BLU-285 was also well tolerated in this in vivo model and had no adverse effects on body weight at either dose.
Tazemetostat (EPZ-6438) is a selective inhibitor of histone-lysine N-methyltransferase EZH2. The drug is under clinical development (phase II) for the treatment of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma, Malignant Mesothelioma and Synovial Sarcoma.

Showing 11 - 20 of 1726 results