U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

    {{facet.count}}
    {{facet.count}}

Showing 11 - 20 of 1957 results


Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Ponesimod is an experimental drug for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) graft-versus-host disease and psoriasis. It acts on certain types of white blood cells (lymphocytes) which are involved in the autoimmune attack on myelin seen in multiple sclerosis (MS). Ponesimod is an orally active, reversible, and selective sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor (S1PR1) modulator. The drug is in phase II clinical trial for the treatment of graft-versus-host disease. In addition, the phase III clinical trial comparing ponesimod to teriflunomide in relapsing-remitting MS is ongoing.
Tivozanib (formerly AV-951, KRN-951) is a potent and selective VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor and inhibits angiogenesis and vascular permeability in tumor tissues. It completed phase III a trial investigation for the treatment of renal cell carcinomas, but has not been still approved. In addition, this drug is in the phase II of clinical trial for the investigation it in patients with glioblastoma and colorectal carcinoma.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Prostamedix is a 68Ga-labeled ligand of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) for Prostate Cancer PET imaging. Because of the increased expression of PSMA in Prostate Cancer and its metastases, Prostamedix was reported to exhibit a favorable lesion-to-background ratio with high detection rates. Further studies evaluating Prostamedix showed substantially higher detection rates in patients with recurrent PC than reported for other imaging modalities, especially at low PSA values. The chelator HBED-CC (N,N'-bis-[2-hydroxy-5-(carboxyethyl)benzyl]ethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid), represents a hitherto rarely used acyclic complexing agent especially allowing efficient radiolabelling with 68Ga even at ambient temperature. By combining HBED-CC with the PSMA inhibitor Glu-urea-Lys, a favorable aromatic part is introduced into the radiotracer which was found to be a necessary requirement for sustainable interaction with the PSMA receptor, putatively with the accessory hydrophobic pocket of the PSMA
Nifurtimox is a nitrofuran derivative used as a primary agent in the treatment of American trypanosomiasis (Chagas' disease) caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, especially in the acute, early stage of the disease. The efficacy of nifurtimox in the treatment of chronic Chagas' disease varies from one country to another, possibly due to variation in the sensitivity of different strains of the organism. Nifurtimox has also been used to treat African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) and is active in the second stage of the disease (central nervous system involvement). When nifurtimox is given on its own, about half of all patients will relapse, but the combination of melarsoprol with nifurtimox appears to be efficacious. Nifurtimox forms a nitro-anion radical metabolite that reacts with nucleic acids of the parasite causing significant break down of DNA. Nifurtimox undergoes reduction and creates oxygen radicals such as superoxide. These radicals are toxic to T. cruzi. Mammalian cells are protected by the presence of catalase, glutathione, peroxidases, and superoxide dismutase. Accumulation of hydrogen peroxide to cytotoxic levels results in parasite death. Side effects occur following chronic administration, particularly in elderly people. Major toxicities include immediate hypersensitivities such as anaphylaxis and delayed hypersensitivity reaction involving icterus and dermatitis. Central nervous system disturbances and peripheral neuropathy may also occur.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Opicapone (Ongentys®), a potent, oral, third-generation, long-acting, peripheral catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor, is approved as the adjunctive treatment to levodopa (L-Dopa)/dopa-decarboxylase inhibitor (DDCI) therapy in adults with Parkinson's disease (PD) and end-of-dose motor fluctuations who cannot be stabilized on those combinations. Opicapone is a hydrophilic 1,2,4-oxadiazole analog with a pyridine N-oxide at position 3, with these modifications enhancing its potency and extending its duration of action, whilst avoiding cell toxicity. In preclinical animal studies, Opicapone-induced inhibition of peripheral (but not central) COMT activity was associated with a prolonged increase in systemic and central exposure to L-Dopa, with a corresponding reduction in 3-OMD exposure. Following single or multiple doses of Opicapone (5–1200 mg) in healthy adult volunteers or patients with PD, Opicapone inhibited COMT activity in ex vivo erythrocyte assays in a reversible dose-dependent manner, with the duration of Opicapone-induced COMT inhibition independent of dose. Adjunctive Opicapone was generally well tolerated during more than a year of treatment in BIPARK I and BIPARK II (double-blind plus extension phases). The recommended dosage is 50 mg once daily, which should be taken at bedtime at least 1 h before or after L-Dopa combinations.

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)


Remimazolam is an intravenous benzodiazepine sedative-hypnotic with rapid onset and offset of action. This compound undergoes organ-independent metabolism to an inactive metabolite. Like other benzodiazepines, remimazolam can be reversed with flumazenil to rapidly terminate sedation and anesthesia. Phase I and II clinical trials have shown that remimazolam is safe and effective when used for procedural sedation. Phase III clinical trials have been completed investigating efficacy and safety in patients undergoing bronchoscopy and colonoscopy. The developer of this drug has suggested that intensive care unit sedation (beyond 24 hours) could be another possible indication for further development, since it is unlikely that prolonged infusions or higher doses of remimazolam would result in accumulation and extended effect.
Selumetinib (AZD6244 or ARRY-142886) is a potent, selective, and ATP-uncompetitive inhibitor of Ras-Raf-mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK1/2). This inhibition can prevent ERK activation, disrupt downstream signal transduction, and inhibit cancer cell proliferation and survival. Selumetinib has shown tumour suppressive activity in multiple rodent models of human cancer including melanoma, pancreatic, colon, lung, and breast cancers. AstraZeneca is responsible for development and commercialization of selumetinib.
Lonafarnib is a well-characterized, late-stage, orally active inhibitor of farnesyl transferase, an enzyme involved in modification of proteins through a process called prenylation. It is Investigated for use/treatment in Progeria, Cancer, Hepatitis D. Lonafarnib completely inhibits Rheb prenylation and phosphorylation of S6 ribosomal protein in cell culture, indicating a lack of alternative Rheb prenylation. Other groups have demonstrated that inhibition of protein synthesis via inactivation of eukaryotic elongation factor (eEF2) could be an alternate mechanism of lonafarnib induced growth inhibition that is independent of RAS/p70S6K eEF. Adverse effects included fatigue, diarrhea, dyspnea and neutropenia and respiratory insufficiency.

Showing 11 - 20 of 1957 results