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Details

Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Molecular Formula C17H19NO3
Molecular Weight 285.3377
Optical Activity NONE
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 2
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of PIPERINE

SMILES

O=C(\C=C\C=C\C1=CC2=C(OCO2)C=C1)N3CCCCC3

InChI

InChIKey=MXXWOMGUGJBKIW-YPCIICBESA-N
InChI=1S/C17H19NO3/c19-17(18-10-4-1-5-11-18)7-3-2-6-14-8-9-15-16(12-14)21-13-20-15/h2-3,6-9,12H,1,4-5,10-11,13H2/b6-2+,7-3+

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C17H19NO3
Molecular Weight 285.3377
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 2
Optical Activity NONE

Description
Curator's Comment: Description was created based on several sources, including https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23625885

Piperine is a simple and pungent alkaloid found in the seeds of black pepper (Piper nigrum). Following its isolation and full characterization, the biological properties of piperine have been extensively studied, and piperine-like derivatives have shown an interesting range of pharmacological activities. Piperine is currently paving its way to become a privileged scaffold for the development of bioactive compounds with therapeutic application in multiple human diseases. In particular, piperine derivatives were shown to modulate the activity of several targets related to neurological disorders, including epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, depression and pain related disorders. Moreover, the efflux pump inhibitory ability of piperine and its analogues tackles important drug resistance mechanisms and may improve the clinical efficacy of antibiotic and anticancer drugs. Piperine has been found to have immunomodulatory, anti-oxidant, anti-asthmatic, anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, and anti-amoebic properties.

CNS Activity

Curator's Comment: Blood-brain barrier penetrant and CNS active

Originator

Curator's Comment: Piperine was discovered in 1819, when Hans Christian Ørsted isolated it from the fruits of the source plant of black and white pepper, piper nigrum. Piperine's chemical constitution was established by laboritory synthesis in 1882 and 1894.

Approval Year

TargetsConditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Primary
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Palliative
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Screening of the inhibitory effect of vegetable constituents on the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-mediated activity induced by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.
2003 Dec
Inhibition of MAO A and B by some plant-derived alkaloids, phenols and anthraquinones.
2004 Apr
Effects of xenobiotics and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha on the human UDPglucose dehydrogenase gene expression.
2005
Prediction of estrogen receptor agonists and characterization of associated molecular descriptors by statistical learning methods.
2006 Nov
Antioxidant effects of a Rhodobryum roseum extract and its active components in isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury in rats and cardiac myocytes against oxidative stress-triggered damage.
2009 Jan
Small molecule activators of the Nrf2-HO-1 antioxidant axis modulate heme metabolism and inflammation in BV2 microglia cells.
2013 Oct
Piperine blocks interleukin-2-driven cell cycle progression in CTLL-2 T lymphocytes by inhibiting multiple signal transduction pathways.
2015 Apr 2
Screening of a chemical library reveals novel PXR-activating pharmacologic compounds.
2015 Jan 5
Patents

Sample Use Guides

A single dose of Piperine 20 mg was administered daily for 10 days
Route of Administration: Oral
Piperine inhibited the proliferation of SW480 and HT-29 cells in a dose-dependent manner, it had low cytotoxicity on these cell lines with 50 % inhibiting concentration (IC50) values greater than 100 uM. Pretreatment of the cells with 40 uM piperine for 1 h significantly inhibited the mRNA production of CXCL8 in response to LPS stimulation in SW480 and HT-29 cells.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
Edited
by admin
on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
Record UNII
U71XL721QK
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
PIPERINE
FHFI   INCI   MI   USP-RS   WHO-DD  
INCI  
Official Name English
PIPERINE [FHFI]
Common Name English
NSC-21727
Code English
PIPERINE [INCI]
Common Name English
PIPERINE [USP-RS]
Common Name English
BIOPERINE
Common Name English
PIPERINE (CONSTITUENT OF BLACK PEPPER) [DSC]
Common Name English
(E,E)-1-(5-(1,3-BENZODIOXOL-5-YL)-2,4-PENTADIENOYL)PIPERIDINE
Systematic Name English
PIPERINE [MI]
Common Name English
(2E,4E)-5-(Benzo[d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)-1-(piperidin-1-yl)penta-2,4-dien-1-one
Systematic Name English
FEMA NO. 2909
Code English
PIPERIDINE, 1-(5-(1,3-BENZODIOXOL-5-YL)-1-OXO-2,4-PENTADIENYL)-, (E,E)-
Common Name English
Piperine [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
DSLD 2372 (Number of products:123)
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
NCI_THESAURUS C257
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
JECFA EVALUATION PIPERINE
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
EPA PESTICIDE CODE 43501
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
CFR 21 CFR 172.515
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
Code System Code Type Description
PUBCHEM
638024
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
NCI_THESAURUS
C72629
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
U71XL721QK
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
CHEBI
28821
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB35136
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
MERCK INDEX
m8854
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY Merck Index
EPA CompTox
DTXSID3021805
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
DAILYMED
U71XL721QK
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
CAS
94-62-2
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
DRUG BANK
DB12582
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
MESH
C008922
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
WIKIPEDIA
PIPERINE
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
ChEMBL
CHEMBL43185
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
RS_ITEM_NUM
1543200
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
SMS_ID
100000128291
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
NSC
21727
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
JECFA MONOGRAPH
1589
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
RXCUI
1311146
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY RxNorm
GRAS Notification (GRN No.)
474
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
202-348-0
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:58:56 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
Related Record Type Details
DERIVATIVE -> PARENT
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