U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

Details

Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Molecular Formula C27H29NO10.ClH
Molecular Weight 563.981
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED
Defined Stereocenters 6 / 6
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE

SMILES

Cl.[H][C@@]1(C[C@@](O)(CC2=C(O)C3=C(C(=O)C4=C(C=CC=C4OC)C3=O)C(O)=C12)C(C)=O)O[C@H]5C[C@H](N)[C@H](O)[C@H](C)O5

InChI

InChIKey=GUGHGUXZJWAIAS-QQYBVWGSSA-N
InChI=1S/C27H29NO10.ClH/c1-10-22(30)14(28)7-17(37-10)38-16-9-27(35,11(2)29)8-13-19(16)26(34)21-20(24(13)32)23(31)12-5-4-6-15(36-3)18(12)25(21)33;/h4-6,10,14,16-17,22,30,32,34-35H,7-9,28H2,1-3H3;1H/t10-,14-,16-,17-,22+,27-;/m0./s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula ClH
Molecular Weight 36.461
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Molecular Formula C27H29NO10
Molecular Weight 527.5199
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 6 / 6
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED

Description
Curator's Comment: description was created based on several sources, including https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22260166 | https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7932544 | https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13146115 | https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2010/050467s070lbl.pdf

Daunorubicin, also known as daunomycin, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat cancer. Specifically, it is used for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), and Kaposi's sarcoma. Similar to doxorubicin, daunorubicin interacts with DNA by intercalation and inhibition of macromolecular biosynthesis. This inhibits the progression of the enzyme topoisomerase II, which relaxes supercoils in DNA for transcription. Daunorubicin stabilizes the topoisomerase II complex after it has broken the DNA chain for replication, preventing the DNA double helix from being resealed and thereby stopping the process of replication. On binding to DNA, daunomycin intercalates, with its daunosamine residue directed toward the minor groove. It has the highest preference for two adjacent G/C base pairs flanked on the 5' side by an A/T base pair. Daunorubicin should only be administered in a rapid intravenous infusion. It should not be administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously, since it may cause extensive tissue necrosis. It should also never be administered intrathecally (into the spinal canal), as this will cause extensive damage to the nervous system and may lead to death.

Approval Year

TargetsConditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Primary
CERUBIDINE

Approved Use

Daunorubicin hydrochloride injection in combination with other approved anticancer drugs is indicated for remission induction in acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (myelogenous, monocytic, erythroid) of adults and for remission induction in acute lymphocytic leukemia of children and adults.

Launch Date

3.14409615E11
Primary
CERUBIDINE

Approved Use

Daunorubicin hydrochloride injection in combination with other approved anticancer drugs is indicated for remission induction in acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (myelogenous, monocytic, erythroid) of adults and for remission induction in acute lymphocytic leukemia of children and adults.

Launch Date

3.14409615E11
Primary
CERUBIDINE

Approved Use

Daunorubicin hydrochloride injection in combination with other approved anticancer drugs is indicated for remission induction in acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (myelogenous, monocytic, erythroid) of adults and for remission induction in acute lymphocytic leukemia of children and adults.

Launch Date

3.14409615E11
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
26 μg/mL
44 mg/m² 1 times / 2 days multiple, intravenous
dose: 44 mg/m²
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: MULTIPLE
co-administered: Cytarabine
DAUNORUBICIN plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
AUC

AUC

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
637 μg × h/mL
44 mg/m² 1 times / 2 days multiple, intravenous
dose: 44 mg/m²
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: MULTIPLE
co-administered: Cytarabine
DAUNORUBICIN plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
31.5 h
44 mg/m² 1 times / 2 days multiple, intravenous
dose: 44 mg/m²
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: MULTIPLE
co-administered: Cytarabine
DAUNORUBICIN plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
Funbound

Funbound

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
3%
DAUNORUBICIN plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNKNOWN
age: UNKNOWN
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
Doses

Doses

DosePopulationAdverse events​
190 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Highest studied dose
Dose: 190 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 190 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
unhealthy, 10
n = 6
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 10
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 6
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
DLT: Neutropenia, Leucopenia...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Neutropenia (grade 4, 100%)
Leucopenia (grade 4, 100%)
Thrombocytopenia (grade 4, 16.7%)
Anemia (grade 4, 16.7%)
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
155 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 155 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 155 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
unhealthy, 10
n = 6
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 10
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 6
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
DLT: Neutropenia, Leucopenia...
Disc. AE: Cardiac failure...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Neutropenia (grade 4, 100%)
Leucopenia (grade 4, 50%)
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Cardiac failure (grade 5, 16.7%)
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
50 mg/m2 1 times / 4 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Sources: Page: p.11
unhealthy, 27-87
n = 239
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian Cancer
Age Group: 27-87
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 239
Sources: Page: p.11
Disc. AE: Skin toxicity...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Skin toxicity (4.2%)
Sources: Page: p.11
20 mg/m2 1 times / 2 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 20 mg/m2, 1 times / 2 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 20 mg/m2, 1 times / 2 weeks
Sources: Page: p.11
unhealthy, 38.7
n = 705
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma
Age Group: 38.7
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 705
Sources: Page: p.11
Disc. AE: Skin eruption...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Skin eruption (0.9%)
Sources: Page: p.11
80 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 80 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 80 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Co-administed with::
vincristine, i.v(1.4 mg/m2, day 1)
dexamethasone, p.o(40 mg/day, days 1–4 and 9–12)
Sources: Page: p.795
unhealthy, 60
n = 3
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Multiple myeloma
Age Group: 60
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 3
Sources: Page: p.795
100 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Studied dose
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Co-administed with::
vincristine, i.v(1.4 mg/m2, day 1)
dexamethasone, p.o(40 mg/day, days 1–4 and 9–12)
Sources: Page: p.795
unhealthy, 60
n = 3
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Multiple myeloma
Age Group: 60
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 3
Sources: Page: p.795
DLT: Acute diverticular perforation...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Acute diverticular perforation
Sources: Page: p.795
100 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Studied dose
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Co-administed with::
dexamethasone, p.o(40 mg/day, days 1–4)
Sources: Page: p.2648
unhealthy, 63
n = 38
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Multiple myeloma
Age Group: 63
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 38
Sources: Page: p.2648
Disc. AE: Ejection fraction decreased, Prolonged neutropenia...
Other AEs: Granulocytopenia, Thrombocytopenia...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Ejection fraction decreased (5.3%)
Prolonged neutropenia (2.6%)
Other AEs:
Granulocytopenia (grade 4, 21%)
Thrombocytopenia (grade 4, 8%)
Febrile neutropenia (grade 4, 11%)
Sources: Page: p.2648
50 mg/m2 1 times / 4 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian Cancer
Sources: Page: p.1
Disc. AE: Infusion related reaction, Myelosuppression...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Infusion related reaction (acute)
Myelosuppression (severe)
Cardiotoxicity
Congestive heart failure
Hepatic impairment
Reaction anaphylactic anaphylactoid (grade 3-5)
Sources: Page: p.1
AEs

AEs

AESignificanceDosePopulation
Leucopenia grade 4, 100%
DLT
190 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Highest studied dose
Dose: 190 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 190 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
unhealthy, 10
n = 6
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 10
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 6
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
Neutropenia grade 4, 100%
DLT
190 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Highest studied dose
Dose: 190 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 190 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
unhealthy, 10
n = 6
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 10
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 6
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
Anemia grade 4, 16.7%
DLT
190 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Highest studied dose
Dose: 190 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 190 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
unhealthy, 10
n = 6
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 10
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 6
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
Thrombocytopenia grade 4, 16.7%
DLT
190 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Highest studied dose
Dose: 190 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 190 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
unhealthy, 10
n = 6
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 10
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 6
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
Neutropenia grade 4, 100%
DLT
155 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 155 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 155 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
unhealthy, 10
n = 6
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 10
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 6
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
Leucopenia grade 4, 50%
DLT
155 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 155 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 155 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
unhealthy, 10
n = 6
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 10
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 6
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
Cardiac failure grade 5, 16.7%
Disc. AE
155 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 155 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 155 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
unhealthy, 10
n = 6
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 10
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 6
Sources: Page: p.573, 575
Skin toxicity 4.2%
Disc. AE
50 mg/m2 1 times / 4 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Sources: Page: p.11
unhealthy, 27-87
n = 239
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian Cancer
Age Group: 27-87
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 239
Sources: Page: p.11
Skin eruption 0.9%
Disc. AE
20 mg/m2 1 times / 2 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 20 mg/m2, 1 times / 2 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 20 mg/m2, 1 times / 2 weeks
Sources: Page: p.11
unhealthy, 38.7
n = 705
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma
Age Group: 38.7
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 705
Sources: Page: p.11
Acute diverticular perforation DLT, Disc. AE
100 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Studied dose
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Co-administed with::
vincristine, i.v(1.4 mg/m2, day 1)
dexamethasone, p.o(40 mg/day, days 1–4 and 9–12)
Sources: Page: p.795
unhealthy, 60
n = 3
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Multiple myeloma
Age Group: 60
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 3
Sources: Page: p.795
Prolonged neutropenia 2.6%
Disc. AE
100 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Studied dose
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Co-administed with::
dexamethasone, p.o(40 mg/day, days 1–4)
Sources: Page: p.2648
unhealthy, 63
n = 38
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Multiple myeloma
Age Group: 63
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 38
Sources: Page: p.2648
Ejection fraction decreased 5.3%
Disc. AE
100 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Studied dose
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Co-administed with::
dexamethasone, p.o(40 mg/day, days 1–4)
Sources: Page: p.2648
unhealthy, 63
n = 38
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Multiple myeloma
Age Group: 63
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 38
Sources: Page: p.2648
Febrile neutropenia grade 4, 11%
100 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Studied dose
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Co-administed with::
dexamethasone, p.o(40 mg/day, days 1–4)
Sources: Page: p.2648
unhealthy, 63
n = 38
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Multiple myeloma
Age Group: 63
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 38
Sources: Page: p.2648
Granulocytopenia grade 4, 21%
100 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Studied dose
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Co-administed with::
dexamethasone, p.o(40 mg/day, days 1–4)
Sources: Page: p.2648
unhealthy, 63
n = 38
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Multiple myeloma
Age Group: 63
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 38
Sources: Page: p.2648
Thrombocytopenia grade 4, 8%
100 mg/m2 1 times / 3 weeks multiple, intravenous
Studied dose
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / 3 weeks
Co-administed with::
dexamethasone, p.o(40 mg/day, days 1–4)
Sources: Page: p.2648
unhealthy, 63
n = 38
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Multiple myeloma
Age Group: 63
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 38
Sources: Page: p.2648
Cardiotoxicity Disc. AE
50 mg/m2 1 times / 4 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian Cancer
Sources: Page: p.1
Congestive heart failure Disc. AE
50 mg/m2 1 times / 4 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian Cancer
Sources: Page: p.1
Hepatic impairment Disc. AE
50 mg/m2 1 times / 4 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian Cancer
Sources: Page: p.1
Infusion related reaction acute
Disc. AE
50 mg/m2 1 times / 4 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian Cancer
Sources: Page: p.1
Reaction anaphylactic anaphylactoid grade 3-5
Disc. AE
50 mg/m2 1 times / 4 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian Cancer
Sources: Page: p.1
Myelosuppression severe
Disc. AE
50 mg/m2 1 times / 4 weeks multiple, intravenous
Recommended
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg/m2, 1 times / 4 weeks
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian Cancer
Sources: Page: p.1
Overview

Overview

CYP3A4CYP2C9CYP2D6hERG

OverviewOther

Other InhibitorOther SubstrateOther Inducer



Drug as perpetrator​

Drug as perpetrator​

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
yes [IC50 203 uM]
yes [Ki 49.4 uM]
yes
Drug as victim

Drug as victim

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
yes
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Myocardial injury produced by antineoplastic drugs.
1975
The cardiotoxicity of adriamycin and daunomycin in children.
1976 Feb
Daunorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.
1976 Mar
HIV-1 and HIV-2 reverse transcriptases: a comparative study of sensitivity to inhibition by selected natural products.
1992 May 29
Bradycardia due to anthracyclines.
1992 Oct 3
Characterisation of multidrug-resistant Ehrlich ascites tumour cells selected in vivo for resistance to etoposide.
2000 Aug 1
Low-dose daunorubicin in induction treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: no long-term cardiac damage in a randomized study of the Dutch Childhood Leukemia Study Group.
2000 Jul
Chest and back pain associated with a six-hour infusion of liposomal daunorubicin.
2000 Jun
Anthracycline induced cardiomyopathy: successful treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors.
2000 May
[Severe hemolysis and SIADH-like symptoms induced by vincristine in an ALL patient with liver cirrhosis].
2000 Nov
Palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome associated with liposomal daunorubicin.
2000 Oct
Prevention by dexrazoxane of down-regulation of ryanodine receptor gene expression in anthracycline cardiomyopathy in the rat.
2000 Sep
Pharmacokinetics of liposomal daunorubicin (DaunoXome) during a phase I-II study in children with relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
2001
Phase II trial of liposomal daunorubicin in malignant pleural mesothelioma.
2001 Apr
Liposomal anthracyclines for breast cancer.
2001 Aug
Inhibitory effects of CYP3A4 substrates and their metabolites on P-glycoprotein-mediated transport.
2001 Feb
Fractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, liposomal daunorubicin (daunoXome), and dexamethasone (hyperCVXD) regimen in Richter's syndrome.
2001 Jul
High-dose liposomal daunorubicin and high-dose cytarabine combination in patients with refractory or relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia.
2001 Jul 1
NTPase/helicase of Flaviviridae: inhibitors and inhibition of the enzyme.
2002
Effect of aging on cardiac contractility in a rat model of chronic daunorubicin cardiotoxicity.
2002
Correlation of histopathological and biochemical appraisal of anthracyclin-induced myocardium damage.
2002
Effects of dietary lipids on daunomycin-induced nephropathy in mice: comparison between cod liver oil and soybean oil.
2002 Apr
Comparison of idarubicin and daunorubicin regarding intracellular uptake, induction of apoptosis, and resistance.
2002 Apr 25
Liposomal daunorubicin (DaunoXome) for treatment of poor-risk acute leukemia.
2002 Aug
Comparative study of chronic toxic effects of daunorubicin and doxorubicin in rabbits.
2002 Dec
Comparison of anthracycline-induced death of human leukemia cells: programmed cell death versus necrosis.
2002 Dec
Determination of free and liposome-associated daunorubicin and daunorubicinol in plasma by capillary electrophoresis.
2002 Dec 6
Role of exogenous melatonin in reducing the cardiotoxic effect of daunorubicin and doxorubicin in the rat.
2002 Feb
Safety and early efficacy assessment of liposomal daunorubicin (DaunoXome) in adults with refractory or relapsed acute myeloblastic leukaemia: a phase I-II study.
2002 Feb
A phase I dose-escalating study of DaunoXome, liposomal daunorubicin, in metastatic breast cancer.
2002 Jul 1
Resistance of bcr-abl-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia to daunorubicin is not mediated by mdr1 gene expression.
2002 Nov
Liposomal daunorubicin (DaunoXome) for treatment of relapsed meningeal acute myeloid leukemia.
2002 Sep
Disposition of liposomal daunorubicin during cotreatment with cytarabine in patients with leukaemia.
2003
High-dose daunorubicin as liposomal compound (Daunoxome) in elderly patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
2003
Multiple alterations of canalicular membrane transport activities in rats with CCl(4)-induced hepatic injury.
2003 Apr
Impact of neutropenia on delivering planned adjuvant chemotherapy: UK audit of primary breast cancer patients.
2003 Dec 1
Vincristine neurotoxicity in the presence of hereditary neuropathy.
2003 Jan
Safety of high-dose liposomal daunorubicin (daunoxome) for refractory or relapsed acute myeloblastic leukaemia.
2003 Jul
Daunorubicin-induced variations in gene transcription: commitment to proliferation arrest, senescence and apoptosis.
2003 Jun 15
The dose related effect of steroids on blast reduction rate and event free survival in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
2003 Mar
Efficacy and toxicity of liposomal daunorubicin included in PVABEC regimen for aggressive NHL of the elderly.
2003 Mar
Cloning and functional characterization of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1/ABCC1) from the cynomolgus monkey.
2003 Mar
From conventional to stealth liposomes: a new frontier in cancer chemotherapy.
2003 May-Jun
Cardiac troponin T as an indicator of reduced left ventricular contractility in experimental anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy.
2003 Nov
Liposomal daunorubicin (DaunoXome) in multiple myeloma: a modified VAD regimen using short-term infusion.
2003 Nov
Neurotoxicity of intrathecal methotrexate: MR imaging findings.
2003 Oct
Population pharmacokinetics of liposomal daunorubicin in children.
2003 Oct
Pilot study of gemtuzumab ozogamicin, liposomal daunorubicin, cytarabine and cyclosporine regimen in patients with refractory acute myelogenous leukemia.
2003 Oct
Potentiation of tumour apoptosis by human growth hormone via glutathione production and decreased NF-kappaB activity.
2003 Sep 15
Human intestinal absorption of imidacloprid with Caco-2 cells as enterocyte model.
2004 Jan 1
Patents

Sample Use Guides

Usual Adult Dose for Acute Nonlymphocytic Leukemia: Under 60 years of age: 45 mg/m2 IV over 2 to 5 minutes once a day on days 1, 2, and 3 for the first course and on days 1 and 2 for subsequent courses) with cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) intravenously once a day (usually for 7 days for the first course and 5 days for subsequent courses) as remission induction therapy.
Route of Administration: Intravenous
In order to determine the viability of HL-60, K562, THP-1, and HEK293T cells, they were trypsinized, counted, and seeded into 96-well plates and were treated with serial dilutions (0.0001, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1 mkM) of DNR (Daunorubicin). Cell viability was determined 48 h after DNR treatment using the luminescent cell viability assay (Promega) through luminescence testing by BMG NOVOstar machine.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
Edited
by admin
on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
Record UNII
UD984I04LZ
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE
EP   MART.   MI   ORANGE BOOK   USAN   USP   USP-RS   VANDF   WHO-DD  
USAN  
Official Name English
(1S,3S)-3-ACETYL-1,2,3,4,6,11-HEXAHYDRO-3,5,12-TRIHYDROXY-10-METHOXY-6,11-DIOXO-1-NAPHTHACENYL 3-AMINO-2,3,6-TRIDEOXY-.ALPHA.-L-LYXO-HEXOPYRANOSIDE HYDROCHLORIDE
Common Name English
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [USP IMPURITY]
Common Name English
DAUNORUBICIN HCL
Common Name English
RP 13057 HYDROCHLORIDE
Code English
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [VANDF]
Common Name English
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [MART.]
Common Name English
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [USAN]
Common Name English
DAUNORUBICIN (AS HYDROCHLORIDE)
Common Name English
NDC 0082-4155
Code English
5,12-NAPHTHACENEDIONE, 8-ACETYL-10-((3-AMINO-2,3,6-TRIDEOXY-.ALPHA.-L-LYXO-HEXOPYRANOSYL))OXY)-7,8,9,10-TETRAHYDRO-6,8,11-TRIHYDROXY-1-METHOXY-, (8S-CIS)-, HYDROCHLORIDE
Common Name English
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [MI]
Common Name English
NSC-82151
Code English
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [USP MONOGRAPH]
Common Name English
Daunorubicin hydrochloride [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
RP-13057 HYDROCHLORIDE
Code English
FI-6339 HYDROCHLORIDE
Code English
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [JAN]
Common Name English
CERUBIDINE
Brand Name English
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [ORANGE BOOK]
Common Name English
FI 6339 HYDROCHLORIDE
Code English
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [USP-RS]
Common Name English
DAUNORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [EP MONOGRAPH]
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
NCI_THESAURUS C1594
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
Code System Code Type Description
MERCK INDEX
M4104
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY Merck Index
EPA CompTox
DTXSID0033382
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
NSC
82151
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
ChEMBL
CHEMBL178
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
DAILYMED
UD984I04LZ
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
245-723-4
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
RXCUI
81992
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY RxNorm
NCI_THESAURUS
C1583
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
62770
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
RS_ITEM_NUM
1164700
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
CAS
23541-50-6
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
SMS_ID
100000092148
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB01556MIG
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
DRUG BANK
DBSALT000665
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
UD984I04LZ
Created by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Wed Jul 05 22:37:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
Related Record Type Details
PARENT -> SALT/SOLVATE
Related Record Type Details
IMPURITY -> PARENT
CHROMATOGRAPHIC PURITY (HPLC/UV)
EP
IMPURITY -> PARENT
CHROMATOGRAPHIC PURITY (HPLC/UV)
EP
IMPURITY -> PARENT
CHROMATOGRAPHIC PURITY (HPLC/UV)
EP
IMPURITY -> PARENT
CHROMATOGRAPHIC PURITY (HPLC/UV)
EP
IMPURITY -> PARENT
CHROMATOGRAPHIC PURITY (HPLC/UV)
EP
IMPURITY -> PARENT
CHROMATOGRAPHIC PURITY (HPLC/UV)
EP
Related Record Type Details
ACTIVE MOIETY