U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

Details

Stereochemistry RACEMIC
Molecular Formula 2C9H13NO.H2O4S
Molecular Weight 400.49
Optical Activity ( + / - )
Defined Stereocenters 4 / 4
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of PHENYLPROPANOLAMINE SULFATE

SMILES

OS(O)(=O)=O.C[C@H](N)[C@H](O)C1=CC=CC=C1.C[C@H](N)[C@H](O)C2=CC=CC=C2

InChI

InChIKey=QSGAFDSLNHRMIQ-SMBKYJPPSA-N
InChI=1S/2C9H13NO.H2O4S/c2*1-7(10)9(11)8-5-3-2-4-6-8;1-5(2,3)4/h2*2-7,9,11H,10H2,1H3;(H2,1,2,3,4)/t2*7-,9-;/m00./s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula H2O4S
Molecular Weight 98.078
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Molecular Formula C9H13NO
Molecular Weight 151.2056
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 2 / 2
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED

Description
Curator's Comment: Description was created based on several sources, including http://www.druginfosys.com/drug.aspx?drugcode=569&type=1 | https://www.drugs.com/dosage/phenylpropanolamine.html | https://www.petcarerx.com/medication-guides/about-the-proin-dosage-for-urinary-incontinence/1086?page=all | https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2014/02/20/2014-03596/phenylpropanolamine-withdrawal-of-approval-of-13-new-drug-applications-and-7-abbreviated-new-drug

(+)-Phenylpropanolamine is an enantiomer of propanolamine. The substance has low adrenergic activity and exerts measurable physiological effect only at high doses, which were lethal to experimental animals tested. Phenylpropanolamine belongs to the sympathomimetic amine class of drugs and is structurally related to ephedrine. The effects of phenylpropanolamine are largely the result of alpha-adrenergic agonist activity resulting from both direct stimulation of adrenergic receptors and release of neuronal norepinephrine. Phenylpropanolamine containing products has been withdrawn by FDA due to the association of phenylpropanolamine use with increased risk of hemorrhagic stroke.

Originator

Sources: C. Mannich and W. Jacobsohn, Ber., 43, 189 (1910).
Curator's Comment: reference retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0099542808601719?via%3Dihub

Approval Year

TargetsConditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Primary
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
PHENYLPROPANOLAMINE

Approved Use

Phenylpropanolamine (HCl) is mainly used as a nasal decongestant. Phenylpropanolamine (HCl) is also used as anorexiant in obesity
Primary
PHENYLPROPANOLAMINE

Approved Use

Phenylpropanolamine (HCl) is mainly used as a nasal decongestant. Phenylpropanolamine (HCl) is also used as anorexiant in obesity
Primary
CODAMINE

Approved Use

Unknown

Launch Date

9.700992E11
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
107 ng/mL
25 mg single, oral
dose: 25 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
PHENYLPROPANOLAMINE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
AUC

AUC

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
1104 ng × h/mL
25 mg single, oral
dose: 25 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
PHENYLPROPANOLAMINE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
4 h
25 mg single, oral
dose: 25 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
PHENYLPROPANOLAMINE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
Doses

Doses

DosePopulationAdverse events​
225 mg single, oral
Overdose
Dose: 225 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 225 mg
Co-administed with::
brompheniramine, p.o(36 mg, single)
Sources: Page: p.825
healthy, 14
n = 1
Health Status: healthy
Age Group: 14
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.825
Disc. AE: Cardiomyopathy...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Cardiomyopathy
Sources: Page: p.825
25 mg 2 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 25 mg, 2 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 25 mg, 2 times / day
Sources: Page: p.100
healthy, 25
n = 1
Health Status: healthy
Condition: Weight control
Age Group: 25
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.100
Disc. AE: Myocardial infarction...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Myocardial infarction
Sources: Page: p.100
2000 mg single, oral
Overdose
Dose: 2000 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 2000 mg
Co-administed with::
caffeine, p.o(8 g, single)
Sources: Page: p.52
unhealthy, 31
n = 1
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Schizophrenia
Age Group: 31
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.52
Disc. AE: Vomiting, Hypertension...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Vomiting
Hypertension
Sources: Page: p.52
150 mg single, oral
Recommended
Dose: 150 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 150 mg
Co-administed with::
caffeine, p.o(280 mg, single)
Sources: Page: p.510
healthy, 56
n = 1
Health Status: healthy
Condition: Weight control
Age Group: 56
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.510
Disc. AE: Headache, Vomiting...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Headache (severe)
Vomiting
Intracranial hemorrhage
Sources: Page: p.510
AEs

AEs

AESignificanceDosePopulation
Cardiomyopathy Disc. AE
225 mg single, oral
Overdose
Dose: 225 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 225 mg
Co-administed with::
brompheniramine, p.o(36 mg, single)
Sources: Page: p.825
healthy, 14
n = 1
Health Status: healthy
Age Group: 14
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.825
Myocardial infarction Disc. AE
25 mg 2 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 25 mg, 2 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 25 mg, 2 times / day
Sources: Page: p.100
healthy, 25
n = 1
Health Status: healthy
Condition: Weight control
Age Group: 25
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.100
Hypertension Disc. AE
2000 mg single, oral
Overdose
Dose: 2000 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 2000 mg
Co-administed with::
caffeine, p.o(8 g, single)
Sources: Page: p.52
unhealthy, 31
n = 1
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Schizophrenia
Age Group: 31
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.52
Vomiting Disc. AE
2000 mg single, oral
Overdose
Dose: 2000 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 2000 mg
Co-administed with::
caffeine, p.o(8 g, single)
Sources: Page: p.52
unhealthy, 31
n = 1
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Schizophrenia
Age Group: 31
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.52
Intracranial hemorrhage Disc. AE
150 mg single, oral
Recommended
Dose: 150 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 150 mg
Co-administed with::
caffeine, p.o(280 mg, single)
Sources: Page: p.510
healthy, 56
n = 1
Health Status: healthy
Condition: Weight control
Age Group: 56
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.510
Vomiting Disc. AE
150 mg single, oral
Recommended
Dose: 150 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 150 mg
Co-administed with::
caffeine, p.o(280 mg, single)
Sources: Page: p.510
healthy, 56
n = 1
Health Status: healthy
Condition: Weight control
Age Group: 56
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.510
Headache severe
Disc. AE
150 mg single, oral
Recommended
Dose: 150 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 150 mg
Co-administed with::
caffeine, p.o(280 mg, single)
Sources: Page: p.510
healthy, 56
n = 1
Health Status: healthy
Condition: Weight control
Age Group: 56
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.510
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Nifedipine therapy of phenylpropanolamine-induced hypertension.
1987 Feb
Phenylpropanolamine-induced psychosis. Potential predisposing factors.
1994 Sep
Dystonic reaction following recommended use of a cold syrup.
1995 Dec
[Cerebral hemorrhage associated with the use of phenylpropanolamine. Clinical cases].
1996 Dec
The overactive bladder in children: a potential future indication for tolterodine.
2001 Apr
Tolterodine once-daily: superior efficacy and tolerability in the treatment of the overactive bladder.
2001 Mar
Tolterodine: an overview.
2001 Nov
Effect of tolterodine on the anticoagulant actions and pharmacokinetics of single-dose warfarin in healthy volunteers.
2002
Maternal medication use and risks of gastroschisis and small intestinal atresia.
2002 Jan 1
Don't be so quick to ban medications.
2002 Jan 8
Implementation of the Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act of 1996; regulation of pseudoephedrine, phenylpropanolamine, and combination ephedrine drug products and reports of certain transactions to nonregulated persons. Final rule.
2002 Mar 28
Different responses to drugs against overactive bladder in detrusor muscle of pig, guinea pig and mouse.
2002 Nov 1
A randomized controlled trial of tolterodine and oxybutynin on tolerability and clinical efficacy for treating Chinese women with an overactive bladder.
2002 Sep
Both alpha1-adrenergic and D(1)-dopaminergic neurotransmissions are involved in phenylpropanolamine-mediated feeding suppression in mice.
2003 Aug 21
Simplified bladder training augments the effectiveness of tolterodine in patients with an overactive bladder.
2003 Jan
Use of Ephedra-containing products and risk for hemorrhagic stroke.
2003 Jan 14
Intracellular signaling pathways for norepinephrine- and endothelin-1-mediated regulation of myocardial cell apoptosis.
2004 Apr
Cerebral infarcts in a pediatric patient secondary to phenylpropanolamine, a recalled medication.
2004 Apr
Intramolecular chiral relay at stereogenic nitrogen. Synthesis and application of a new chiral auxiliary derived from (1R,2S)-norephedrine and acetone.
2004 Feb 6
Examination of aqueous oxidized cellulose dispersions as a potential drug carrier. I. Preparation and characterization of oxidized cellulose-phenylpropanolamine complexes.
2004 Oct 8
A validated chiral HPLC method for the enantiomeric separation of tolterodine tartarate.
2004 Sep 3
Tolterodine for the treatment of overactive bladder: a review.
2005 Apr
Antimuscarinic agents exhibit local inhibitory effects on muscarinic receptors in bladder-afferent pathways.
2005 Feb
[Therapy of bladder weakness].
2005 Jan 21
Economic impact of extended-release tolterodine versus immediate- and extended-release oxybutynin among commercially insured persons with overactive bladder.
2005 Jul
Comparison of symptom severity and treatment response in patients with incontinent and continent overactive bladder.
2005 Jul
Prediction of genotoxicity of chemical compounds by statistical learning methods.
2005 Jun
Validation of the urgency perception scale.
2005 Mar
Juvenile pig detrusor: effects of propiverine and three of its metabolites.
2005 Nov 7
Effects of bladder training and/or tolterodine in female patients with overactive bladder syndrome: a prospective, randomized study.
2006 Dec
[Comment on the STAR study: Comparison of the efficacy and tolerance of solifenacin and tolterodine retard in the treatment of overactive bladder].
2006 Jul
Tolterodine extended release improves patient-reported outcomes in overactive bladder: results from the IMPACT trial.
2006 Jun
Tolterodine.
2006 Jun 6-12
Mixed urinary incontinence: continuing to confound?
2007 Dec
Treatment of men with lower urinary tract symptoms and overactive bladder.
2007 Mar 21
Efficacy and safety of combined therapy with terazosin and tolteradine for patients with lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia: a prospective study.
2007 Mar 5
The nonmedical use of prescription ADHD medications: results from a national Internet panel.
2007 Oct 31
Effect of tolterodine on sleep structure modulated by CYP2D6 genotype.
2008 Jul
Transcriptional interruption of cAMP response element binding protein modulates superoxide dismutase and neuropeptide Y-mediated feeding behavior in freely moving rats.
2008 May
Comparison of fesoterodine and tolterodine in patients with overactive bladder.
2008 Nov
Extended-release tolterodine with or without tamsulosin in men with lower urinary tract symptoms and overactive bladder: effects on urinary symptoms assessed by the International Prostate Symptom Score.
2008 Nov
How many drugs for LUTS due to BPH are too many?
2008 Sep
Asymmetric conjugate reductions of coumarins. A new route to tolterodine and related coumarin derivatives.
2009 Dec 3
Keep an eye on the pupil: developing countries under chemical attack.
2009 Jun
Transdermal delivery of tolterodine by O-acylmenthol: In vitro/in vivo correlation.
2009 Jun 5
Development of a list of potentially inappropriate drugs for the korean elderly using the delphi method.
2010 Dec
Khat use and neurobehavioral functions: suggestions for future studies.
2010 Dec 1
Proof of principle: The effect of antimuscarinics on bladder filling sensations in healthy subjects--a placebo controlled double blind investigation using 4 and 8 mg tolterodine extended release.
2010 Mar
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone associated with tolterodine therapy.
2010 May
Targeting oxidative stress in the hypothalamus: the effect of transcription factor STAT3 knockdown on endogenous antioxidants-mediated appetite control.
2015 Jan
Patents

Sample Use Guides

Usual Adult Dose for Nasal Congestion 25 mg orally every 4 hours. -or- 75 mg orally extended release every 12 hours. Not to exceed 150 mg/day. Usual Adult Dose for Weight Loss 25 mg orally 3 times a day, one-half hour before meals. -or- 75 mg orally extended release once a day in the morning. The use of phenylpropanolamine for weight loss should be limited to 12 weeks.
Route of Administration: Oral
In Vitro Use Guide
Curator's Comment: phenylpropanolamine inhibits platelet aggregation
Unknown
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023
Edited
by admin
on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023
Record UNII
TQA3O9M79V
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
PHENYLPROPANOLAMINE SULFATE
WHO-DD  
Common Name English
Phenylpropanolamine sulfate [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
PHENYLPROPANOLAMINE SULPHATE
Common Name English
Code System Code Type Description
SMS_ID
300000035981
Created by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
214-457-0
Created by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
DTXSID40920970
Created by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
76966052
Created by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
CAS
1130-06-9
Created by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
TQA3O9M79V
Created by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Thu Jul 06 20:07:35 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
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