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Details

Stereochemistry RACEMIC
Molecular Formula C53H72N2O12
Molecular Weight 929.147
Optical Activity ( + / - )
Defined Stereocenters 4 / 4
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 2

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of ATRACURIUM, (1R,1'R,2R,2'R)-(+/-)-

SMILES

C[N@@+]1(CCc2cc(c(cc2[C@@]1([H])Cc3ccc(c(c3)OC)OC)OC)OC)CCC(=O)OCCCCCOC(=O)CC[N@@+]4(C)CCc5cc(c(cc5[C@@]4([H])Cc6ccc(c(c6)OC)OC)OC)OC

InChI

InChIKey=YXSLJKQTIDHPOT-LJCJQEJUSA-N
InChI=1S/C53H72N2O12/c1-54(22-18-38-32-48(62-7)50(64-9)34-40(38)42(54)28-36-14-16-44(58-3)46(30-36)60-5)24-20-52(56)66-26-12-11-13-27-67-53(57)21-25-55(2)23-19-39-33-49(63-8)51(65-10)35-41(39)43(55)29-37-15-17-45(59-4)47(31-37)61-6/h14-17,30-35,42-43H,11-13,18-29H2,1-10H3/q+2/t42-,43-,54-,55-/m1/s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C53H72N2O12
Molecular Weight 929.147
Charge 2
Count
Stereochemistry MIXED
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 2 / 4
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED

Description
Curator's Comment:: description was created based on several sources, including www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9349062

Cisatracurium is a cis-cis isomer of atracurium and five time as potent as atracurium. The drug is approved by FDA and marketed under the name Nimbex. It is indicated as an adjunct to general anesthesia, to facilitate tracheal intubation, and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation due to its antagonistic properties toward nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.

Originator

Sources: ISBN-13: 978-1461484400
Curator's Comment:: Now part of GlaxoSmithKline.

Approval Year

Targets

Targets

Primary TargetPharmacologyConditionPotency
54.0 nM [IC50]
Conditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Palliative
NIMBEX

Approved Use

Cisatracurium besylate injection is an intermediate-onset/intermediate-duration neuromuscular blocking agent indicated for inpatients and outpatients as an adjunct to general anesthesia, to facilitate tracheal intubation, and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery or mechanical ventilation in the ICU.

Launch Date

8.1898563E11
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
22 min
0.1 mg/kg 1 times / day steady-state, intravenous
dose: 0.1 mg/kg
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: STEADY-STATE
co-administered:
CISATRACURIUM unknown
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Prolonged weakness after cisatracurium infusion: a case report.
1998 Jul
Severe anaphylactic reaction to cisatracurium.
1999 Feb
[Precurarization of succinylcholine with cisatracurium: the influence of the precurarization interval].
2002 Sep
Acute motor axonal polyneuropathy after a cisatracurium infusion and concomitant corticosteroid therapy.
2004 Feb
Complete recovery from prolonged cardiac arrest following self-administration of cisatracurium.
2005 Jan
Prevention of succinylcholine-induced fasciculation and myalgia: a meta-analysis of randomized trials.
2005 Oct
Distinct pharmacologic properties of neuromuscular blocking agents on human neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: a possible explanation for the train-of-four fade.
2006 Sep
Cisatracurium in "weakening doses" assists in weaning from sedation and withdrawal following extended use of inhaled isoflurane.
2007 Jan
Acute coronary syndrome in cisatracurium-induced anaphylactic shock: Kounis syndrome.
2008 Dec
[Type IV anaphylactic reaction and ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome due to coronary vasospasm secondary to administration of cisatracurium].
2008 Jun-Jul
Patents

Sample Use Guides

The recommended initial doses is 0.2 mg/kg, however it should be individualized. A dose of 0.03 mg/kg is recommended for maintenance of neuromuscular block during prolonged surgical procedures.
Route of Administration: Intravenous
Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were incubated with 0, 0.96, 3.2, 9.6, 32, and 96 microM of cisatracurium for 72 h and the drug (3.2 microM) decreased the cell count to 50% (SD, 8.6%).
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Fri Jun 25 23:07:19 UTC 2021
Edited
by admin
on Fri Jun 25 23:07:19 UTC 2021
Record UNII
SKE79AOA7L
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
ATRACURIUM, (1R,1'R,2R,2'R)-(+/-)-
Common Name English
RAC-(1R,2R,1'R,2'R)-2,2'-(PENTANE-1,5-DIYLBIS(OXY(3-OXOPROPANE-3,1-DIYL)))BIS(1-(3,4-DIMETHOXYBENZYL)-6,7-DIMETHOXY-2-METHYL-1,2,3,4-TETRAHYDROISOQUINOLINIUM)
Common Name English
Code System Code Type Description
FDA UNII
SKE79AOA7L
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 23:07:19 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 23:07:19 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
Related Record Type Details
SALT/SOLVATE -> PARENT