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Details

Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Molecular Formula C37H67NO13.HI.H2O
Molecular Weight 879.8559
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED
Defined Stereocenters 18 / 18
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of ERYTHROMYCIN HYDRIODIDE MONOHYDRATE

SMILES

CC[C@]1([H])[C@](C)([C@@]([H])([C@@]([H])(C)C(=O)[C@]([H])(C)C[C@](C)([C@@]([H])([C@@]([H])(C)[C@@]([H])([C@@]([H])(C)C(=O)O1)O[C@@]2([H])C[C@](C)([C@]([H])([C@]([H])(C)O2)O)OC)O[C@@]3([H])[C@@]([H])([C@]([H])(C[C@@]([H])(C)O3)N(C)C)O)O)O)O.I.O

InChI

InChIKey=HEJPDPJSITZJAW-INORWZNNSA-N
InChI=1S/C37H67NO13.HI.H2O/c1-14-25-37(10,45)30(41)20(4)27(39)18(2)16-35(8,44)32(51-34-28(40)24(38(11)12)15-19(3)47-34)21(5)29(22(6)33(43)49-25)50-26-17-36(9,46-13)31(42)23(7)48-26;;/h18-26,28-32,34,40-42,44-45H,14-17H2,1-13H3;1H;1H2/t18-,19-,20+,21+,22-,23+,24+,25-,26+,28-,29+,30-,31+,32-,34+,35-,36-,37-;;/m1../s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula H2O
Molecular Weight 18.0153
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Molecular Formula C37H67NO13
Molecular Weight 733.9282
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 18 / 18
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED

Molecular Formula HI
Molecular Weight 127.9124
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Description
Curator's Comment:: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7023159 | http://www.polfa-tarchomin.com.pl/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Ulotka_Davercin-tabletki-powlekane-250mg.pdf | https://www.doz.pl/leki/p2615-Davercin_tabletki

Erythromycin cyclocarbonate (Davercin) is a first generation semi-synthetic erythromycin. It is active against Gram-positive and some Gram-negative microorganisms. Davercin shows comparable or better in vitro potency, low host toxicity and improved pharmacokinetics compared with erythromycin. It is approved for the treatment of acne, atypical pneumonia (caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila), whooping cough (treatment and prevention), urethritis (caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum and Chlamydia trachomatis), gastrointestinal infection caused by Campylobacter spp., short-term infections of the skin and soft tissues (e.g. acne, staphylococcal dermatitis). In streptococcal infections, diphtheria, gonorrhea, early syphilis in patients who are allergic to penicillin, and in the prevention of bacterial endocarditis before the planned dental procedures. Adverse effects are: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, skin allergic reactions.

CNS Activity

Curator's Comment:: Information about erythromycin ethylsuccinate is unavailable.

Originator

Curator's Comment:: H. Bojarska-Dahlig and W. Slawinski, Rocz. Chern. 46, 2211 (1972)

Approval Year

TargetsConditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Curative
Erythromycin

Approved Use

Erythromycin is indicated in the treatment of respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae; skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus; listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes; diphtheria due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection, as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers; erythrasma due to Corynebacterium minutissimum infection.

Launch Date

79660800000
Curative
Erythromycin

Approved Use

Erythromycin is indicated in the treatment of respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae; skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus; listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes; diphtheria due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection, as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers; erythrasma due to Corynebacterium minutissimum infection.

Launch Date

79660800000
Curative
Erythromycin

Approved Use

Erythromycin is indicated in the treatment of respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae; skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus; listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes; diphtheria due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection, as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers; erythrasma due to Corynebacterium minutissimum infection.

Launch Date

79660800000
Curative
Erythromycin

Approved Use

Erythromycin is indicated in the treatment of respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae; skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus; listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes; diphtheria due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection, as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers; erythrasma due to Corynebacterium minutissimum infection.

Launch Date

79660800000
Curative
Erythromycin

Approved Use

Erythromycin is indicated in the treatment of respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae; skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus; listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes; diphtheria due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection, as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers; erythrasma due to Corynebacterium minutissimum infection.

Launch Date

79660800000
Curative
Davercin

Approved Use

For the topical treatment of acne vulgaris
Curative
Davercin

Approved Use

For the topical treatment of pneumonia
Curative
Davercin

Approved Use

Indicated for the treatment of bacterial endocarditis
Curative
Davercin
Curative
E.E.S.

Approved Use

E.E.S. is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated organisms in the diseases listed below: Upper respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate degree caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, or Haemophilus influenzae (when used concomitantly with adequate doses of sulfonamides, since many strains of H.influenzae are not susceptible to the erythromycin concentrations ordinarily achieved). Lower-respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pneumonia or Streptococcus pyogenes. Listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes. Pertussis (whooping cough) caused by Bordetella pertussis. Erythromycin is effective in eliminating the organism from the nasopharynx of infected individuals rendering them noninfectious. Some clinical studies suggest that erythromycin may be helpful in the prophylaxis of pertussis in exposed susceptible individuals. Respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus (resistant staphylococci may emerge during treatment). Diphtheria: Infections due to Corynebacterium diphtheria , as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers. Erythrasma: In the treatment of infections due to Corynebacterium minutissimum. Intestinal amebiasis caused by Entamoeba histolytica (oral erythromycins only). Extraenteric amebiasis requires treatment with other agents. Acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae: As an alternative drug in treatment of acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by N.gonorrhoeae in female patients with a history of sensitivity to penicillin. Patients should have a serologic test for syphilis before receiving erythromycin as treatment of gonorrhea and a follow-up serologic test for syphilis after 3 months. Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum: Erythromycin is an alternate choice of treatment for primary syphilis in patients allergic to the penicillins. In treatment of primary syphilis, spinal fluid examinations should be done before treatment and as part of follow-up after therapy. Erythromycins are indicated for the treatment of the following infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis: conjunctivitis of the newborn, pneumonia of infancy, and urogenital infections during pregnancy. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults due to Chlamydia trachomatis. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum. Legionnaires' Disease caused by Legionella pneumophila . Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, in vitro and limited preliminary clinical data suggest that erythromycin may be effective in treating Legionnaires' Disease.

Launch Date

-149990400000
Curative
E.E.S.

Approved Use

E.E.S. is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated organisms in the diseases listed below: Upper respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate degree caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, or Haemophilus influenzae (when used concomitantly with adequate doses of sulfonamides, since many strains of H.influenzae are not susceptible to the erythromycin concentrations ordinarily achieved). Lower-respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pneumonia or Streptococcus pyogenes. Listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes. Pertussis (whooping cough) caused by Bordetella pertussis. Erythromycin is effective in eliminating the organism from the nasopharynx of infected individuals rendering them noninfectious. Some clinical studies suggest that erythromycin may be helpful in the prophylaxis of pertussis in exposed susceptible individuals. Respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus (resistant staphylococci may emerge during treatment). Diphtheria: Infections due to Corynebacterium diphtheria , as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers. Erythrasma: In the treatment of infections due to Corynebacterium minutissimum. Intestinal amebiasis caused by Entamoeba histolytica (oral erythromycins only). Extraenteric amebiasis requires treatment with other agents. Acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae: As an alternative drug in treatment of acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by N.gonorrhoeae in female patients with a history of sensitivity to penicillin. Patients should have a serologic test for syphilis before receiving erythromycin as treatment of gonorrhea and a follow-up serologic test for syphilis after 3 months. Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum: Erythromycin is an alternate choice of treatment for primary syphilis in patients allergic to the penicillins. In treatment of primary syphilis, spinal fluid examinations should be done before treatment and as part of follow-up after therapy. Erythromycins are indicated for the treatment of the following infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis: conjunctivitis of the newborn, pneumonia of infancy, and urogenital infections during pregnancy. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults due to Chlamydia trachomatis. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum. Legionnaires' Disease caused by Legionella pneumophila . Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, in vitro and limited preliminary clinical data suggest that erythromycin may be effective in treating Legionnaires' Disease.

Launch Date

-149990400000
Curative
E.E.S

Approved Use

E.E.S. is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated organisms in the diseases listed below: Upper respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate degree caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, or Haemophilus influenzae (when used concomitantly with adequate doses of sulfonamides, since many strains of H.influenzae are not susceptible to the erythromycin concentrations ordinarily achieved). Lower-respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pneumonia or Streptococcus pyogenes. Listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes. Pertussis (whooping cough) caused by Bordetella pertussis. Erythromycin is effective in eliminating the organism from the nasopharynx of infected individuals rendering them noninfectious. Some clinical studies suggest that erythromycin may be helpful in the prophylaxis of pertussis in exposed susceptible individuals. Respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus (resistant staphylococci may emerge during treatment). Diphtheria: Infections due to Corynebacterium diphtheria , as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers. Erythrasma: In the treatment of infections due to Corynebacterium minutissimum. Intestinal amebiasis caused by Entamoeba histolytica (oral erythromycins only). Extraenteric amebiasis requires treatment with other agents. Acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae: As an alternative drug in treatment of acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by N.gonorrhoeae in female patients with a history of sensitivity to penicillin. Patients should have a serologic test for syphilis before receiving erythromycin as treatment of gonorrhea and a follow-up serologic test for syphilis after 3 months. Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum: Erythromycin is an alternate choice of treatment for primary syphilis in patients allergic to the penicillins. In treatment of primary syphilis, spinal fluid examinations should be done before treatment and as part of follow-up after therapy. Erythromycins are indicated for the treatment of the following infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis: conjunctivitis of the newborn, pneumonia of infancy, and urogenital infections during pregnancy. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults due to Chlamydia trachomatis. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum. Legionnaires' Disease caused by Legionella pneumophila . Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, in vitro and limited preliminary clinical data suggest that erythromycin may be effective in treating Legionnaires' Disease.

Launch Date

-149990400000
Curative
E.E.S.

Approved Use

E.E.S. is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated organisms in the diseases listed below: Upper respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate degree caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, or Haemophilus influenzae (when used concomitantly with adequate doses of sulfonamides, since many strains of H.influenzae are not susceptible to the erythromycin concentrations ordinarily achieved). Lower-respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pneumonia or Streptococcus pyogenes. Listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes. Pertussis (whooping cough) caused by Bordetella pertussis. Erythromycin is effective in eliminating the organism from the nasopharynx of infected individuals rendering them noninfectious. Some clinical studies suggest that erythromycin may be helpful in the prophylaxis of pertussis in exposed susceptible individuals. Respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus (resistant staphylococci may emerge during treatment). Diphtheria: Infections due to Corynebacterium diphtheria , as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers. Erythrasma: In the treatment of infections due to Corynebacterium minutissimum. Intestinal amebiasis caused by Entamoeba histolytica (oral erythromycins only). Extraenteric amebiasis requires treatment with other agents. Acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae: As an alternative drug in treatment of acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by N.gonorrhoeae in female patients with a history of sensitivity to penicillin. Patients should have a serologic test for syphilis before receiving erythromycin as treatment of gonorrhea and a follow-up serologic test for syphilis after 3 months. Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum: Erythromycin is an alternate choice of treatment for primary syphilis in patients allergic to the penicillins. In treatment of primary syphilis, spinal fluid examinations should be done before treatment and as part of follow-up after therapy. Erythromycins are indicated for the treatment of the following infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis: conjunctivitis of the newborn, pneumonia of infancy, and urogenital infections during pregnancy. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults due to Chlamydia trachomatis. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum. Legionnaires' Disease caused by Legionella pneumophila . Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, in vitro and limited preliminary clinical data suggest that erythromycin may be effective in treating Legionnaires' Disease.

Launch Date

-150076800000
Curative
E.E.S.

Approved Use

E.E.S. is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated organisms in the diseases listed below: Upper respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate degree caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, or Haemophilus influenzae (when used concomitantly with adequate doses of sulfonamides, since many strains of H.influenzae are not susceptible to the erythromycin concentrations ordinarily achieved). Lower-respiratory tract infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pneumonia or Streptococcus pyogenes. Listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes. Pertussis (whooping cough) caused by Bordetella pertussis. Erythromycin is effective in eliminating the organism from the nasopharynx of infected individuals rendering them noninfectious. Some clinical studies suggest that erythromycin may be helpful in the prophylaxis of pertussis in exposed susceptible individuals. Respiratory tract infections due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Skin and skin structure infections of mild to moderate severity caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or Staphylococcus aureus (resistant staphylococci may emerge during treatment). Diphtheria: Infections due to Corynebacterium diphtheria , as an adjunct to antitoxin, to prevent establishment of carriers and to eradicate the organism in carriers. Erythrasma: In the treatment of infections due to Corynebacterium minutissimum. Intestinal amebiasis caused by Entamoeba histolytica (oral erythromycins only). Extraenteric amebiasis requires treatment with other agents. Acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae: As an alternative drug in treatment of acute pelvic inflammatory disease caused by N.gonorrhoeae in female patients with a history of sensitivity to penicillin. Patients should have a serologic test for syphilis before receiving erythromycin as treatment of gonorrhea and a follow-up serologic test for syphilis after 3 months. Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum: Erythromycin is an alternate choice of treatment for primary syphilis in patients allergic to the penicillins. In treatment of primary syphilis, spinal fluid examinations should be done before treatment and as part of follow-up after therapy. Erythromycins are indicated for the treatment of the following infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis: conjunctivitis of the newborn, pneumonia of infancy, and urogenital infections during pregnancy. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults due to Chlamydia trachomatis. When tetracyclines are contraindicated or not tolerated, erythromycin is indicated for the treatment of nongonococcal urethritis caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum. Legionnaires' Disease caused by Legionella pneumophila . Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, in vitro and limited preliminary clinical data suggest that erythromycin may be effective in treating Legionnaires' Disease.

Launch Date

-150076800000
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
1.18 μg/mL
500 mg single, oral
dose: 500 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN serum
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: FASTED
2.44 μg/mL
500 mg single, oral
dose: 500 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN serum
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: FASTED
1.62 μg/mL
250 mg 4 times / day multiple, oral
dose: 250 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: MULTIPLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN serum
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: FASTED
1.99 μg/mL
250 mg 4 times / day multiple, oral
dose: 250 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: MULTIPLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN serum
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: FASTED
1161.5 ng/mL
200 mg single, oral
dose: 200 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN unknown
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FASTED
1386.1 ng/mL
200 mg single, oral
dose: 200 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN unknown
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FASTED
AUC

AUC

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
3.1 μg × h/mL
500 mg single, oral
dose: 500 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN serum
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: FASTED
6.1 μg × h/mL
500 mg single, oral
dose: 500 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN serum
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: FASTED
3544.7 ng × h/mL
200 mg single, oral
dose: 200 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN unknown
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FASTED
4096.7 ng × h/mL
200 mg single, oral
dose: 200 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN unknown
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FASTED
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
4.48 h
200 mg single, oral
dose: 200 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN unknown
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FASTED
5.31 h
200 mg single, oral
dose: 200 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ERYTHROMYCIN unknown
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FASTED
Doses

Doses

DosePopulationAdverse events​
5 g 1 times / day single, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 5 g, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 5 g, 1 times / day
Sources:
healthy, 12 years
Health Status: healthy
Age Group: 12 years
Sex: F
Sources:
Other AEs: Pancreatitis...
Other AEs:
Pancreatitis
Sources:
5.3 g 1 times / day single, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 5.3 g, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 5.3 g, 1 times / day
Sources:
healthy, 15 years
Health Status: healthy
Age Group: 15 years
Sex: F
Sources:
Other AEs: Pancreatitis...
Other AEs:
Pancreatitis
Sources:
500 mg 2 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, mean age 30 years
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: mean age 30 years
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Disc. AE: Vomiting...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Vomiting (2.8%)
Sources:
500 mg 3 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 500 mg, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 500 mg, 3 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, mean age 30 years
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: mean age 30 years
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Disc. AE: Nausea, Abdominal pain...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Nausea (14.6%)
Abdominal pain (4.9%)
Sources:
500 mg 2 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, mean age 44 years
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: mean age 44 years
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Disc. AE: Epigastralgia, Nausea...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Epigastralgia (grade 2-3, 2.5%)
Nausea (grade 3, 3.3%)
Vomiting (grade 2, 0.8%)
Sources:
100 mg single, intravenous
Dose: 100 mg
Route: intravenous
Route: single
Dose: 100 mg
Sources:
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Sources:
Other AEs: Akathisia, Diarrhea...
Other AEs:
Akathisia (below serious, 1 patient)
Diarrhea (below serious, 1 patient)
Sources:
AEs

AEs

AESignificanceDosePopulation
Pancreatitis
5 g 1 times / day single, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 5 g, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 5 g, 1 times / day
Sources:
healthy, 12 years
Health Status: healthy
Age Group: 12 years
Sex: F
Sources:
Pancreatitis
5.3 g 1 times / day single, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 5.3 g, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 5.3 g, 1 times / day
Sources:
healthy, 15 years
Health Status: healthy
Age Group: 15 years
Sex: F
Sources:
Vomiting 2.8%
Disc. AE
500 mg 2 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, mean age 30 years
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: mean age 30 years
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Nausea 14.6%
Disc. AE
500 mg 3 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 500 mg, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 500 mg, 3 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, mean age 30 years
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: mean age 30 years
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Abdominal pain 4.9%
Disc. AE
500 mg 3 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 500 mg, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 500 mg, 3 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, mean age 30 years
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: mean age 30 years
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Vomiting grade 2, 0.8%
Disc. AE
500 mg 2 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, mean age 44 years
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: mean age 44 years
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Epigastralgia grade 2-3, 2.5%
Disc. AE
500 mg 2 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, mean age 44 years
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: mean age 44 years
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Nausea grade 3, 3.3%
Disc. AE
500 mg 2 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 500 mg, 2 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, mean age 44 years
Health Status: unhealthy
Age Group: mean age 44 years
Sex: M+F
Sources:
Akathisia below serious, 1 patient
100 mg single, intravenous
Dose: 100 mg
Route: intravenous
Route: single
Dose: 100 mg
Sources:
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Sources:
Diarrhea below serious, 1 patient
100 mg single, intravenous
Dose: 100 mg
Route: intravenous
Route: single
Dose: 100 mg
Sources:
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Sources:
Overview

Overview

CYP3A4CYP2C9CYP2D6hERG


OverviewOther

Other InhibitorOther SubstrateOther Inducer






Drug as perpetrator​

Drug as perpetrator​

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
likely
moderate [IC50 9.9 uM]
yes (co-administration study)
Comment: Erythromycin increased mean Cmax value of simvastatin 3.4 fold and AUC0-24 value 6.2 fold; coadministered erythromycin has been reported to increase AUCs of simvastatin, triazolam, and midazolam 6.2-, 3.6-, and 3.8-fold, respectively; A significant increase in colchicine plasma concentration is anticipated when co-administered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors such as erythromycin;
Page: 10
yes [IC50 217 uM]
yes [IC50 22.7 uM]
yes [IC50 34 uM]
Drug as victim

Drug as victim

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
yes
yes
likely (co-administration study)
Comment: Coadministration of erythromycin and a drug primarily metabolized by CYP3A may be associated with elevations in drug concentrations that could increase or prolong both the therapeutic and adverse effects of the concomitant drug
Page: 9
Tox targets

Tox targets

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
Sourcing

Sourcing

Vendor/AggregatorIDURL
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Drug-induced gallbladder disease. Incidence, aetiology and management.
1992 Jan-Feb
Treatment of experimental pneumocystosis: review of 7 years of experience and development of a new system for classifying antimicrobial drugs.
1992 Sep
Torsade de pointes induced by metoclopramide in an elderly woman with preexisting complete left bundle branch block.
2001 Dec
[Effect of human recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor on mouse hematopoietic and lymphoid organs].
2001 Jul-Aug
[Blueberry muffin baby: the pathogenesis of cutaneous extramedullary hematopoiesis].
2001 Nov
Compound cardiac toxicity of oral erythromycin and verapamil.
2001 Nov
Synthesis of erythro and threo furanoid glycals from 1- and 2-phenylselenenyl-carbohydrate derivatives.
2001 Nov 8
Risk of torsades de pointes from oral erythromycin with concomitant carbimazole (methimazole) administration.
2001 Oct
Studies on macrolide antibiotics I. Synthesis and antibacterial activity of erythromycin A 9-O-substituted oxime ether derivatives against Mycobacterium avium complex.
2001 Sep
Stereodivergent approach to beta-hydroxy alpha-amino acids from C(2)-symmetrical alk-2-yne-1,4-diols.
2002 Dec 12
Ene reaction of singlet oxygen, triazolinedione, and nitrosoarene with chiral deuterium-labeled allylic alcohols: the interdependence of diastereoselectivity and regioselectivity discloses mechanistic insights into the hydroxy-group directivity.
2002 Dec 4
Antimicrobial-induced mania (antibiomania): a review of spontaneous reports.
2002 Feb
The effect of benzoyl peroxide and benzoyl peroxide/erythromycin combination on the antioxidative defence system in papulopustular acne.
2002 Jan-Feb
[Legionellosis in HIV-1 infected patients. 4 case reports].
2002 Mar 2
Gamma-fluorinated analogues of glutamic acid and glutamine.
2003 Apr
[Postoperative ileus: part II (Clinical therapy)].
2003 Apr
Effects of amphotericin B and caspofungin on histamine expression.
2003 Aug
Molecular modeling of syringyl and p-hydroxyphenyl beta-O-4 dimers. Comparative study of the computed and experimental conformational properties of lignin beta-O-4 model compounds.
2003 Jan 1
Guaiacylglycerol-7'-O-methyl 8'-vanillic acid ether and related compounds from Boreava orientalis.
2003 Jan-Feb
Stereoselective biosynthesis of chloroarylpropane diols by the basidiomycete Bjerkandera adusta.
2003 Jul
Modifications to the N-terminus but not the C-terminus of calcitonin gene-related peptide(8-37) produce antagonists with increased affinity.
2003 Jun 5
A highly chemoselective, diastereoselective, and regioselective epoxidation of chiral allylic alcohols with hydrogen peroxide, catalyzed by sandwich-type polyoxometalates: enhancement of reactivity and control of selectivity by the hydroxy group through metal-alcoholate bonding.
2003 Mar 7
Ratio of erythro and threo forms of beta-O-4 structures in tension wood lignin.
2003 Nov
[Hantavirus-induced acute renal failure. A case report].
2003 Oct
Straightforward synthesis of sphinganines via a serine-derived Weinreb amide.
2004 Apr 30
Bitterness evaluation of medicines for pediatric use by a taste sensor.
2004 Aug
[3 + 2] Cycloreversion of bicyclo[m.3.0]alkan-3-on-2-yl-1-oxonium ylides to alkenyloxyketenes. Stereospecific aspect.
2004 Feb 20
Validation of a [3H]astemizole binding assay in HEK293 cells expressing HERG K+ channels.
2004 Jul
Effects of colchicine on the maximum biliary excretion of cholephilic compounds in rats.
2004 Sep
Initial (latent) polycythemia vera with thrombocytosis mimicking essential thrombocythemia.
2005
Comparison of information on the pharmacokinetic interactions of Ca antagonists in the package inserts from three countries (Japan, USA and UK).
2005 Aug
On the CH...Cu agostic interaction: chiral copper(II) compounds with ephedrine and pseudoephedrine derivatives.
2005 Aug 14
Randomised controlled multiple treatment comparison to provide a cost-effectiveness rationale for the selection of antimicrobial therapy in acne.
2005 Jan
On-line identification of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) methoxyflavones by liquid chromatography-UV detection using post-column derivatization and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
2005 Jul 29
Prediction of genotoxicity of chemical compounds by statistical learning methods.
2005 Jun
[Biological effects of a natural alkyl-diacylglyceride preparation in rats with experimental cardioangiopathy].
2005 Mar-Apr
Cytotoxicity of neolignans identified in Saururus chinensis towards human cancer cell lines.
2005 May
Transport mechanism and substrate specificity of human organic anion transporter 2 (hOat2 [SLC22A7]).
2005 May
Patents

Sample Use Guides

The usual dosage of erythromycin tablets is one 250 mg tablet four times daily in equally spaced doses or one 500 mg tablet every 12 hours. Dosage may be increased up to 4 g per day according to the severity of the infection. However, twice-a-day dosing is not recommended when doses larger than 1 g daily are administered.
Route of Administration: Oral
The MIC values for erythromycin were: 0.25-1 ug/ml (Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213), 1-4 ug/ml (Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212), 0.03-0.12 ug/ml (Streptococcus pneumoniae ATCC 49619).
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 12:05:44 UTC 2021
Edited
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 12:05:44 UTC 2021
Record UNII
JVF6FH67JR
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
ERYTHROMYCIN HYDRIODIDE MONOHYDRATE
Common Name English
ERYTHROMYCIN, MONOHYDRIODIDE, MONOHYDRATE
Common Name English
Code System Code Type Description
PUBCHEM
133082255
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 12:05:44 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 12:05:44 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
CAS
65945-11-1
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 12:05:44 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 12:05:44 UTC 2021
NON-SPECIFIC STOICHIOMETRY
FDA UNII
JVF6FH67JR
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 12:05:44 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 12:05:44 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
CAS
14550-96-0
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 12:05:44 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 12:05:44 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
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