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Details

Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Molecular Formula 3C6H14N4O2.C6H8O7
Molecular Weight 714.7274
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED
Defined Stereocenters 3 / 3
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of ARGININE CITRATE

SMILES

C(C[C@@]([H])(C(=O)O)N)CNC(=N)N.C(C[C@@]([H])(C(=O)O)N)CNC(=N)N.C(C[C@@]([H])(C(=O)O)N)CNC(=N)N.C(C(=O)O)C(CC(=O)O)(C(=O)O)O

InChI

InChIKey=IHOWSFVYYZTGSY-FOIRCHMTSA-N
InChI=1S/3C6H14N4O2.C6H8O7/c3*7-4(5(11)12)2-1-3-10-6(8)9;7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h3*4H,1-3,7H2,(H,11,12)(H4,8,9,10);13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)/t3*4-;/m000./s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C6H8O7
Molecular Weight 192.1238
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Molecular Formula C6H14N4O2
Molecular Weight 174.2012
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 1 / 1
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED

L-arginine is a nonessential amino acid that may play an important role in the treatment of cardiovascular disease due to its antiatherogenic, anti-ischemic, antiplatelet, and antithrombotic properties. It has been promoted as a growth stimulant and as a treatment for erectile dysfunction in men. L-arginine is a nonessential amino acid that may play an important role in the treatment of heart disease due to its block arterial plaque buildup, blood clots, platelet clumping, and to increase blood flow through the coronary artery. L-arginine is commonly sold as a health supplement claiming to improve vascular health and treat erectile dysfunction in men. L-arginine, which is promoted as a human growth stimulant, has also been used in bodybuilding. In the 1800s, it was first isolated from animal horn.

CNS Activity

Curator's Comment:: L-Arginine has the ability to cross the blood brain barrier.

Originator

Curator's Comment:: Arginine was first isolated from a lupin seedling extract in 1886 by the German chemist Ernst Schultze.

Approval Year

Targets

Targets

Primary TargetPharmacologyConditionPotency
Target ID: Q5T6X5
Gene ID: 222545.0
Gene Symbol: GPRC6A
Target Organism: Homo sapiens (Human)
44.1 µM [EC50]
Conditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Diagnostic
R-GENE 10

Approved Use

R-Gene 10 is indicated as an intravenous stimulant to the pituitary for the release of human growth hormone in patients where the measurement of pituitary reserve for HGH can be of diagnostic usefulness. It can be used as a diagnostic aid in such conditions as panhypopituitarism, pituitary dwarfism, chromophobe adenoma, postsurgical craniopharyngioma, hypophysectomy, pituitary trauma, acromegaly, gigantism and problems of growth and stature. If the insulin hypoglycemia test has indicated a deficiency of pituitary reserve for HGH, a test with R-Gene 10 is advisable to confirm the negative response. This can be done after a waiting period of one day. As patients may not respond to R-Gene 10 (Arginine Hydrochloride Injection, USP) during the first test, the unresponsive patient should be tested again to confirm the negative result. A second test can be performed after a waiting period of one day. Some patients who respond to R-Gene 10 do not respond to insulin and vice versa. The rate of false positive responses for R-Gene 10 is approximately 32%, and the rate of false negatives is approximately 27%.

Launch Date

9.9705602E10
Diagnostic
R-GENE 10

Approved Use

R-Gene 10 is indicated as an intravenous stimulant to the pituitary for the release of human growth hormone in patients where the measurement of pituitary reserve for HGH can be of diagnostic usefulness. It can be used as a diagnostic aid in such conditions as panhypopituitarism, pituitary dwarfism, chromophobe adenoma, postsurgical craniopharyngioma, hypophysectomy, pituitary trauma, acromegaly, gigantism and problems of growth and stature. If the insulin hypoglycemia test has indicated a deficiency of pituitary reserve for HGH, a test with R-Gene 10 is advisable to confirm the negative response. This can be done after a waiting period of one day. As patients may not respond to R-Gene 10 (Arginine Hydrochloride Injection, USP) during the first test, the unresponsive patient should be tested again to confirm the negative result. A second test can be performed after a waiting period of one day. Some patients who respond to R-Gene 10 do not respond to insulin and vice versa. The rate of false positive responses for R-Gene 10 is approximately 32%, and the rate of false negatives is approximately 27%.

Launch Date

9.9705602E10
Diagnostic
R-GENE 10

Approved Use

R-Gene 10 is indicated as an intravenous stimulant to the pituitary for the release of human growth hormone in patients where the measurement of pituitary reserve for HGH can be of diagnostic usefulness. It can be used as a diagnostic aid in such conditions as panhypopituitarism, pituitary dwarfism, chromophobe adenoma, postsurgical craniopharyngioma, hypophysectomy, pituitary trauma, acromegaly, gigantism and problems of growth and stature. If the insulin hypoglycemia test has indicated a deficiency of pituitary reserve for HGH, a test with R-Gene 10 is advisable to confirm the negative response. This can be done after a waiting period of one day. As patients may not respond to R-Gene 10 (Arginine Hydrochloride Injection, USP) during the first test, the unresponsive patient should be tested again to confirm the negative result. A second test can be performed after a waiting period of one day. Some patients who respond to R-Gene 10 do not respond to insulin and vice versa. The rate of false positive responses for R-Gene 10 is approximately 32%, and the rate of false negatives is approximately 27%.

Launch Date

9.9705602E10
Diagnostic
R-GENE 10

Approved Use

R-Gene 10 is indicated as an intravenous stimulant to the pituitary for the release of human growth hormone in patients where the measurement of pituitary reserve for HGH can be of diagnostic usefulness. It can be used as a diagnostic aid in such conditions as panhypopituitarism, pituitary dwarfism, chromophobe adenoma, postsurgical craniopharyngioma, hypophysectomy, pituitary trauma, acromegaly, gigantism and problems of growth and stature. If the insulin hypoglycemia test has indicated a deficiency of pituitary reserve for HGH, a test with R-Gene 10 is advisable to confirm the negative response. This can be done after a waiting period of one day. As patients may not respond to R-Gene 10 (Arginine Hydrochloride Injection, USP) during the first test, the unresponsive patient should be tested again to confirm the negative result. A second test can be performed after a waiting period of one day. Some patients who respond to R-Gene 10 do not respond to insulin and vice versa. The rate of false positive responses for R-Gene 10 is approximately 32%, and the rate of false negatives is approximately 27%.

Launch Date

9.9705602E10
Preventing
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Preventing
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Primary
Unknown

Approved Use

Unknown
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
310 μM
6 g single, oral
dose: 6 g
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ARGININE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FED
6219 μM
30 g single, intravenous
dose: 30 g
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ARGININE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FED
882 μM
6 g single, intravenous
dose: 6 g
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ARGININE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FED
AUC

AUC

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
24788 M × min
6 g single, oral
dose: 6 g
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ARGININE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FED
265435 M × min
30 g single, intravenous
dose: 30 g
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ARGININE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FED
38223 M × min
6 g single, intravenous
dose: 6 g
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ARGININE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FED
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
77.5 min
6 g single, oral
dose: 6 g
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ARGININE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FED
41.6 min
30 g single, intravenous
dose: 30 g
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ARGININE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FED
59.6 min
6 g single, intravenous
dose: 6 g
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ARGININE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: FED
Funbound

Funbound

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
100%
ARGININE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNKNOWN
age: UNKNOWN
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
Doses

Doses

DosePopulationAdverse events​
3.9 g/kg single, intravenous
Accidental dose
Dose: 3.9 g/kg
Route: intravenous
Route: single
Dose: 3.9 g/kg
Sources: Page: p.621
unhealthy, 1.75
n = 1
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Short stature
Age Group: 1.75
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.621
Disc. AE: Cardiopulmonary arrest, Metabolic acidosis...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Cardiopulmonary arrest
Metabolic acidosis (acute)
Hyponatremia (severe)
Sources: Page: p.621
200 mg/kg 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 200 mg/kg, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 200 mg/kg, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.63
unhealthy, 24
n = 11
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cystic fibrosis
Age Group: 24
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 11
Sources: Page: p.63
15 g 2 times / day multiple, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 15 g, 2 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 15 g, 2 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
healthy, 34 ± 2.6
n = 12
Health Status: healthy
Condition: Dietary supplementation
Age Group: 34 ± 2.6
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 12
Sources: Page: p.1
7 g 3 times / day multiple, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 7 g, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 7 g, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.200
unhealthy, 43± 16
n = 10
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Hypercholesterolaemia
Age Group: 43± 16
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 10
Sources: Page: p.200
DLT: Gastrointestinal discomfort...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Gastrointestinal discomfort (20%)
Sources: Page: p.200
AEs

AEs

AESignificanceDosePopulation
Cardiopulmonary arrest Disc. AE
3.9 g/kg single, intravenous
Accidental dose
Dose: 3.9 g/kg
Route: intravenous
Route: single
Dose: 3.9 g/kg
Sources: Page: p.621
unhealthy, 1.75
n = 1
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Short stature
Age Group: 1.75
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.621
Metabolic acidosis acute
Disc. AE
3.9 g/kg single, intravenous
Accidental dose
Dose: 3.9 g/kg
Route: intravenous
Route: single
Dose: 3.9 g/kg
Sources: Page: p.621
unhealthy, 1.75
n = 1
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Short stature
Age Group: 1.75
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.621
Hyponatremia severe
Disc. AE
3.9 g/kg single, intravenous
Accidental dose
Dose: 3.9 g/kg
Route: intravenous
Route: single
Dose: 3.9 g/kg
Sources: Page: p.621
unhealthy, 1.75
n = 1
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Short stature
Age Group: 1.75
Sex: F
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.621
Gastrointestinal discomfort 20%
DLT
7 g 3 times / day multiple, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 7 g, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 7 g, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.200
unhealthy, 43± 16
n = 10
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Hypercholesterolaemia
Age Group: 43± 16
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 10
Sources: Page: p.200
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Two novel mutations (Y141H; C214Y) and previously published mutation (R142W) in the RDS-peripherin gene in autosomal dominant macular dystrophies in Spanish families.
2001
A rare case of complete human erythrocyte AMP deaminase deficiency due to two novel missense mutations in AMPD3.
2001
Novel mutations in the GALK1 gene in patients with galactokinase deficiency.
2001
Optimization of experimental conditions for RNA-based sequencing of MLH1 and MSH2 genes.
2001
The dialytic failure of the peritoneal membrane.
2001
AGE in micro- and macroangiopathy.
2001
Signal-binding specificity of the mu4 subunit of the adaptor protein complex AP-4.
2001 Apr 20
An intrahelical salt bridge within the trigger site stabilizes the GCN4 leucine zipper.
2001 Apr 27
Fructose-6-phosphate aldolase is a novel class I aldolase from Escherichia coli and is related to a novel group of bacterial transaldolases.
2001 Apr 6
A positively charged cluster formed in the heme-distal pocket of cytochrome P450nor is essential for interaction with NADH.
2001 Feb 16
Increased affinity of c-Myb for CREB-binding protein (CBP) after CBP-induced acetylation.
2001 Feb 2
Early glycation products produce pentosidine cross-links on native proteins. novel mechanism of pentosidine formation and propagation of glycation.
2001 Feb 9
The nutritional management of urea cycle disorders.
2001 Jan
Current strategies for the management of neonatal urea cycle disorders.
2001 Jan
Biglycan, a vascular proteoglycan, binds differently to HDL2 and HDL3: role of apoE.
2001 Jan
Fibroblast growth factor-2 stimulates endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression and inhibits apoptosis by a nitric oxide-dependent pathway in Nb2 lymphoma cells.
2001 Jan
Effect of AVT antisense oligodeoxynucleotides on AVT release induced by hypertonic stimulation in chicks.
2001 Jan
Impaired renal vascular endothelial function in vitro in experimental hypercholesterolemia.
2001 Jan
How the Pseudomonas aeruginosa ExoS toxin downregulates Rac.
2001 Jan
Agmatine enhances the NADPH oxidase activity of neuronal NO synthase and leads to oxidative inactivation of the enzyme.
2001 Jan
[Ca(2+)](i) signaling in renal arterial smooth muscle cells of pregnant rat is enhanced during inhibition of NOS.
2001 Jan
Increased colocalization of corticotropin-releasing factor and arginine vasopressin in paraventricular neurones of the hypothalamus in lactating rats: evidence from immunotargeted lesions and immunohistochemistry.
2001 Jan
A metabolic fragment of bradykinin, Arg-Pro-Pro-Gly-Phe, protects against the deleterious effects of lipopolysaccharide in rats.
2001 Jan
Altered endothelium-dependent relaxations in lambs with high pulmonary blood flow and pulmonary hypertension.
2001 Jan
Altered TNF-alpha, glucose, insulin, and amino acids in islets of Langerhans cultured in a microgravity model system.
2001 Jan
Regulatory role of arginase I and II in nitric oxide, polyamine, and proline syntheses in endothelial cells.
2001 Jan
In vitro studies of a prolactin antagonist, hPRL-G129R in human breast cancer cells.
2001 Jan
Lower serum activity of prolyl endopeptidase in anorexia and bulimia nervosa.
2001 Jan
Distinct T cell developmental consequences in humans and mice expressing identical mutations in the DLAARN motif of ZAP-70.
2001 Jan 1
Glutamine metabolism to glucosamine is necessary for glutamine inhibition of endothelial nitric oxide synthesis.
2001 Jan 15
Amino acid residues in ribonuclease MC1 from bitter gourd seeds which are essential for uridine specificity.
2001 Jan 16
Structure and organization of bacteriophage Pf3 probed by Raman and ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy.
2001 Jan 16
Upregulation of the nitric oxide-cGMP pathway in aged myocardium: physiological response to l-arginine.
2001 Jan 19
Exercise training in coronary artery disease and coronary vasomotion.
2001 Jan 2
Strengthened arm-dimerization domain interactions in AraC.
2001 Jan 26
Site-specific single amino acid changes to Lys or Arg in the central region of the movement protein of a hybrid bromovirus are required for adaptation to a nonhost.
2001 Jan 5
The role of nitric oxide in bradycardia of rats with obstructive cholestasis.
2001 Jan 5
Crystal structure and novel recognition motif of rho ADP-ribosylating C3 exoenzyme from Clostridium botulinum: structural insights for recognition specificity and catalysis.
2001 Jan 5
C60-Fullerene monomalonate adducts selectively inactivate neuronal nitric oxide synthase by uncoupling the formation of reactive oxygen intermediates from nitric oxide production.
2001 Jan 9
Acetaldehyde, a metabolite of ethanol, activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in the rat.
2001 Jan-Feb
Identification and analysis of the acyl carrier protein (ACP) docking site on beta-ketoacyl-ACP synthase III.
2001 Mar 16
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5 functions as a GTPase-activating protein.
2001 Mar 2
Scanning mutagenesis reveals roles for helix n of the bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase thumb subdomain in transcription complex stability, pausing, and termination.
2001 Mar 30
Substrate-binding clusters of the K+-transporting Kdp ATPase of Escherichia coli investigated by amber suppression scanning mutagenesis.
2001 Mar 30
Peptide leucine arginine, a potent immunomodulatory peptide isolated and structurally characterized from the skin of the Northern Leopard frog, Rana pipiens.
2001 Mar 30
The modulation of oxygen radical production by nitric oxide in mitochondria.
2001 Mar 9
Sequence requirements for the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist activity of conantokin-R.
2001 Mar 9
Identification of the bile acid-binding site of the ileal lipid-binding protein by photoaffinity labeling, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry, and NMR structure.
2001 Mar 9
Rare somatic p53 mutation identified in breast cancer: a case report.
2001 Mar-Apr
The role of nitric oxide on the relaxations of rabbit corpus cavernosum induced by Androctonus australis and Buthotus judaicus scorpion venoms.
2001 May
Patents

Sample Use Guides

In Vivo Use Guide
Curator's Comment:: I.V route is possible: The recommended adult dose is 30 g arginine hydrochloride (300 mL of R-Gene 10) administered by intravenous infusion over 30 minutes. The total dose should not exceed 30 g arginine hydrochloride. https://www.drugs.com/dosage/r-gene-10.html
L-arginine has been studied at oral doses of 6 to 30 g/day for a variety of conditions. Many formulations have been used.
Route of Administration: Oral
A strong inward current in X. laevis oocytes expressing 5.24 (C terminus of the homologous goldfish 5.24 receptor) when L-Arg (L-arginine) was applied at 10 uM. When testing chimera h6A/5.24 (h6A/5.24, containing the ligand binding amino-terminal domain (ATD) of hGPRC6A with the signal transducing transmembrane and C terminus of the homologous goldfish 5.24 receptor) in this system, the responses were obtained with L-Arg at 100 uM.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021
Edited
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021
Record UNII
1221OL1Q9F
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
ARGININE CITRATE
WHO-DD  
Common Name English
L-ARGININE, 2-HYDROXY-1,2,3-PROPANETRICARBOXYLATE (3:1)
Common Name English
ARGININE CITRATE [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
Code System Code Type Description
PUBCHEM
71587350
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB00576MIG
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
CAS
93923-89-8
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
93923-89-8
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
1221OL1Q9F
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
300-179-8
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 11:11:41 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
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