U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

Details

Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Molecular Formula C23H27N3O7.ClH
Molecular Weight 493.937
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED
Defined Stereocenters 4 / 4
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of MINOCYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE

SMILES

Cl.[H][C@@]12CC3=C(C=CC(O)=C3C(=O)C1=C(O)[C@]4(O)C(=O)C(C(N)=O)=C(O)[C@@H](N(C)C)[C@]4([H])C2)N(C)C

InChI

InChIKey=GLMUAFMGXXHGLU-VQAITOIOSA-N
InChI=1S/C23H27N3O7.ClH/c1-25(2)12-5-6-13(27)15-10(12)7-9-8-11-17(26(3)4)19(29)16(22(24)32)21(31)23(11,33)20(30)14(9)18(15)28;/h5-6,9,11,17,27,29-30,33H,7-8H2,1-4H3,(H2,24,32);1H/t9-,11-,17-,23-;/m0./s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C23H27N3O7
Molecular Weight 457.4764
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 4 / 4
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED

Molecular Formula ClH
Molecular Weight 36.461
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Minocycline is a tetracycline analog, having a 7-dimethylamino and lacking the 5 methyl and hydroxyl groups, which is effective against tetracycline-resistant staphylococcus infections. Minocycline has many brand names one of them is minocin, Minocin is indicated in the treatment of the following infections due to susceptible isolates of the designated bacteria: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox and tick fevers caused by rickettsiae. Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Psittacosis (Ornithosis) due to Chlamydophila psittaci etc. Minocycline is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following Gram-negative bacteria when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Escherichia coli. Enterobacter aerogenes. Shigella species etc. MINOCIN also is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following Gram-positive bacteria when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Upper respiratory tract infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. Skin and skin structure infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (Note: Minocycline is not the drug of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection, etc. When penicillin is contraindicated, minocycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of the following infections: Meningitis due to Neisseria meningitidis. Syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum. Yaws caused by Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue, etc. Minocycline passes directly through the lipid bilayer or passively diffuses through porin channels in the bacterial membrane. Minocycline inhibits protein synthesis by binding to 30S and possibly 50S ribosomal subunits of susceptible bacteria.

Approval Year

Targets

Targets

Primary TargetPharmacologyConditionPotency
Conditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Curative
MINOCIN

Approved Use

Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated in the treatment of the following infections due to susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox and tick fevers caused by rickettsiae. Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Psittacosis (Ornithosis) due to Chlamydia psittaci. Trachoma caused by , although the infectious agent is not always eliminated, as judged by immunofluorescence. Chlamydia trachomatis Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Nongonococcal urethritis, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults caused by or Ureaplasma urealyticum Chlamydia trachomatis. Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis. Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi. Plague due to Yersinia pestis. Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis. Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae. Campylobacter fetus infections caused by Campylobacter fetus. Brucellosis due to species (in conjunction with streptomycin). Brucella Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis. Granuloma inguinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis. Minocycline is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Escherichia coli. Enterobacter aerogenes. species. Shigella species. Acinetobacter Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae. Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by species. Klebsiella Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-positive microorganisms when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Upper respiratory tract infections caused by . Streptococcus pneumoniae Skin and skin structure infections caused by (Note: Minocycline is not the drug of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection.) Staphylococcus aureus. When penicillin is contraindicated, minocycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of the following infections: Uncomplicated urethritis in men due to and for the treatment of other gonococcal infections. Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections in women caused by . Neisseria gonorrhoeae Syphilis caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pallidum. Yaws caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pertenue. Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes. Anthrax due to . Bacillus anthracis Vincent’s infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme. Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii. Infections caused by species Clostridium . In acute minocycline may be a useful adjunct to amebicides. intestinal amebiasis, In severe minocycline may be useful adjunctive therapy. acne, Oral minocycline is indicated in the treatment of asymptomatic carriers of to eliminate meningococci from the nasopharynx. In order to preserve the usefulness of minocycline in the treatment of asymptomatic meningococcal carriers, diagnostic laboratory procedures, including serotyping and susceptibility testing, should be performed to establish the carrier state and the correct treatment. It is recommended that the prophylactic use of minocycline be reserved for situations in which the risk of meningococcal meningitis is high. Neisseria meningitidis Oral minocycline is not indicated for the treatment of meningococcal infection. Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, limited clinical data show that oral minocycline hydrochloride has been used successfully in the treatment of infections caused by Mycobacterium marinum. To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of minocycline hydrochloride capsules and other antibacterial drugs, minocycline hydrochloride capsules should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Launch Date

1971
Curative
MINOCIN

Approved Use

Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated in the treatment of the following infections due to susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox and tick fevers caused by rickettsiae. Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Psittacosis (Ornithosis) due to Chlamydia psittaci. Trachoma caused by , although the infectious agent is not always eliminated, as judged by immunofluorescence. Chlamydia trachomatis Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Nongonococcal urethritis, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults caused by or Ureaplasma urealyticum Chlamydia trachomatis. Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis. Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi. Plague due to Yersinia pestis. Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis. Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae. Campylobacter fetus infections caused by Campylobacter fetus. Brucellosis due to species (in conjunction with streptomycin). Brucella Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis. Granuloma inguinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis. Minocycline is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Escherichia coli. Enterobacter aerogenes. species. Shigella species. Acinetobacter Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae. Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by species. Klebsiella Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-positive microorganisms when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Upper respiratory tract infections caused by . Streptococcus pneumoniae Skin and skin structure infections caused by (Note: Minocycline is not the drug of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection.) Staphylococcus aureus. When penicillin is contraindicated, minocycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of the following infections: Uncomplicated urethritis in men due to and for the treatment of other gonococcal infections. Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections in women caused by . Neisseria gonorrhoeae Syphilis caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pallidum. Yaws caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pertenue. Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes. Anthrax due to . Bacillus anthracis Vincent’s infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme. Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii. Infections caused by species Clostridium . In acute minocycline may be a useful adjunct to amebicides. intestinal amebiasis, In severe minocycline may be useful adjunctive therapy. acne, Oral minocycline is indicated in the treatment of asymptomatic carriers of to eliminate meningococci from the nasopharynx. In order to preserve the usefulness of minocycline in the treatment of asymptomatic meningococcal carriers, diagnostic laboratory procedures, including serotyping and susceptibility testing, should be performed to establish the carrier state and the correct treatment. It is recommended that the prophylactic use of minocycline be reserved for situations in which the risk of meningococcal meningitis is high. Neisseria meningitidis Oral minocycline is not indicated for the treatment of meningococcal infection. Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, limited clinical data show that oral minocycline hydrochloride has been used successfully in the treatment of infections caused by Mycobacterium marinum. To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of minocycline hydrochloride capsules and other antibacterial drugs, minocycline hydrochloride capsules should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Launch Date

1971
Curative
MINOCIN

Approved Use

Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated in the treatment of the following infections due to susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox and tick fevers caused by rickettsiae. Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Psittacosis (Ornithosis) due to Chlamydia psittaci. Trachoma caused by , although the infectious agent is not always eliminated, as judged by immunofluorescence. Chlamydia trachomatis Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Nongonococcal urethritis, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults caused by or Ureaplasma urealyticum Chlamydia trachomatis. Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis. Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi. Plague due to Yersinia pestis. Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis. Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae. Campylobacter fetus infections caused by Campylobacter fetus. Brucellosis due to species (in conjunction with streptomycin). Brucella Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis. Granuloma inguinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis. Minocycline is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Escherichia coli. Enterobacter aerogenes. species. Shigella species. Acinetobacter Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae. Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by species. Klebsiella Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-positive microorganisms when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Upper respiratory tract infections caused by . Streptococcus pneumoniae Skin and skin structure infections caused by (Note: Minocycline is not the drug of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection.) Staphylococcus aureus. When penicillin is contraindicated, minocycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of the following infections: Uncomplicated urethritis in men due to and for the treatment of other gonococcal infections. Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections in women caused by . Neisseria gonorrhoeae Syphilis caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pallidum. Yaws caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pertenue. Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes. Anthrax due to . Bacillus anthracis Vincent’s infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme. Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii. Infections caused by species Clostridium . In acute minocycline may be a useful adjunct to amebicides. intestinal amebiasis, In severe minocycline may be useful adjunctive therapy. acne, Oral minocycline is indicated in the treatment of asymptomatic carriers of to eliminate meningococci from the nasopharynx. In order to preserve the usefulness of minocycline in the treatment of asymptomatic meningococcal carriers, diagnostic laboratory procedures, including serotyping and susceptibility testing, should be performed to establish the carrier state and the correct treatment. It is recommended that the prophylactic use of minocycline be reserved for situations in which the risk of meningococcal meningitis is high. Neisseria meningitidis Oral minocycline is not indicated for the treatment of meningococcal infection. Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, limited clinical data show that oral minocycline hydrochloride has been used successfully in the treatment of infections caused by Mycobacterium marinum. To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of minocycline hydrochloride capsules and other antibacterial drugs, minocycline hydrochloride capsules should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Launch Date

1971
Curative
MINOCIN

Approved Use

Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated in the treatment of the following infections due to susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox and tick fevers caused by rickettsiae. Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Psittacosis (Ornithosis) due to Chlamydia psittaci. Trachoma caused by , although the infectious agent is not always eliminated, as judged by immunofluorescence. Chlamydia trachomatis Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Nongonococcal urethritis, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults caused by or Ureaplasma urealyticum Chlamydia trachomatis. Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis. Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi. Plague due to Yersinia pestis. Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis. Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae. Campylobacter fetus infections caused by Campylobacter fetus. Brucellosis due to species (in conjunction with streptomycin). Brucella Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis. Granuloma inguinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis. Minocycline is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Escherichia coli. Enterobacter aerogenes. species. Shigella species. Acinetobacter Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae. Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by species. Klebsiella Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-positive microorganisms when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Upper respiratory tract infections caused by . Streptococcus pneumoniae Skin and skin structure infections caused by (Note: Minocycline is not the drug of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection.) Staphylococcus aureus. When penicillin is contraindicated, minocycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of the following infections: Uncomplicated urethritis in men due to and for the treatment of other gonococcal infections. Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections in women caused by . Neisseria gonorrhoeae Syphilis caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pallidum. Yaws caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pertenue. Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes. Anthrax due to . Bacillus anthracis Vincent’s infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme. Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii. Infections caused by species Clostridium . In acute minocycline may be a useful adjunct to amebicides. intestinal amebiasis, In severe minocycline may be useful adjunctive therapy. acne, Oral minocycline is indicated in the treatment of asymptomatic carriers of to eliminate meningococci from the nasopharynx. In order to preserve the usefulness of minocycline in the treatment of asymptomatic meningococcal carriers, diagnostic laboratory procedures, including serotyping and susceptibility testing, should be performed to establish the carrier state and the correct treatment. It is recommended that the prophylactic use of minocycline be reserved for situations in which the risk of meningococcal meningitis is high. Neisseria meningitidis Oral minocycline is not indicated for the treatment of meningococcal infection. Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, limited clinical data show that oral minocycline hydrochloride has been used successfully in the treatment of infections caused by Mycobacterium marinum. To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of minocycline hydrochloride capsules and other antibacterial drugs, minocycline hydrochloride capsules should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Launch Date

1971
Curative
MINOCIN

Approved Use

Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated in the treatment of the following infections due to susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox and tick fevers caused by rickettsiae. Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Psittacosis (Ornithosis) due to Chlamydia psittaci. Trachoma caused by , although the infectious agent is not always eliminated, as judged by immunofluorescence. Chlamydia trachomatis Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Nongonococcal urethritis, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults caused by or Ureaplasma urealyticum Chlamydia trachomatis. Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis. Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi. Plague due to Yersinia pestis. Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis. Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae. Campylobacter fetus infections caused by Campylobacter fetus. Brucellosis due to species (in conjunction with streptomycin). Brucella Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis. Granuloma inguinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis. Minocycline is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Escherichia coli. Enterobacter aerogenes. species. Shigella species. Acinetobacter Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae. Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by species. Klebsiella Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-positive microorganisms when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Upper respiratory tract infections caused by . Streptococcus pneumoniae Skin and skin structure infections caused by (Note: Minocycline is not the drug of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection.) Staphylococcus aureus. When penicillin is contraindicated, minocycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of the following infections: Uncomplicated urethritis in men due to and for the treatment of other gonococcal infections. Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections in women caused by . Neisseria gonorrhoeae Syphilis caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pallidum. Yaws caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pertenue. Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes. Anthrax due to . Bacillus anthracis Vincent’s infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme. Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii. Infections caused by species Clostridium . In acute minocycline may be a useful adjunct to amebicides. intestinal amebiasis, In severe minocycline may be useful adjunctive therapy. acne, Oral minocycline is indicated in the treatment of asymptomatic carriers of to eliminate meningococci from the nasopharynx. In order to preserve the usefulness of minocycline in the treatment of asymptomatic meningococcal carriers, diagnostic laboratory procedures, including serotyping and susceptibility testing, should be performed to establish the carrier state and the correct treatment. It is recommended that the prophylactic use of minocycline be reserved for situations in which the risk of meningococcal meningitis is high. Neisseria meningitidis Oral minocycline is not indicated for the treatment of meningococcal infection. Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, limited clinical data show that oral minocycline hydrochloride has been used successfully in the treatment of infections caused by Mycobacterium marinum. To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of minocycline hydrochloride capsules and other antibacterial drugs, minocycline hydrochloride capsules should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Launch Date

1971
Primary
MINOCIN

Approved Use

Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated in the treatment of the following infections due to susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsialpox and tick fevers caused by rickettsiae. Respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Lymphogranuloma venereum caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Psittacosis (Ornithosis) due to Chlamydia psittaci. Trachoma caused by , although the infectious agent is not always eliminated, as judged by immunofluorescence. Chlamydia trachomatis Inclusion conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis. Nongonococcal urethritis, endocervical, or rectal infections in adults caused by or Ureaplasma urealyticum Chlamydia trachomatis. Relapsing fever due to Borrelia recurrentis. Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi. Plague due to Yersinia pestis. Tularemia due to Francisella tularensis. Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae. Campylobacter fetus infections caused by Campylobacter fetus. Brucellosis due to species (in conjunction with streptomycin). Brucella Bartonellosis due to Bartonella bacilliformis. Granuloma inguinale caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis. Minocycline is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-negative microorganisms, when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Escherichia coli. Enterobacter aerogenes. species. Shigella species. Acinetobacter Respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae. Respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by species. Klebsiella Minocycline hydrochloride capsules are indicated for the treatment of infections caused by the following gram-positive microorganisms when bacteriologic testing indicates appropriate susceptibility to the drug: Upper respiratory tract infections caused by . Streptococcus pneumoniae Skin and skin structure infections caused by (Note: Minocycline is not the drug of choice in the treatment of any type of staphylococcal infection.) Staphylococcus aureus. When penicillin is contraindicated, minocycline is an alternative drug in the treatment of the following infections: Uncomplicated urethritis in men due to and for the treatment of other gonococcal infections. Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections in women caused by . Neisseria gonorrhoeae Syphilis caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pallidum. Yaws caused by subspecies Treponema pallidum pertenue. Listeriosis due to Listeria monocytogenes. Anthrax due to . Bacillus anthracis Vincent’s infection caused by Fusobacterium fusiforme. Actinomycosis caused by Actinomyces israelii. Infections caused by species Clostridium . In acute minocycline may be a useful adjunct to amebicides. intestinal amebiasis, In severe minocycline may be useful adjunctive therapy. acne, Oral minocycline is indicated in the treatment of asymptomatic carriers of to eliminate meningococci from the nasopharynx. In order to preserve the usefulness of minocycline in the treatment of asymptomatic meningococcal carriers, diagnostic laboratory procedures, including serotyping and susceptibility testing, should be performed to establish the carrier state and the correct treatment. It is recommended that the prophylactic use of minocycline be reserved for situations in which the risk of meningococcal meningitis is high. Neisseria meningitidis Oral minocycline is not indicated for the treatment of meningococcal infection. Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, limited clinical data show that oral minocycline hydrochloride has been used successfully in the treatment of infections caused by Mycobacterium marinum. To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of minocycline hydrochloride capsules and other antibacterial drugs, minocycline hydrochloride capsules should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Launch Date

1971
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
2.63 μg/mL
135 mg 1 times / day steady-state, oral
dose: 135 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: STEADY-STATE
co-administered:
MINOCYCLINE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
AUC

AUC

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
33.32 μg × h/mL
135 mg 1 times / day steady-state, oral
dose: 135 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: STEADY-STATE
co-administered:
MINOCYCLINE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
Overview

Overview

CYP3A4CYP2C9CYP2D6hERG

OverviewOther

Other InhibitorOther SubstrateOther Inducer

Drug as victim

Drug as victim

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
likely
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Activities of WIN-57273, minocycline, clarithromycin, and 14-hydroxy-clarithromycin against Mycobacterium avium complex in human macrophages.
1992 Oct
[Two cases of minocycline-induced vasculitis].
2002 Dec
In vitro activity of 11 antimicrobial agents, including gatifloxacin and GAR936, tested against clinical isolates of Mycobacterium marinum.
2002 Feb
Human organic anion transporters mediate the transport of tetracycline.
2002 Jan
Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium: treatment with chloramphenicol plus minocycline.
2002 Jun 1
Pseudotumor cerebri secondary to minocycline intake.
2002 May-Jun
Pseudotumor cerebri induced by minocycline therapy for acne vulgaris.
2002 Nov-Dec
[Bilateral papilledema in young women: two case reports of benign intracranial hypertension?].
2002 Oct
Comparison of the in vitro activity of the glycylcycline tigecycline (formerly GAR-936) with those of tetracycline, minocycline, and doxycycline against isolates of nontuberculous mycobacteria.
2002 Oct
Minocycline reduces cell death and improves functional recovery after traumatic spinal cord injury in the rat.
2003 Oct
Minocycline inhibits smooth muscle cell proliferation, migration and neointima formation after arterial injury.
2003 Oct
Minocycline prevents glutamate-induced apoptosis of cerebellar granule neurons by differential regulation of p38 and Akt pathways.
2004 Dec
Treatment of olfactory dysfunction, II: studies with minocycline.
2004 Dec
Interstitial pneumonia and hepatitis caused by minocycline.
2004 Feb
Deleterious effects of minocycline in animal models of Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease.
2004 Jun
The headache of teenage acne.
2004 Jun 8
Drug-induced liver injury.
2004 Mar 1
Minocycline inhibits caspase activation and reactivation, increases the ratio of XIAP to smac/DIABLO, and reduces the mitochondrial leakage of cytochrome C and smac/DIABLO.
2004 Mar 3
Minocycline inhibits apoptotic cell death via attenuation of TNF-alpha expression following iNOS/NO induction by lipopolysaccharide in neuron/glia co-cultures.
2004 Nov
An investigation of the neuroprotective effects of tetracycline derivatives in experimental models of retinal cell death.
2004 Nov
A novel action of minocycline: inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in microglia.
2004 Oct
Minocycline inhibits apoptosis and inflammation in a rat model of ischemic renal injury.
2004 Oct
Minocycline protects PC12 cells from ischemic-like injury and inhibits 5-lipoxygenase activation.
2004 Oct 5
Involvement of mitochondrial potential and calcium buffering capacity in minocycline cytoprotective actions.
2005
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: recent advances and future therapies.
2005 Dec
Case report and review of minocycline-induced cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa.
2005 Jun 15
[Minocycline-induced pleurocarditis and eosinophilic pneumonia: à propos of a case].
2005 Mar
Minocycline inhibits oxidative stress and decreases in vitro and in vivo ischemic neuronal damage.
2005 May 17
Safety of doxycycline and minocycline: a systematic review.
2005 Sep
The involvement of norepinephrine and microglia in hypothalamic and splenic IL-1beta responses to stress.
2006 Apr
Protective effects of minocycline on behavioral changes and neurotoxicity in mice after administration of methamphetamine.
2006 Dec 30
Eosinophilic meningitis after implantation of a rifampin and minocycline-impregnated ventriculostomy catheter in a child. Case report.
2006 Jan
Susceptibility to rotenone is increased in neurons from parkin null mice and is reduced by minocycline.
2006 May
Minocycline inhibits caspase-dependent and -independent cell death pathways and is neuroprotective against hippocampal damage after treatment with kainic acid in mice.
2006 May 8
Newer tetracycline derivatives: synthesis, anti-HIV, antimycobacterial activities and inhibition of HIV-1 integrase.
2007 Apr 15
Minocycline delays but does not attenuate the course of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in Streptococcus pneumoniae-infected mice.
2007 Jan
Minocycline-induced cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa.
2007 Jun
Hyperthyroidism and lupus-like syndrome in an adolescent treated with minocycline for acne vulgaris.
2007 May-Jun
Monitoring the protective effects of minocycline treatment with radiolabeled annexin V in an experimental model of focal cerebral ischemia.
2007 Nov
Minocycline inhibits West Nile virus replication and apoptosis in human neuronal cells.
2007 Nov
Minocycline attenuates neuronal cell death and improves cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease models.
2007 Nov
Minocycline toxicity requiring liver transplant.
2007 Nov
Pimecrolimus-induced rosacea-like demodicidosis.
2007 Oct
Role of NF-kappaB and MAPKs in light-induced photoreceptor apoptosis.
2007 Oct
Characterization of rodent models of HIV-gp120 and anti-retroviral-associated neuropathic pain.
2007 Oct
[Severe drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms after treatment with minocycline].
2007 Sep
Minocycline hepatitis.
2008 Aug
Exposure to metal ions regulates mRNA levels of APP and BACE1 in PC12 cells: blockage by curcumin.
2008 Aug 8
Minocycline suppresses morphine-induced respiratory depression, suppresses morphine-induced reward, and enhances systemic morphine-induced analgesia.
2008 Nov
Minocycline promotes dendritic spine maturation and improves behavioural performance in the fragile X mouse model.
2009 Feb
Patents

Sample Use Guides

For Pediatric Patients above 8 years of Age: usual pediatric dose: Initial dose of 4 mg/kg, then 2 mg/kg administered over 60 minutes every 12 hours, not to exceed the usual adult dose. Adults: usual adult dose: Initial dose of 200 mg, then 100 mg administered over 60 minutes ever y 12 hours and should not exceed 400 mg in 24 hours.
Route of Administration: Intravenous
It was investigated the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of minocycline on superinfecting microorganisms isolated from the periodontal pocket and the oral cavity of individuals with chronic periodontitis. Isolates of Enterobacteriaceae (n = 25), Staphylococcus spp. (n = 25), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n = 9) and Candida spp. (n = 25) were included in the study. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of minocycline were determined using the Müeller-Hinton agar dilution method. Staphylococcus spp. isolates were the most sensitive to minocycline with a MIC of 8 microg/mL, followed by Enterobacteriaceae with a MIC of 16 microg/mL. The concentration of 16 microg/mL inhibited 96% of Candida spp. isolates. The MIC for 88.8% of the isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 128 microg/mL. A concentration of 1,000 microg/mL was not enough to inhibit 100% of the tested isolates.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
Edited
by admin
on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
Record UNII
0020414E5U
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
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Name Type Language
MINOCYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE
MART.   MI   ORANGE BOOK   USP   USP-RS   VANDF   WHO-DD  
Common Name English
MINOCIN
Brand Name English
MINOCYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE [MI]
Common Name English
ARESTIN
Brand Name English
Minocycline hydrochloride [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
SOLODYN
Brand Name English
NSC-141993
Code English
MINOCYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE [USP MONOGRAPH]
Common Name English
DYNACIN
Brand Name English
MINOCYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE [VANDF]
Common Name English
MINOLIRA
Brand Name English
AMZEEQ
Brand Name English
MINOCYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE [USP-RS]
Common Name English
MINOCYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE [MART.]
Common Name English
ZILXI
Brand Name English
XIMINO
Brand Name English
MINOCYCLINE HCL
Common Name English
2-NAPHTHACENECARBOXAMIDE, 4,7-BIS(DIMETHYLAMINO)-1,4,4A,5,5A,6,11,12A-OCTAHYDRO-3,10,12,12A-TETRAHYDROXY-1,11-DIOXO-, MONOHYDROCHLORIDE, (4S-(4.ALPHA.,4A.ALPHA.,5A.ALPHA.,12A.ALPHA.))-
Common Name English
4,7-Bis(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-1,11-dioxo-2-naphthacenecarboxamide monohydrochloride
Common Name English
MINOCYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE [ORANGE BOOK]
Common Name English
MINOCYCLINE (AS HYDROCHLORIDE)
Common Name English
MINOCYCLINE HYDROCHLORIDE [JAN]
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
FDA ORPHAN DRUG 213305
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
NCI_THESAURUS C1595
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
FDA ORPHAN DRUG 67092
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
Code System Code Type Description
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
237-099-7
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
DAILYMED
0020414E5U
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
CHEBI
50697
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
SMS_ID
100000091841
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
DTXSID8044545
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB03304MIG
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
RXCUI
6979
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY RxNorm
RS_ITEM_NUM
1444004
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
MERCK INDEX
m7553
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY Merck Index
NCI_THESAURUS
C47622
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
NSC
141993
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
0020414E5U
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
CAS
13614-98-7
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1434
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
DRUG BANK
DBSALT000721
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:18:10 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
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