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Description

Budesonide is a glucocorticoid used in the management of asthma, the treatment of various skin disorders, allergic rhinitis and ulcerative colitis. The precise mechanism of corticosteroid actions on inflammation in asthma is not well known. Inflammation is an important component in the pathogenesis of asthma. Corticosteroids have been shown to have a wide range of inhibitory activities against multiple cell types (e.g., mast cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes) and mediators (e.g., histamine, eicosanoids, leukotrienes, and cytokines) involved in allergic- and non-allergic-mediated inflammation. The anti-inflammatory actions of corticosteroids may contribute to their efficacy in asthma. Commonly reported side effects of budesonide include: acne vulgaris, moon face, and bruise. Other side effects include: ankle edema, hirsutism, weakness, arthralgia, nausea, and rhinitis. Ketoconazole, a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzyme 3A4 (CYP3A4), the main metabolic enzyme for corticosteroids, increased plasma levels of orally ingested budesonide.

CNS Activity

Originator

Approval Year

PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Methodological aspects on clinical trials with inhaled corticosteroids: results of two comparisons between two steroid aerosols in patients with asthma.
1982
Dysphonia caused by inhaled steroids: recognition of a characteristic laryngeal abnormality.
1983 Nov
Contact sensitivity and cross-reactivity of budesonide.
1993 Apr
[Contact allergy to topical glucocorticoids].
1993 Feb
Contact allergies to topical corticosteroids.
1993 Mar
The effect of different corticosteroids and cyclosporin A on interleukin-4 and interleukin-5 release from murine TH2-type T cells.
1994 Aug 1
Frequency of voice problems and cough in patients using pressurized aerosol inhaled steroid preparations.
1995 Apr
Effect of terfenadine and budesonide on nasal symptoms, olfaction, and nasal airway patency following allergen challenge.
1995 Aug
Studies in patients with corticosteroid contact allergy. Understanding cross-reactivity among different steroids.
1995 Jan
Evaluation of the inhibitory effects of budesonide on the mitogen-induced or the allergen-induced activation of blood mononuclear cells isolated from asthmatic patients.
1995 Jul
Effects of glucocorticoids on lymphocyte activation in patients with steroid-sensitive and steroid-resistant asthma.
1996 Dec
Induction of the E-selectin promoter by interleukin 1 and tumour necrosis factor alpha, and inhibition by glucocorticoids.
1997 Dec 1
The effects of inhaled glucocorticoids on bone mass and biochemical markers of bone homeostasis: a 1-year study of beclomethasone versus budesonide.
1997 Jun
[Steroid-induced myopathy in left-sided ulcerative colitis. Successful treatment and continued therapy with the topical steroid budesonide].
1997 Jun 15
Severe hypokalemia after budesonide treatment for Crohn's disease.
1997 Mar
Reversible dementia with parkinsonian features associated with budesonide use.
2006 Aug 22
Prevention of mouse lung tumors and modulation of DNA methylation by combined treatment with budesonide and R115777 (ZarnestraMT).
2006 Dec
[Effects of beclomethasone dipropionate and budesonide on interleukin-13 induced cytokine release, proliferation and differentiation of the human lung fibroblasts].
2007 Aug
Modulation by budesonide of DNA methylation and mRNA expression in mouse lung tumors.
2007 Mar 1
The effect of corticosteroids on the disposal of long-acting beta2-agonists by airway smooth muscle cells.
2007 Nov
Screening of 397 chemicals and development of a quantitative structure--activity relationship model for androgen receptor antagonism.
2008 Apr
Oxidative stress modulates theophylline effects on steroid responsiveness.
2008 Dec 19
Tolerance and rebound with zafirlukast in patients with persistent asthma.
2008 May 19
A novel high-throughput screening assay for putative antidiabetic agents through PPARalpha interactions.
2008 Oct
Mass casualties from acute inhalation of chlorine gas.
2009 Dec
Thirteen-year follow-up of early intervention with an inhaled corticosteroid in patients with asthma.
2009 Dec
Management of Crohn's disease in adults.
2009 Feb
Contact allergy to topical corticosteroids--results from the IVDK and epidemiological risk assessment.
2009 Jan
Expression and regulation of the bile acid transporter, OSTalpha-OSTbeta in rat and human intestine and liver.
2009 Jul
Budesonide prevents cytokine-induced decrease of the relaxant responses to formoterol and terbutaline, but not to salmeterol, in mouse trachea.
2010 Apr
Recurrent spontaneous gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease in autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
2010 Feb
Cell-based and cytokine-directed chemical screen to identify potential anti-multiple myeloma agents.
2010 Jul
Rapid nongenomic actions of inhaled corticosteroids on long-acting β(2)-agonist transport in the airway.
2011 Dec
The role of lithocholic acid in the regulation of bile acid detoxication, synthesis, and transport proteins in rat and human intestine and liver slices.
2011 Feb
Profiling of a prescription drug library for potential renal drug-drug interactions mediated by the organic cation transporter 2.
2011 Jul 14
Role of organic anion-transporting polypeptides for cellular mesalazine (5-aminosalicylic acid) uptake.
2011 Jun
Activities of aldo-keto reductase 1 enzymes on two inhaled corticosteroids: implications for the pharmacological effects of inhaled corticosteroids.
2011 May 30
Hyalinization of the pyloric stomach in CD-1 mice following oral (dietary) administration of the corticosteroid agonists mometasone furoate, budesonide, and flunisolide.
2011 Oct
Contact sensitization in very young children.
2011 Oct
Design and synthesis of long acting inhaled corticosteroids for the treatment of asthma.
2011 Oct 1
Some OH-PCBs are more potent inhibitors of aromatase activity and (anti-) glucocorticoids than non-dioxin like (NDL)-PCBs and MeSO₂-PCBs.
2011 Oct 10
Budesonide/formoterol maintenance and reliever therapy in Asian patients (aged ≥16 years) with asthma: a sub-analysis of the COSMOS study.
2012 Jul 1
Review article: a decision-making algorithm for the management of pregnancy in the inflammatory bowel disease patient.
2012 Mar
Oral and inhaled corticosteroids: differences in P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) mediated efflux.
2012 May 1
Early identification of clinically relevant drug interactions with the human bile salt export pump (BSEP/ABCB11).
2013 Dec
Mechanisms of action of hormone-sensitive lipase in mouse Leydig cells: its role in the regulation of the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein.
2013 Mar 22
Potentiated interaction between ineffective doses of budesonide and formoterol to control the inhaled cadmium-induced up-regulation of metalloproteinases and acute pulmonary inflammation in rats.
2014
Screening of a chemical library reveals novel PXR-activating pharmacologic compounds.
2015 Jan 5
Utilization of human nuclear receptors as an early counter screen for off-target activity: a case study with a compendium of 615 known drugs.
2015 Jun
Thiobenzothiazole-modified Hydrocortisones Display Anti-inflammatory Activity with Reduced Impact on Islet β-Cell Function.
2015 May 22
Patents

Sample Use Guides

In Vivo Use Guide
200 to 400 ug twice daily. If previous therapy was Oral Corticosteroids - 400 to 800 ug twice daily rectal foam: 1 metered dose administered twice daily for 2 weeks followed by 1 metered dose (rectal foam contains 2 mg budesonide per metered dose). Administered once daily for 4 weeks.
Route of Administration: Oral; Nasal; Rectal; Respiratory (Inhalation)
In Vitro Use Guide
Increased hemopoietic activity in naive bone marrow, stimulated by serum obtained 24 h after allergen inhalation from sensitized dogs, can be prevented by prior incubation of the marrow with budesonide (10−7 M).
Name Type Language
BUDESONIDE
EP   INN   JAN   MI   ORANGE BOOK   USAN   USP   USP-RS   VANDF   WHO-DD  
INN   USAN  
Official Name English
BUDESONIDE [USAN]
Common Name English
UCERIS COMPONENT BUDESONIDE
Brand Name English
BUDESONIDE COMPONENT OF UCERIS
Brand Name English
ENTOCORT
Brand Name English
S-1320
Code English
BUDESONIDE [VANDF]
Common Name English
RHINOCORT
Brand Name English
PULMICORT
Brand Name English
BUDESONIDE [MI]
Common Name English
R01AD05
Code English
BUDESONIDE [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
BUDESONIDE [USP]
Common Name English
BUDESONIDE [INN]
Common Name English
BUDESONIDE COMPONENT OF SYMBICORT
Common Name English
SYMBICORT COMPONENT BUDESONIDE
Common Name English
UCERIS
Brand Name English
MAP-0010
Code English
BUDESONIDE [EP]
Common Name English
BUDESONIDE [ORANGE BOOK]
Common Name English
MAP0010
Code English
BUDESONIDE [USP-RS]
Common Name English
BUDESONIDE [JAN]
Common Name English
ENTOCORT EC
Brand Name English
(RS)-11.BETA.,16.ALPHA.,17,21-TETRAHYDROXYPREGNA-1,4-DIENE-3,20-DIONE CYCLIC 16,17-ACETAL WITH BUTYRALDEHYDE
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
WHO-VATC QR03BA02
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-ATC R03BA02
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
FDA ORPHAN DRUG 305710
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
EMA ASSESSMENT REPORTS VYLAER SPIROMAX (AUTHORIZED: ASTHMA, PULMONARY DISEASE, CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE)
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
FDA ORPHAN DRUG 634418
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-ATC R03AK07
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
FDA ORPHAN DRUG 394613
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-ATC R03AK12
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
NDF-RT N0000175576
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
EMA ASSESSMENT REPORTS DUORESP SPIROMAX (AUTHORIZED: ASTHMA, PULMONARY DISEASE, CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE)
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-ESSENTIAL MEDICINES LIST 25.1
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-ATC D07AC09
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
FDA ORPHAN DRUG 227406
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-ATC A07EA06
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
LIVERTOX 125
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-VATC QR01AD05
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
EMA ASSESSMENT REPORTS BIRESP ( AUTHORIZED: ASTHMA, PLUMONARY DISEASE, CRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE)
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
EU-Orphan Drug EU/3/13/1181
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
EMA ASSESSMENT REPORTS LABAZENIT (REFUSED: ASTHMA)
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
NDF-RT N0000175450
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
NCI_THESAURUS C521
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-ATC R01AD05
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-ESSENTIAL MEDICINES LIST 28
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-VATC QR03AK07
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-VATC QA07EA06
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
EMA ASSESSMENT REPORTS BUDESONIDA (AUTHORIZED: ASTHMA, PULMONARY DISEASE, CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE)
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
WHO-VATC QD07AC09
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
Code System Code Type Description
EVMPD
SUB05955MIG
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
INN
4145
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
NCI_THESAURUS
C1027
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
257-139-7
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
DRUG BANK
DB01222
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
RXCUI
19831
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY RxNorm
MESH
D019819
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
IUPHAR
7434
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
LactMed
51333-22-3
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
CAS
51333-22-3
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
MERCK INDEX
M2746
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY Merck Index
EPA CompTox
51333-22-3
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
WIKIPEDIA
BUDESONIDE
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1370
Created by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Mon Oct 21 20:53:27 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
All of the following components must be present:
Definition References