U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

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Fostamatinib is a pro-drug of a Syk inhibitor R406 initially developed by Rigel Pharmaceuticals, but then in-licensed by AstraZeneca. It reached phase III of clinical trials for such diseases as Rheumatoid Arthritis and Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura, however, AstraZeneca decided not to proceed with regulatory filings and return the rights to the compound to Rigel Pharmaceuticals. In 2018 the drug was approved by the FDA for treatment of chronic immune thrombocytopenia. Fostamatinib is being developed for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia (phase II), graft versus host disease (phase I) and ovarian cancer (phase I).
Solifenacin is a competitive muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist. The binding of acetylcholine to these receptors, particularly the M3 receptor subtype, plays a critical role in the contraction of smooth muscle. By preventing the binding of acetylcholine to these receptors, solifenacin reduces smooth muscle tone in the bladder, allowing the bladder to retain larger volumes of urine. It is FDA approved for the treatment of overactive bladder with symptoms of urge urinary incontinence, urgency, and urinary frequency. Common adverse reactions include constipation, Xerostomia. Inhibitors of CYP3A4 may increase the concentration of Solifenacin. Vice versa, CYP3A4 Inducers decrease concentration.
Status:
US Approved Rx (1997)
Source:
BLA103738
(1997)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)

N-isopropyl-N'-phenylparaphenylenediamine (IPPD), an amine antiozonant, is used in rubber manufacture and is a human allergen.
Furosemide, a sulfonamide-type loop diuretic structurally related to bumetanide, is used to manage hypertension and edema associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, and renal disease, including the nephrotic syndrome. Furosemide inhibits water reabsorption in the nephron by blocking the sodium-potassium-chloride cotransporter (NKCC2) in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle. This is achieved through competitive inhibition at the chloride binding site on the cotransporter, thus preventing the transport of sodium from the lumen of the loop of Henle into the basolateral interstitium. Consequently, the lumen becomes more hypertonic while the interstitium becomes less hypertonic, which in turn diminishes the osmotic gradient for water reabsorption throughout the nephron. Because the thick ascending limb is responsible for 25% of sodium reabsorption in the nephron, furosemide is a very potent diuretic. Furosemide is sold under the brand name Lasix among others.
Status:
Investigational
Source:
NCT03939689: Phase 2 Interventional Recruiting Metastatic Prostate Cancer
(2019)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Status:
Investigational
Source:
NCT03679598: Phase 2 Interventional Recruiting Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD)
(2019)
Source URL:

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)



Avelestat, also known as AZD9668, is a novel, oral inhibitor of neutrophil elastase (NE), an enzyme implicated in the signs, symptoms, and disease progression in NE-driven respiratory diseases such as bronchiectasis, Cystic Fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease via its role in the inflammatory process, mucus overproduction, and lung tissue damage. Its development was discontinued due to unknown reasons. Nevertheless, this drug in the phase II of clinical trial as adjunctive therapy in improving insulin sensitivity of insulin-resistant type 2 diabetic subjects. The drug's clinical profile suggests that it will be well tolerated with few, if any, side effects, and the existence of simple methods that can indirectly measure its activity in vivo.
Status:
Other

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ABSOLUTE)

Status:
Other

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (ACHIRAL)

Status:
Other

Class (Stereo):
CHEMICAL (EPIMERIC)