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Details

Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Molecular Formula C21H30O4
Molecular Weight 346.4613
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED
Defined Stereocenters 7 / 7
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of CORTICOSTERONE

SMILES

C[C@@]12CCC(=O)C=C2CC[C@@]3([H])[C@]4([H])CC[C@]([H])(C(=O)CO)[C@@]4(C)C[C@@]([H])([C@@]31[H])O

InChI

InChIKey=OMFXVFTZEKFJBZ-HJTSIMOOSA-N
InChI=1S/C21H30O4/c1-20-8-7-13(23)9-12(20)3-4-14-15-5-6-16(18(25)11-22)21(15,2)10-17(24)19(14)20/h9,14-17,19,22,24H,3-8,10-11H2,1-2H3/t14-,15-,16+,17-,19+,20-,21-/m0/s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C21H30O4
Molecular Weight 346.4613
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 6 / 7
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED

Corticosterone is an adrenocortical steroid, the major glucocorticoid that has modest but significant activities as a mineralocorticoid and a glucocorticoid. Corticosterone is of minor importance in humans but is known, that it has a profound effect on the structure and function of the hippocampus. Brain corticosterone may involve memory storage and emotional stress might cause increases in plasma corticosterone.

CNS Activity

Curator's Comment:: Known to be CNS penetrant in rat. Human data not available

Approval Year

Targets

Targets

Primary TargetPharmacologyConditionPotency
Conditions

Conditions

PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Vitamin E reduces glucocorticoid-induced oxidative stress in rat skeletal muscle.
1998 Dec
Effects of chronic 'Binge' cocaine administration on plasma ACTH and corticosterone levels in mice deficient in DARPP-32.
1999 Sep
Quantitative analysis of the neuroendocrine-immune axis: linear modeling of the effects of exogenous corticosterone and restraint stress on lymphocyte subpopulations in the spleen and thymus in female B6C3F1 mice.
2000 Dec
A functional analysis of EP4 receptor-expressing neurons in mediating the action of prostaglandin E2 within specific nuclei of the brain in response to circulating interleukin-1beta.
2000 May
[Mineralocorticoids in cervical mucous and female blood serum: levels in the preovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle].
2000 Sep
Mild prenatal stress enhances learning performance in the non-adopted rat offspring.
2001
Nociceptin/orphanin FQ regulates neuroendocrine function of the limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.
2001
Light and electron microscopy localization of the 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type I enzyme in the rat.
2001 Apr
Minireview: 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1- a tissue-specific amplifier of glucocorticoid action.
2001 Apr
Endomorphins and activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis.
2001 Apr
Early growth retardation induced by excessive exposure to glucocorticoids in utero selectively increases cardiac GLUT1 protein expression and Akt/protein kinase B activity in adulthood.
2001 Apr
Parabrachial nucleus modulates cardiovascular responses to blood loss.
2001 Apr
Neuroendocrine and behavioral effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in a psychopathological animal model are suggestive of antidepressant-like effects.
2001 Apr
Reversal of acute effects of high dose morphine on lymphocyte activity by chlorisondamine.
2001 Apr 1
Apolipoprotein E deficiency effects on learning in mice are dependent upon the background strain.
2001 Apr 8
Vasopressin pressor receptor-mediated activation of HPA axis by acute ethanol stress in rats.
2001 Feb
Corticosterone differentially modulates expression of corticotropin releasing factor and arginine vasopressin mRNA in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus following either acute or repeated restraint stress.
2001 Feb
Glucocorticoids, androgens, testis mass, and the energetics of vocalization in breeding male frogs.
2001 Feb
Involvement of the suprachiasmatic nucleus in diurnal ACTH and corticosterone responsiveness to stress.
2001 Feb
Increased abundance of distal sodium transporters in rat kidney during vasopressin escape.
2001 Feb
Restraint stress applied prior to chemical sensitization modulates the development of allergic contact dermatitis differently than restraint prior to challenge.
2001 Feb 1
Glucocorticoids modulate the NGF mRNA response in the rat hippocampus after traumatic brain injury.
2001 Feb 23
GRKO mice express an aberrant dexamethasone-binding glucocorticoid receptor, but are profoundly glucocorticoid resistant.
2001 Feb 28
Alterations in chromatin structure are implicated in the activation of the steroid hormone response unit of the ovalbumin gene.
2001 Jan
Altered responsiveness to stress and NMDA following prenatal exposure to cocaine.
2001 Jan
Transport of [3H]MPP+ in an immortalized rat brain microvessel endothelial cell line (RBE 4).
2001 Jan
Bombesin-induced HPA and sympathetic activation requires CRH receptors.
2001 Jan
Effect of acute and repeated restraint stress on glucose oxidation to CO2 in hippocampal and cerebral cortex slices.
2001 Jan
Acute stress rapidly and persistently enhances memory formation in the male rat.
2001 Jan
Corticotropin-releasing hormone mRNA levels in response to chronic mild stress rise in male but not in female rats while tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels decrease in both sexes.
2001 Jan
Sexual diergism in rat hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses to cholinergic stimulation and antagonism.
2001 Jan 1
Vendor differences in cocaine-induced behavioral activity and hormonal interactions in ovariectomized Fischer rats.
2001 Jan 1
Effects of centrally administered orexin-B and orexin-A: a role for orexin-1 receptors in orexin-B-induced hyperactivity.
2001 Jan 1
The effects of a mild stressor on spontaneous alternation in mice.
2001 Jan 8
Maternal essential fatty acid deficiency depresses serum leptin levels in suckling rat pups.
2001 Mar
Long-term fasting and re-feeding in penguins.
2001 Mar
A mutation in the cofactor-binding domain of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 associated with mineralocorticoid hypertension.
2001 Mar
Dantrolene reduces serum TNFalpha and corticosterone levels and muscle calcium, calpain gene expression, and protein breakdown in septic rats.
2001 Mar
Inhibition of aldosterone production in rat adrenal mitochondria by 18-ethynyl-11-deoxycorticosterone: a simple model for kinetic interpretation of mechanism-based inhibitors.
2001 Mar
Cloning and in vitro characterization of alpha 1(I)-collagen 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 transgenes as models for osteoblast-selective inactivation of natural glucocorticoids.
2001 Mar
Long-term colony housing in Long Evans rats: immunological, hormonal, and behavioral consequences.
2001 Mar 1
An experimental model of stress-induced immunosuppression produced by electrical stimulation of the brain in the rat.
2001 Mar 1
Endogenous glucocorticoids play a positive regulatory role in the anti-keyhole limpet hemocyanin in vivo antibody response.
2001 Mar 15
Actions of cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) peptide on regulation of appetite and hypothalamo-pituitary axes in vitro and in vivo in male rats.
2001 Mar 2
Stereotaxic delivery of corticosterone to the amygdala modulates colonic sensitivity in rats.
2001 Mar 2
Role of corticosterone in ethyl carbamate-induced immunosuppression in female BALB/c mice.
2001 Mar 8
Patents

Sample Use Guides

for rats: effects of chronic exposure to corticosterone in drinking water on corticosterone kinetics, blood chemistry, and concentrations of catecholamines in parts of brain were studied in Long-Evans rats. Rats were randomly grouped into 3 x 2 treatments (n=4), with three treatments of drinking water (tap water, or 2.5% ethanol, or 400 microg/mL of corticosterone in 2.5% ethanol) for 28 days and two treatments of gavage with a single dose of either corn oil or corticosterone 20 mg/kg on day 28. Blood samples were collected at 0, 15, 30, 60, 120, 240, 480, and 720 min after dosing to determine plasma corticosterone concentrations.
Route of Administration: Oral
Fibroblast-like synovial cells of rat were stimulated with 10 ng/ml interleukin (IL)-1β for 24 h, and were subsequently, within the next 24 h, treated with or without 10-6 mmol/l corticosterone alone or with 100 nmol/l PF915275. At the end of the second 24 h, PGE2 levels in culture supernatants were assayed. Corticosterone was demonstrated to suppress the mRNA expression levels of inflammatory factors, such as TNF-α and PGE2, induced by IL-1β in vitro. Simultaneously, expression levels of 11β-HSD1 decreased significantly at the mRNA and protein levels (P<0.05).
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021
Edited
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021
Record UNII
W980KJ009P
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
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Name Type Language
CORTICOSTERONE
MI  
Common Name English
NSC-9705
Code English
REICHSTEIN'S SUBSTANCE H
Common Name English
(11.BETA.)-11,21-DIHYDROXYPREGN-4-ENE-3,20-DIONE
Systematic Name English
CORTICOSTERONE [MI]
Common Name English
KENDALL'S COMPOUND B
Common Name English
4-PREGNENE-11.BETA.,21-DIOL-3,20-DIONE
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
CFR 21 CFR 862.1200
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021
LOINC 55842-9
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
LOINC 14042-6
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021
LOINC 25381-5
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
LOINC 55843-7
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
LOINC 2139-4
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
NCI_THESAURUS C2323
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
LOINC 55841-1
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
Code System Code Type Description
NCI_THESAURUS
C393
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
PRIMARY NCIT
CAS
50-22-6
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
5753
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
DRUG BANK
DB04652
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
200-019-6
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
MERCK INDEX
M3794
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
PRIMARY Merck Index
MESH
D003345
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB130501
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
WIKIPEDIA
CORTICOSTERONE
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:34:00 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
W980KJ009P
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
50-22-6
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 06:33:59 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
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TRANSPORTER -> INHIBITOR
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