U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

Details

Stereochemistry RACEMIC
Molecular Formula C24H26N2O4.ClH
Molecular Weight 442.935
Optical Activity ( + / - )
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 1
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of CARVEDILOL HYDROCHLORIDE

SMILES

Cl.COC1=CC=CC=C1OCCNCC(O)COC2=CC=CC3=C2C4=C(N3)C=CC=C4

InChI

InChIKey=OSZYHTJPTLLICF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI=1S/C24H26N2O4.ClH/c1-28-21-10-4-5-11-22(21)29-14-13-25-15-17(27)16-30-23-12-6-9-20-24(23)18-7-2-3-8-19(18)26-20;/h2-12,17,25-27H,13-16H2,1H3;1H

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C24H26N2O4
Molecular Weight 406.4742
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry RACEMIC
Additional Stereochemistry
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 1
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity ( + / - )

Molecular Formula ClH
Molecular Weight 36.461
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Description

Carvedilol competitively blocks β1, β2 and α1 receptors. The drug lacks sympathomimetic activity and has vasodilating properties that are exerted primarily through α1-blockade. Animal models indicate that carvedilol confers protection against myocardial necrosis, arrhythmia and cell damage caused by oxidising free radicals, and the drug has no adverse effects on plasma lipid profiles. COREG® (carvedilol) is a racemic mixture in which nonselective β-adrenoreceptor blocking activity is present in the S(-) enantiomer and α1-adrenergic blocking activity is present in both R(+) and S(-) enantiomers at equal potency. Carvedilol is the first drug of its kind to be approved for the treatment of congestive heart failure, and is now the standard of care for this devastating disease. Carvedilol is also confirmed as effective in the management of mild to moderate hypertension and ischaemic heart disease.

CNS Activity

Approval Year

PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Effects of carvedilol on left ventricular function, mass, and scintigraphic findings in isolated left ventricular non-compaction.
2001 Jul
Catecholamines stimulate interleukin-6 synthesis in rat cardiac fibroblasts.
2001 Jul
Stereoselective effects of (R)- and (S)-carvedilol in humans.
2001 Jul
Radical-scavenging and iron-chelating properties of carvedilol, an antihypertensive drug with antioxidative activity.
2001 Jul 15
Using isoproterenol stress echocardiography to predict the response to carvedilol in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.
2001 Jun
Beta-blockers to reduce mortality in patients with systolic dysfunction: a meta-analysis.
2001 Jun
Bucindolol, a nonselective beta 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptor antagonist, decreases beta-adrenergic receptor density in cultured embryonic chick cardiac myocyte membranes.
2001 Jun
Plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide and adrenomedullin: prognostic utility and prediction of benefit from carvedilol in chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. Australia-New Zealand Heart Failure Group.
2001 Jun 1
Beta-blocker trials seem to be in conflict.
2001 Jun 12
Beta-blockade in chronic heart failure.
2001 Jun 12
Relationship between tumor necrosis factor-alpha production and oxidative stress in the failing hearts of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.
2001 Jun 15
Nebivolol, carvedilol and metoprolol do not influence cardiac Ca(2+) sensitivity.
2001 Jun 22
Random research.
2001 Jun 26
[Options in drug combinations].
2001 Mar
[Adrenergic beta inhibitors in heart insufficiency: which and when?].
2001 Mar
Benefits of beta-blockers in heart failure: a class specific effect?
2001 May
Does intention-to-treat analysis answer all questions in long-term mortality trials? Considerations on the basis of the ANZ trial.
2001 May
Expanding indications for beta-blockers in heart failure.
2001 May 31
Effect of carvedilol on survival in severe chronic heart failure.
2001 May 31
Separation of carvedilol enantiomers in very small volumes of human plasma by capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence.
2001 May 5
Patents

Sample Use Guides

In Vivo Use Guide
Take with food. Individualize dosage and monitor during up-titration. • Heart failure: Start at 3.125 mg twice daily and increase to 6.25, 12.5, and then 25 mg twice daily over intervals of at least 2 weeks. Maintain lower doses if higher doses are not tolerated. • Left ventricular dysfunction following myocardial infarction: Start at 6.25 mg twice daily and increase to 12.5 mg then 25 mg twice daily after intervals of 3 to 10 days. A lower starting dose or slower titration may be used. • Hypertension: Start at 6.25 mg twice daily and increase if needed for blood pressure control to 12.5 mg then 25 mg twice daily over intervals of 1 to 2 weeks.
Route of Administration: Oral
In Vitro Use Guide
Compared with the PDGF-stimulated control, DNA synthesis decreased significantly to 60.3% +/- 10.4% and 18.3% +/- 5.9% in the presence of 1 and 10 microM of carvedilol, respectively (P < 0.05, each). Carvedilol significantly inhibited the activity of VSMCs stimulated by ET-1 and ANG-II. The IC50 of carvedilol was 1-10 microM. CsA only inhibited VSMCs significantly in the PDGF-stimulated subgroup. The addition of CsA in the presence of carvedilol did not affect the inhibitory activity of carvedilol. The pattern of inhibition in the combined group was uniform and similar to that of the carvedilol alone group, regardless of the stimulator used.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Tue Oct 22 00:17:16 UTC 2019
Edited
by admin
on Tue Oct 22 00:17:16 UTC 2019
Record UNII
N9A00DJ8CM
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
CARVEDILOL HYDROCHLORIDE
WHO-DD  
Common Name English
CARVEDILOL HYDROCHLORIDE [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
CARVEDILOL MONOHYDROCHLORIDE
Common Name English
2-PROPANOL, 1-(9H-CARBAZOL-4-YLOXY)-3-((2-(2-METHOXYPHENOXY)ETHYL)AMINO)-, HYDROCHLORIDE (1:1)
Systematic Name English
2-PROPANOL, 1-(9H-CARBAZOL-4-YLOXY)-3-((2-(2-METHOXYPHENOXY)ETHYL)AMINO)-, MONOHYDROCHLORIDE
Common Name English
Code System Code Type Description
EVMPD
SUB01074MIG
Created by admin on Tue Oct 22 00:17:16 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Tue Oct 22 00:17:16 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
11419372
Created by admin on Tue Oct 22 00:17:16 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Tue Oct 22 00:17:16 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
CAS
374779-41-6
Created by admin on Tue Oct 22 00:17:16 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Tue Oct 22 00:17:16 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
Related Record Type Details
PARENT -> SALT/SOLVATE
Related Record Type Details
ACTIVE MOIETY