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Details

Stereochemistry RACEMIC
Molecular Formula C21H27ClN2O2.ClH
Molecular Weight 411.3659
Optical Activity ( + / - )
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 1
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of HYDROXYZINE MONOHYDROCHLORIDE

SMILES

c1ccc(cc1)C(c2ccc(cc2)Cl)N3CCN(CC3)CCOCCO.Cl

InChI

InChIKey=IPSVAUIEEPSJRZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI=1S/C21H27ClN2O2.ClH/c22-20-8-6-19(7-9-20)21(18-4-2-1-3-5-18)24-12-10-23(11-13-24)14-16-26-17-15-25;/h1-9,21,25H,10-17H2;1H

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C21H27ClN2O2
Molecular Weight 374.905
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry RACEMIC
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 1
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity ( + / - )

Molecular Formula ClH
Molecular Weight 36.4609
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Description
Curator's Comment:: Description was created based on several sources, including http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2014/011459s048,011795s025lbl.pdf

Hydroxyzine, a piperazine antihistamine structurally related to buclizine, cyclizine, and meclizine, is used to treat histamine-mediated pruritus or pruritus due to allergy, nausea and vomiting, and, in combination with an opiate agonist, anxiolytic pain. Hydroxyzine is also used as a perioperative sedative and anxiolytic and to manage acute alcohol withdrawal. Hydroxyzine competes with histamine for binding at H1-receptor sites on the effector cell surface, resulting in suppression of histaminic edema, flare, and pruritus. The sedative properties of hydroxyzine occur at the subcortical level of the CNS. Secondary to its central anticholinergic actions, hydroxyzine may be effective as an antiemetic. It is used for symptomatic relief of anxiety and tension associated with psychoneurosis and as an adjunct in organic disease states in which anxiety is manifested.

Approval Year

Targets

Targets

Primary TargetPharmacologyConditionPotency
Target ID: Leishmania (L.) infantum promastigotes viability
59.57 µM [IC50]
38.0 µM [Ki]
Conditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Palliative
VISTARIL

Approved Use

For symptomatic relief of anxiety and tension associated with psychoneurosis and as an adjunct in organic disease states in which anxiety is manifested. Useful in the management of pruritus due to allergic conditions such as chronic urticaria and atopic and contact dermatoses, and in histamine-mediated pruritus.

Launch Date

7.8589441E11
Palliative
VISTARIL

Approved Use

For symptomatic relief of anxiety and tension associated with psychoneurosis and as an adjunct in organic disease states in which anxiety is manifested. Useful in the management of pruritus due to allergic conditions such as chronic urticaria and atopic and contact dermatoses, and in histamine-mediated pruritus.

Launch Date

7.8589441E11
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
31.371 ng/mL
25 mg single, oral
dose: 25 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
HYDROXYZINE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: FASTED
72.5 ng/mL
0.7 mg/kg bw single, oral
dose: 0.7 mg/kg bw
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
HYDROXYZINE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: FASTED
72.5 ng/mL
0.7 mg/kg bw single, oral
dose: 0.7 mg/kg bw
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
HYDROXYZINE serum
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
AUC

AUC

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
479.174 ng × h/mL
25 mg single, oral
dose: 25 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
HYDROXYZINE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: FASTED
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
18.4 h
25 mg single, oral
dose: 25 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
HYDROXYZINE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: FASTED
20 h
0.7 mg/kg bw single, oral
dose: 0.7 mg/kg bw
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
HYDROXYZINE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: FASTED
20 h
0.7 mg/kg bw single, oral
dose: 0.7 mg/kg bw
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
HYDROXYZINE serum
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
Doses

Doses

DosePopulationAdverse events​
50 mg 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 19 - 34 yars
n = 19
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: seasonal allergic rhinitis
Age Group: 19 - 34 yars
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 19
Sources:
Disc. AE: Drowsiness...
Other AEs: Drowsiness, Dry mouth...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Drowsiness (1 patient)
Other AEs:
Drowsiness (17 patients)
Dry mouth (12 patients)
Irritability (7 patients)
Dizziness (3 patients)
Sources:
AEs

AEs

AESignificanceDosePopulation
Drowsiness 1 patient
Disc. AE
50 mg 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 19 - 34 yars
n = 19
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: seasonal allergic rhinitis
Age Group: 19 - 34 yars
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 19
Sources:
Dry mouth 12 patients
50 mg 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 19 - 34 yars
n = 19
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: seasonal allergic rhinitis
Age Group: 19 - 34 yars
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 19
Sources:
Drowsiness 17 patients
50 mg 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 19 - 34 yars
n = 19
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: seasonal allergic rhinitis
Age Group: 19 - 34 yars
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 19
Sources:
Dizziness 3 patients
50 mg 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 19 - 34 yars
n = 19
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: seasonal allergic rhinitis
Age Group: 19 - 34 yars
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 19
Sources:
Irritability 7 patients
50 mg 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 50 mg, 3 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 19 - 34 yars
n = 19
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: seasonal allergic rhinitis
Age Group: 19 - 34 yars
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 19
Sources:
Overview

Overview

CYP3A4CYP2C9CYP2D6hERG


OverviewOther

Other InhibitorOther SubstrateOther Inducer




Drug as perpetrator​

Drug as perpetrator​

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
likely
yes [Ki 4 uM]
Drug as victim

Drug as victim

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
no
Tox targets
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Circulatory and respiratory effects of hydroxyzine in volunteers and geriatric patients.
1968 Jul-Aug
A comparison of acrivastine versus hydroxyzine and placebo in the treatment of chronic idiopathic urticaria.
1989
Prolongation of simple and choice reaction times in a double-blind comparison of twice-daily hydroxyzine versus terfenadine.
1989 Sep
Binding characteristics of cetirizine and levocetirizine to human H(1) histamine receptors: contribution of Lys(191) and Thr(194).
2002 Feb
[Pruritus without skin manifestation--what kind of state of the art nursing intervention?].
2003 Oct
Psoriasis vulgaris flare during efalizumab therapy does not preclude future use: a case series.
2005 Aug 18
Neonatal seizures associated with maternal hydroxyzine hydrochloride in late pregnancy.
2005 Nov-Dec
Hydroxyzine, a first generation H(1)-receptor antagonist, inhibits human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) current and causes syncope in a patient with the HERG mutation.
2008 Dec
Masitinib in the treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis: results of a multicentre, open-label, dose-ranging, phase 2a study.
2009
Characterization of anti-inflammatory properties and evidence for no sedation liability for the novel antihistamine SUN-1334H.
2010
Profiling of a prescription drug library for potential renal drug-drug interactions mediated by the organic cation transporter 2.
2011 Jul 14
Selective inhibition of hepatitis C virus infection by hydroxyzine and benztropine.
2014 Jun
Patents

Sample Use Guides

For symptomatic relief of anxiety and tension associated with psychoneurosis and as an adjunct in organic disease states in which anxiety is manifested: in adults, 50-100 mg q.i.d.; children under 6 years, 50 mg daily in divided doses; and over 6 years, 50-100 mg daily in divided doses. For use in the management of pruritus due to allergic conditions such as chronic urticaria and atopic and contact dermatoses, and in histamine-mediated pruritus: in adults, 25 mg t.i.d. or q.i.d.; children under 6 years, 50 mg daily in divided doses; and over 6 years, 50-100 mg daily in divided doses. As a sedative when used as a premedication and following general anesthesia: 50-100 mg in adults, and 0.6 mg/kg in children.
Route of Administration: Oral
In Vitro Use Guide
Hydroxyzine reduced carbachol-induced serotonin release by 25% at 10(-6) M and 34% at 10(-5) M in rat bladder mast cells
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 10:59:45 UTC 2021
Edited
by admin
on Sat Jun 26 10:59:45 UTC 2021
Record UNII
CA67JF5Q4W
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
HYDROXYZINE MONOHYDROCHLORIDE
Common Name English
ETHANOL, 2-(2-(4-((4-CHLOROPHENYL)PHENYLMETHYL)-1-PIPERAZINYL)ETHOXY)-, HYDROCHLORIDE (1:1)
Systematic Name English
ETHANOL, 2-(2-(4-((4-CHLOROPHENYL)PHENYLMETHYL)-1-PIPERAZINYL)ETHOXY)-, MONOHYDROCHLORIDE
Systematic Name English
ETHANOL, 2-(2-(4-(P-CHLORO-.ALPHA.-PHENYLBENZYL)-1-PIPERAZINYL)ETHOXY)-, MONOHYDROCHLORIDE
Systematic Name English
2-(2-(4-((4-CHLOROPHENYL)PHENYLMETHYL)PIPERAZIN-1-YL)ETHOXY)ETHANOL HYDROCHLORIDE
Systematic Name English
Code System Code Type Description
FDA UNII
CA67JF5Q4W
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:59:46 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:59:46 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
71612
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:59:46 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:59:46 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
214-989-3
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:59:46 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:59:46 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
CAS
1244-76-4
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:59:46 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:59:46 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
1244-76-4
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:59:46 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:59:46 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
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