U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

Details

Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Molecular Formula C15H12N2O.2H2O
Molecular Weight 272.2991
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of CARBAMAZEPINE DIHYDRATE

SMILES

O.O.NC(=O)N1C2=CC=CC=C2C=CC3=C1C=CC=C3

InChI

InChIKey=UPTJXAHTRRBMJE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI=1S/C15H12N2O.2H2O/c16-15(18)17-13-7-3-1-5-11(13)9-10-12-6-2-4-8-14(12)17;;/h1-10H,(H2,16,18);2*1H2

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula H2O
Molecular Weight 18.0153
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Molecular Formula C15H12N2O
Molecular Weight 236.2686
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Description

Carbamazepine is an analgesic, anti-epileptic agent that is FDA approved for the treatment of epilepsy, trigeminal neuralgia. It appears to act by reducing polysynaptic responses and blocking the post-tetanic potentiation. It depresses thalamic potential and bulbar and polysynaptic reflexes, including the linguomandibular reflex in cats. Commonly reported side effects of carbamazepine include: dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, ataxia, and vomiting. Carbamazepine is a potent inducer of hepatic CYP1A2, 2B6, 2C9/19, and 3A4 and may reduce plasma concentrations of concomitant medications mainly metabolized by CYP1A2, 2B6, 2C9/19, and 3A4 through induction of their metabolism, like Boceprevir, Cyclophosphamide, Aripiprazole, Tacrolimus, Temsirolimus and others.

CNS Activity

Originator

Approval Year

PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
New developments in the pharmacotherapy of alcohol dependence.
2001
Investigation and medical management of trigeminal neuralgia by consultant oral and maxillofacial surgeons in the British Isles.
2001 Apr
Novel treatments for bipolar disorder.
2001 Apr
Mood and behavioural disorders following traumatic brain injury: clinical evaluation and pharmacological management.
2001 Feb
Determination of the antiepileptics vigabatrin and gabapentin in dosage forms and biological fluids using Hantzsch reaction.
2001 Feb
Illness characteristics and their association with prescription patterns for bipolar I disorder.
2001 Feb
Population pharmacokinetic modeling of steady state carbamazepine clearance in children, adolescents, and adults.
2001 Feb
Cardiac arrest after fast intravenous infusion of phenytoin mistaken for fosphenytoin.
2001 Feb
Antiepileptic drug withdrawal in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy undergoing presurgical video-EEG monitoring.
2001 Feb
Functional changes and adverse reactions after successful treatment of hereditary myokymia: a case report.
2001 Feb
Recommendations for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia.
2001 Feb
Interactions between carbamazepine and polyethylene glycol (PEG) 6000: characterisations of the physical, solid dispersed and eutectic mixtures.
2001 Feb
Glutamate receptor antagonists differentially affect the protective activity of conventional antiepileptics against amygdala-kindled seizures in rats.
2001 Feb
Prolonged epileptic blindness in an infant associated with cortical dysplasia.
2001 Feb
Anticonvulsant and sodium channel blocking activity of higher doses of clenbuterol.
2001 Feb
The influence of food on the bioavailability of a twice-daily controlled release carbamazepine formulation.
2001 Feb
Relation between dosage of carbamazepine and concentration in hair and plasma samples from a compliant inpatient epileptic population.
2001 Feb
Adverse drug interaction between risperidone and carbamazepine in a patient with chronic schizophrenia and deficient CYP2D6 activity.
2001 Feb
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma: report of a case diagnosed by intraoperative cytopathological examination.
2001 Feb
Rufinamide: a double-blind, placebo-controlled proof of principle trial in patients with epilepsy.
2001 Feb
The response of neuropathic pain and pain in complex regional pain syndrome I to carbamazepine and sustained-release morphine in patients pretreated with spinal cord stimulation: a double-blinded randomized study.
2001 Feb
Independent short-term variability of spike-like (600 Hz) and postsynaptic (N20) cerebral SEP components.
2001 Feb 12
A model of atypical absence seizures: EEG, pharmacology, and developmental characterization.
2001 Feb 13
[Maintenance dose requirement for phenytoin is lowered in genetically impaired drug metabolism independent of concommitant use of other antiepileptics].
2001 Feb 17
[Febrile convulsions, Treatment and prognosis].
2001 Feb 19
Determination of drug residues in water by the combination of liquid chromatography or capillary electrophoresis with electrospray mass spectrometry.
2001 Feb 23
[Carbamazepine-induced SIADH with clinical signs of delirium].
2001 Jan
Seizures in multiple sclerosis.
2001 Jan
Carbamazepine hypersensitivity syndrome mimicking mycosis fungoides.
2001 Jan
Relief of cluster headache and cranial neuralgias. Promising prophylactic and symptomatic treatments.
2001 Jan
Ritonavir-induced carbamazepine toxicity.
2001 Jan
Acute intermittent porphyria, seizures, and antiepileptic drugs: a report on a 3-year-old Nigerian boy.
2001 Jan
Effects of antiepileptic drugs on rat platelet aggregation: ex vivo and in vitro study.
2001 Jan
Effect of drugs used for neuropathic pain management on tetrodotoxin-resistant Na(+) currents in rat sensory neurons.
2001 Jan
Carbamazepine overdose recognized by a tricyclic antidepressant assay.
2001 Jan
[Klüver-Bucy syndrome in herpetic meningoencephalitis].
2001 Jan 27
Reproductive effects of valproate, carbamazepine, and oxcarbazepine in men with epilepsy.
2001 Jan 9
Changes in color vision after a single dose of vigabatrin or carbamazepine in healthy volunteers.
2001 Jan-Feb
Mood stabilizers and ion regulation.
2001 Jan-Feb
Taking the sting out of trigeminal neuralgia.
2001 Mar
Effects of antimanic mood-stabilizing drugs on fetuses, neonates, and nursing infants.
2001 Mar
Influence of retigabine on the anticonvulsant activity of some antiepileptic drugs against audiogenic seizures in DBA/2 mice.
2001 Mar
Treatment of bipolar affective disorder in clinical practice.
2001 Mar
Association of human herpesvirus 6 infection with drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms.
2001 Mar
Mood-stabilisers reduce the risk of developing antidepressant-induced maniform states in acute treatment of bipolar I depressed patients.
2001 Mar
Suppressive effects of oxcarbazepine on tooth pulp-evoked potentials recorded at the trigeminal spinal tract nucleus in cats.
2001 Mar
The effects of terpene enhancers on the percutaneous permeation of drugs with different lipophilicities.
2001 Mar 14
Separation of olanzapine, carbamazepine and their main metabolites by capillary electrophoresis with pseudo-stationary phases.
2001 Mar 5
Rapid loss of insulin secretion in a patient with fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus and carbamazepine hypersensitivity syndrome.
2001 Mar 7
New anticonvulsants for use in pediatric patients (part I).
2001 Mar-Apr
Patents

Sample Use Guides

In Vivo Use Guide
Initial Dose: 400 mg per day. Subsequent Dose: add up to 200 mg per day at weekly intervals. Maximum daily dose is 1600 mg
Route of Administration: Oral; Intravenous
In Vitro Use Guide
Human liver microsomes (HLMs) converted carbamazepine (30-300 microM) to 3-hydroxycarbamazepine at rates >25 times those of 2-hydroxycarbamazepine. Rates of carbamazepine 2- and 3-hydroxylation correlated strongly with CYP2B6 activity (r >or= 0.757) in a panel of HLMs (n = 8). Carbamazepine 3-hydroxylation also correlated significantly with CYP2C8 activity at a carbamazepine concentration of 30 microM.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Tue Oct 22 14:17:21 UTC 2019
Edited
by admin
on Tue Oct 22 14:17:21 UTC 2019
Record UNII
78M1RMW7Q8
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
CARBAMAZEPINE DIHYDRATE
Common Name English
5H-DIBENZ(B,F)AZEPINE-5-CARBOXAMIDE, HYDRATE (1:2)
Systematic Name English
Code System Code Type Description
PUBCHEM
158856
Created by admin on Tue Oct 22 14:17:21 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Tue Oct 22 14:17:21 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
CAS
85756-57-6
Created by admin on Tue Oct 22 14:17:21 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Tue Oct 22 14:17:21 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
85756-57-6
Created by admin on Tue Oct 22 14:17:21 UTC 2019 , Edited by admin on Tue Oct 22 14:17:21 UTC 2019
PRIMARY
Related Record Type Details
PARENT -> SALT/SOLVATE