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Details

Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Molecular Formula C16H18N2O4S.C4H4N2
Molecular Weight 414.478
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED
Defined Stereocenters 3 / 3
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of PYRIMIDINE PENICILLIN G

SMILES

C1=CN=CN=C1.[H][C@]23SC(C)(C)[C@@H](N2C(=O)[C@H]3NC(=O)CC4=CC=CC=C4)C(O)=O

InChI

InChIKey=ZMZWDDSEAIEIPT-LQDWTQKMSA-N
InChI=1S/C16H18N2O4S.C4H4N2/c1-16(2)12(15(21)22)18-13(20)11(14(18)23-16)17-10(19)8-9-6-4-3-5-7-9;1-2-5-4-6-3-1/h3-7,11-12,14H,8H2,1-2H3,(H,17,19)(H,21,22);1-4H/t11-,12+,14-;/m1./s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C4H4N2
Molecular Weight 80.088
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Molecular Formula C16H18N2O4S
Molecular Weight 334.39
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 3 / 3
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED

Penicillin G, also known as benzylpenicillin, is a penicillin derivative commonly used in the form of its sodium or potassium salts in the treatment of a variety of infections. It is effective against most gram-positive bacteria and against gram-negative cocci. It is administered intravenously or intramuscularly due to poor oral absorption. Penicillin G may also be used in some cases as prophylaxis against susceptible organisms. Microbiology Penicillin G is bactericidal against penicillin-susceptible microorganisms during the stage of active multiplication. It acts by inhibiting biosynthesis of cell-wall mucopeptide. It is not active against the penicillinase-producing bacteria, which include many strains of staphylococci. Penicillin G is highly active in vitro against staphylococci (except penicillinase-producing strains), streptococci (groups A, B, C, G, H, L and M), pneumococci and Neisseria meningitidis. Other organisms susceptible in vitro to penicillin G are Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Bacillus anthracis, clostridia, Actinomyces species, Spirillum minus, Streptobacillus monillformis, Listeria monocytogenes, and leptospira; Treponema pallidum is extremely susceptible. Adverse effects can include hypersensitivity reactions including urticaria, fever, joint pains, rashes, angioedema, anaphylaxis, serum sickness-like reaction.

Approval Year

Targets

Targets

Primary TargetPharmacologyConditionPotency
Conditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Curative
PENICILLIN G SODIUM

Approved Use

Penicillin G Sodium for Injection, USP is indicated in the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms. Appropriate culture and susceptibility tests should be done before treatment in order to isolate and identify organisms causing infection and to determine their susceptibility to penicillin G. Therapy with Penicillin G Sodium for Injection, USP may be initiated before results of such tests are known when there is reason to believe the infection may involve any of the organisms listed below, however, once these results become available, appropriate therapy should be continued

Launch Date

2001
Curative
PENICILLIN G SODIUM

Approved Use

Penicillin G Sodium for Injection, USP is indicated in the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms. Appropriate culture and susceptibility tests should be done before treatment in order to isolate and identify organisms causing infection and to determine their susceptibility to penicillin G. Therapy with Penicillin G Sodium for Injection, USP may be initiated before results of such tests are known when there is reason to believe the infection may involve any of the organisms listed below, however, once these results become available, appropriate therapy should be continued

Launch Date

2001
Curative
PENICILLIN G SODIUM

Approved Use

Penicillin G Sodium for Injection, USP is indicated in the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms. Appropriate culture and susceptibility tests should be done before treatment in order to isolate and identify organisms causing infection and to determine their susceptibility to penicillin G. Therapy with Penicillin G Sodium for Injection, USP may be initiated before results of such tests are known when there is reason to believe the infection may involve any of the organisms listed below, however, once these results become available, appropriate therapy should be continued

Launch Date

2001
Primary
PENICILLIN G SODIUM

Approved Use

Penicillin G Sodium for Injection, USP is indicated in the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms. Appropriate culture and susceptibility tests should be done before treatment in order to isolate and identify organisms causing infection and to determine their susceptibility to penicillin G. Therapy with Penicillin G Sodium for Injection, USP may be initiated before results of such tests are known when there is reason to believe the infection may involve any of the organisms listed below, however, once these results become available, appropriate therapy should be continued

Launch Date

2001
Primary
PENICILLIN G SODIUM

Approved Use

Penicillin G Sodium for Injection, USP is indicated in the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms. Appropriate culture and susceptibility tests should be done before treatment in order to isolate and identify organisms causing infection and to determine their susceptibility to penicillin G. Therapy with Penicillin G Sodium for Injection, USP may be initiated before results of such tests are known when there is reason to believe the infection may involve any of the organisms listed below, however, once these results become available, appropriate therapy should be continued

Launch Date

2001
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
400 μg/mL
5000000 unit single, intravenous
dose: 5000000 unit
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
PENICILLIN G serum
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: UNKNOWN
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
4.1 day
1200000 unit single, intramuscular
dose: 1200000 unit
route of administration: Intramuscular
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
PENICILLIN G serum
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
Funbound

Funbound

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
65%
12000000 unit 1 times / day steady-state, intravenous
dose: 12000000 unit
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: STEADY-STATE
co-administered:
PENICILLIN G plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE / MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
40%
PENICILLIN G serum
Homo sapiens
population: UNKNOWN
age: UNKNOWN
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
Overview

Overview

CYP3A4CYP2C9CYP2D6hERG

OverviewOther

Other InhibitorOther SubstrateOther Inducer





Drug as perpetrator​

Drug as perpetrator​

Drug as victim

Drug as victim

Sourcing

Sourcing

Vendor/AggregatorIDURL
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Anaphylaxis manifested by hypotension alone.
1975 Jan
Routine prophylactic antibiotic use in the management of snakebite.
2001
[Severe community-acquired pneumonia: etiology].
2001
Melatonin might be one possible medium of electroacupuncture anti-seizures.
2001
Successful shortening from seven to four days of parenteral beta-lactam treatment for common childhood infections: a prospective and randomized study.
2001
Benzylpenicillin-induced prolonged cholestasis.
2001 Jun
[The use of veterinary drugs during pregnancy of the dog].
2001 Nov 15
Molecular dynamics simulations of the mononuclear zinc-beta-lactamase from Bacillus cereus complexed with benzylpenicillin and a quantum chemical study of the reaction mechanism.
2001 Oct 10
Tetracycline-resistance genes of Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium septicum and Clostridium sordellii isolated from cattle affected with malignant edema.
2001 Oct 22
Antibiotic usage in Nordic countries.
2001 Sep
Inhibition of translocation of beta -lactamase into the yeast endoplasmic reticulum by covalently bound benzylpenicillin.
2001 Sep 14
[Benzylpenicillin efficacy for neutropenic infection prophylaxis in patients with cancer and postcytostatic neutropenia].
2002
[The Pneumococcal Observatory for the Central Region, 1 April 1999 to 31 March 2000].
2002 Apr
Cysteine is exported from the Escherichia coli cytoplasm by CydDC, an ATP-binding cassette-type transporter required for cytochrome assembly.
2002 Dec 20
[Post-marketing surveillance of antibacterial activities of cefozopran against various clinical isolates--I. Gram-positive bacteria].
2002 Feb
Controlled administration of penicillin to patients with a positive history but negative skin and specific serum IgE tests.
2002 Feb
The 2.4-A crystal structure of the penicillin-resistant penicillin-binding protein PBP5fm from Enterococcus faecium in complex with benzylpenicillin.
2002 Jul
Characterization of specific IgE response in vitro against protein and drug allergens using atopic and normal donors.
2002 Mar
Expression and functional characterization of rat organic anion transporter 3 (rOat3) in the choroid plexus.
2002 May
beta-Lactam allergenic determinants: fine structural recognition of a cross-reacting determinant on benzylpenicillin and cephalothin.
2002 Nov
Mechanism of the reduced elimination clearance of benzylpenicillin from cerebrospinal fluid in rats with intracisternal administration of lipopolysaccharide.
2002 Nov
[Antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae isolated in major hospitals in Nagano Prefecture].
2002 Oct
Role of blood-brain barrier organic anion transporter 3 (OAT3) in the efflux of indoxyl sulfate, a uremic toxin: its involvement in neurotransmitter metabolite clearance from the brain.
2002 Oct
Modulation of GABA(A) receptor-mediated currents by benzophenone derivatives in isolated rat Purkinje neurones.
2002 Sep
Benzylpenicillin differentially conjugates to IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-4 and IL-13 but selectively reduces IFN-gamma activity.
2003 Feb
High-performance thin-layer chromatography-bioautography for multiple antibiotic residues in cow's milk.
2003 Feb 5
Patents

Sample Use Guides

Serious infections due to susceptible strains of streptococci (including S. pneumoniae): 5 to 24 million units/day depending on the infection and its severity administered in equally divided doses every 4 to 6 hours Anthrax: Minimum of 8 million units/day in divided doses every 6 hours. Higher doses may be required depending on susceptibility of organism Actinomycosis: 1 to 6 million units/day Diphtheria (adjunctive therapy to antitoxin and for the prevention of the carrier state): 2 to 3 million units/day in divided doses for 10 to 12 days Listeria infections, Meningitis: 15 to 20 million units/day for 2 weeks
Route of Administration: Other
It was studied the antioxidant activity of penicillin G (PG) through its reactivity towards reactive oxygen species (superoxide anion radical, O2•̅; hydroxyl radical, HO• ; peroxyl radical, ROO• ; hydrogen peroxide, H2 O2 ; DPPH• ) using various in vitro antioxidant assays with chemiluminescence (CL) and spectrophotometry as measurement techniques. In hydroxyl radical assays , PG was found to inhibit the CL signal arising from the Fenton-like reaction in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 = 0.480 ± 0.020 mM. The highest reactivity of PG among the tested penicillins towards the HO radical was confirmed in the deoxyribose degradation assay.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Sat Dec 16 11:52:18 GMT 2023
Edited
by admin
on Sat Dec 16 11:52:18 GMT 2023
Record UNII
46917D13T1
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
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Name Type Language
PYRIMIDINE PENICILLIN G
Common Name English
4-THIA-1-AZABICYCLO(3.2.0)HEPTANE-2-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 3,3-DIMETHYL-7-OXO-6-((PHENYLACETYL)AMINO)-(2S-(2.ALPHA.,5.ALPHA.,6.BETA.))-, COMPD. WITH PYRIMIDINE
Common Name English
4-THIA-1-AZABICYCLO(3.2.0)HEPTANE-2-CARBOXYLIC ACID, 3,3-DIMETHYL-7-OXO-6-((PHENYLACETYL)AMINO)- (2S,5R,6R)-, COMPD. WITH PYRIMIDINE
Systematic Name English
PYRIMIDINE, (2S-(2.ALPHA.,5.ALPHA.,6.BETA.))-3,3-DIMETHYL-7-OXO-6-((PHENYLACETYL)AMINO)-4-THIA-1-AZABICYCLO(3.2.0)HEPTANE-2-CARBOXYLATE
Common Name English
PYRIMIDINE, (2S,5R,6R)-3,3-DIMETHYL-7-OXO-6-((PHENYLACETYL)AMINO)-4-THIA-1-AZABICYCLO(3.2.0)HEPTANE-2-CARBOXYLATE
Systematic Name English
Benzylpenicillin aminomethomidine [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
Code System Code Type Description
PUBCHEM
6453811
Created by admin on Sat Dec 16 11:52:18 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Sat Dec 16 11:52:18 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
DTXSID80208143
Created by admin on Sat Dec 16 11:52:18 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Sat Dec 16 11:52:18 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
CAS
59413-33-1
Created by admin on Sat Dec 16 11:52:18 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Sat Dec 16 11:52:18 GMT 2023
NON-SPECIFIC STOICHIOMETRY
FDA UNII
46917D13T1
Created by admin on Sat Dec 16 11:52:18 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Sat Dec 16 11:52:18 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
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