U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Divider Arrow National Institutes of Health Divider Arrow NCATS

Details

Stereochemistry RACEMIC
Molecular Formula C18H18N3O3S.K
Molecular Weight 395.517
Optical Activity ( + / - )
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 1
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of ROSIGLITAZONE POTASSIUM

SMILES

[K+].CN(CCOC1=CC=C(CC2SC(=O)[N-]C2=O)C=C1)C3=CC=CC=N3

InChI

InChIKey=RWOGCLSZSSKLEN-UHFFFAOYSA-M
InChI=1S/C18H19N3O3S.K/c1-21(16-4-2-3-9-19-16)10-11-24-14-7-5-13(6-8-14)12-15-17(22)20-18(23)25-15;/h2-9,15H,10-12H2,1H3,(H,20,22,23);/q;+1/p-1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C18H19N3O3S
Molecular Weight 357.427
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry RACEMIC
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 1
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity ( + / - )

Molecular Formula K
Molecular Weight 39.0983
Charge 1
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Description
Curator's Comment: description was created based on several sources, including: https://www.drugs.com/mtm/rosiglitazone.html http://www.rxlist.com/avandia-drug.htm http://www.wikidoc.org/index.php/Rosiglitazone

Rosiglitazone acts as a highly selective and potent agonist at peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPAR) in target tissues for insulin action such as adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, and liver. It is FDA approved for the treatment of as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Inhibitors of CYP2C8 (e.g., gemfibrozil) may increase rosiglitazone levels; inducers of CYP2C8 (e.g., rifampin) may decrease rosiglitazone levels. Common adverse reactions include edema, weight gain, and headache.

Approval Year

TargetsConditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Primary
AVANDIA

Approved Use

After consultation with a healthcare professional who has considered and advised the patient of the risks and benefits of rosiglitazone, AVANDAMET® is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control when treatment with both rosiglitazone and metformin is appropriate in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus who either are: already taking rosiglitazone, or not already taking rosiglitazone and unable to achieve glycemic control on other diabetes medications and, in consultation with their healthcare provider, have decided not to take pioglitazone (ACTOS®) or pioglitazone-containing products (ACTOPLUS MET®, ACTOPLUS MET XR®, DUETACT®) for medical reasons. Other Important Limitations of Use: Due to its mechanism of action, rosiglitazone is active only in the presence of endogenous insulin. Therefore, AVANDAMET should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes. Coadministration of AVANDAMET with insulin is not recommended [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2, 5.3)

Launch Date

9.2759038E11
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
432 ng/mL
8 mg single, oral
dose: 8 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ROSIGLITAZONE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNKNOWN
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: FED
598 ng/mL
8 mg single, oral
dose: 8 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ROSIGLITAZONE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNKNOWN
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: FASTED
AUC

AUC

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
2890 ng × h/mL
8 mg single, oral
dose: 8 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ROSIGLITAZONE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNKNOWN
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: FED
2971 ng × h/mL
8 mg single, oral
dose: 8 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ROSIGLITAZONE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNKNOWN
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: FASTED
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
3.59 h
8 mg single, oral
dose: 8 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ROSIGLITAZONE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNKNOWN
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: FED
3.37 h
8 mg single, oral
dose: 8 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
ROSIGLITAZONE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNKNOWN
age: ADULT
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: FASTED
Doses

Doses

DosePopulationAdverse events​
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.105
unhealthy, 53.1
n = 32
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
Age Group: 53.1
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 32
Sources: Page: p.105
DLT: Headache, Malaise...
Disc. AE: Pain in leg...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Headache (3.1%)
Malaise (3.1%)
Oedema legs (9.4%)
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Pain in leg (3.1%)
Sources: Page: p.105
20 mg single, oral
Overdose
Dose: 20 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 20 mg
Sources: Page: p.73,74
unhealthy, 60
n = 1
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Age Group: 60
Sex: M
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.73,74
Disc. AE: Macular edema...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Macular edema
Sources: Page: p.73,74
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sources: Page: p.1
Disc. AE: Congestive heart failure, Myocardial ischemia...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Congestive heart failure
Myocardial ischemia (2%)
Fluid retention
Edema
Weight gain
Anemia
Macular edema
Fracture bone
Sources: Page: p.1
AEs

AEs

AESignificanceDosePopulation
Headache 3.1%
DLT
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.105
unhealthy, 53.1
n = 32
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
Age Group: 53.1
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 32
Sources: Page: p.105
Malaise 3.1%
DLT
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.105
unhealthy, 53.1
n = 32
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
Age Group: 53.1
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 32
Sources: Page: p.105
Pain in leg 3.1%
Disc. AE
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.105
unhealthy, 53.1
n = 32
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
Age Group: 53.1
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 32
Sources: Page: p.105
Oedema legs 9.4%
DLT
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.105
unhealthy, 53.1
n = 32
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
Age Group: 53.1
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 32
Sources: Page: p.105
Macular edema Disc. AE
20 mg single, oral
Overdose
Dose: 20 mg
Route: oral
Route: single
Dose: 20 mg
Sources: Page: p.73,74
unhealthy, 60
n = 1
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Age Group: 60
Sex: M
Population Size: 1
Sources: Page: p.73,74
Myocardial ischemia 2%
Disc. AE
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sources: Page: p.1
Anemia Disc. AE
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sources: Page: p.1
Congestive heart failure Disc. AE
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sources: Page: p.1
Edema Disc. AE
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sources: Page: p.1
Fluid retention Disc. AE
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sources: Page: p.1
Fracture bone Disc. AE
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sources: Page: p.1
Macular edema Disc. AE
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sources: Page: p.1
Weight gain Disc. AE
8 mg 1 times / day multiple, oral
Recommended
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 8 mg, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sources: Page: p.1
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Rosiglitazone (BRL49653), a PPARgamma-selective agonist, causes peroxisome proliferator-like liver effects in obese mice.
1999 Jul
Troglitazone inhibits mitogenic signaling by insulin in vascular smooth muscle cells.
2000 May
Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma suppresses nuclear factor kappa B-mediated apoptosis induced by Helicobacter pylori in gastric epithelial cells.
2001 Aug 17
Synthesis and biological activity of L-tyrosine-based PPARgamma agonists with reduced molecular weight.
2001 Dec 17
Fatty-acyl-CoA thioesters inhibit recruitment of steroid receptor co-activator 1 to alpha and gamma isoforms of peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptors by competing with agonists.
2001 Jan 15
Troglitazone treatment increases plasma vascular endothelial growth factor in diabetic patients and its mRNA in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
2001 May
Fibrate and statin synergistically increase the transcriptional activities of PPARalpha/RXRalpha and decrease the transactivation of NFkappaB.
2002 Jan 11
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists inhibit inflammatory edema and hyperalgesia.
2002 Jun
Antidiabetic thiazolidinediones inhibit collagen synthesis and hepatic stellate cell activation in vivo and in vitro.
2002 Jun
Lipid metabolome-wide effects of the PPARgamma agonist rosiglitazone.
2002 Nov
Expression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase gene in human adipose tissue: induction by rosiglitazone and genetic analyses of the adipocyte-specific region of the promoter in type 2 diabetes.
2003 Dec
Reduction in the evolution of murine type II collagen-induced arthritis by treatment with rosiglitazone, a ligand of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma.
2003 Dec
A human cell surface receptor activated by free fatty acids and thiazolidinedione drugs.
2003 Feb 7
Essential requirements for substrate binding affinity and selectivity toward human CYP2 family enzymes.
2003 Jan 1
Effects of rosiglitazone and linoleic acid on human preadipocyte differentiation.
2003 Jul
Regulation of retinoic acid receptor beta expression by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ligands in cancer cells.
2003 Jul 1
Induction of apoptosis by mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP) in U937 cells.
2003 Oct 15
Rosiglitazone and 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2, ligands of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma), reduce ischaemia/reperfusion injury of the gut.
2003 Sep
Cinnamic acid based thiazolidinediones inhibit human P450c17 and 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and improve insulin sensitivity independent of PPARgamma agonist activity.
2004 Apr
The PPARgamma ligands PGJ2 and rosiglitazone show a differential ability to inhibit proliferation and to induce apoptosis and differentiation of human glioblastoma cell lines.
2004 Aug
Effect of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonist, rosiglitazone, on dedifferentiated thyroid cancers.
2004 Dec
Evidence for a potent antiinflammatory effect of rosiglitazone.
2004 Jun
Rosiglitazone induction of Insig-1 in white adipose tissue reveals a novel interplay of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and sterol regulatory element-binding protein in the regulation of adipogenesis.
2004 Jun 4
Mitochondrial remodeling in adipose tissue associated with obesity and treatment with rosiglitazone.
2004 Nov
Rosiglitazone upregulates caveolin-1 expression in THP-1 cells through a PPAR-dependent mechanism.
2004 Nov
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor and farnesoid X receptor ligands differentially regulate sebaceous differentiation in human sebaceous gland organ cultures in vitro.
2004 Oct
Rosiglitazone treatment improves insulin regulation and dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetic cynomolgus monkeys.
2004 Sep
The antidiabetic agent rosiglitazone upregulates SERCA2 and enhances TNF-alpha- and LPS-induced NF-kappaB-dependent transcription and TNF-alpha-induced IL-6 secretion in ventricular myocytes.
2005
Automated screening with confirmation of mechanism-based inactivation of CYP3A4, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP1A2 in pooled human liver microsomes.
2005 Aug
Rosiglitazone, PPAR-gamma receptor ligand, decreases the viability of rat prolactin-secreting pituitary tumor cells in vitro.
2005 Feb
Effect of rosiglitazone and 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 on bleomycin-induced lung injury.
2005 Feb
Rosiglitazone induces interleukin-1 receptor antagonist in interleukin-1beta-stimulated rat synovial fibroblasts via a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta-dependent mechanism.
2005 Mar
Comparison of pioglitazone with other antidiabetic drugs for associated incidence of liver failure: no evidence of increased risk of liver failure with pioglitazone.
2005 Mar
Patents

Sample Use Guides

Start at 4 mg daily in single or divided doses; do not exceed 8 mg daily.
Route of Administration: Oral
Rosiglitazone treatment (5 uM) prevents NO and prostacyclin overproduction by inhibiting microparticles-induced iNOS and COX-2 expression.
Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Thu Jul 06 16:54:17 UTC 2023
Edited
by admin
on Thu Jul 06 16:54:17 UTC 2023
Record UNII
2V3E7D3089
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
ROSIGLITAZONE POTASSIUM
Common Name English
2,4-THIAZOLIDINEDIONE, 5-((4-(2-(METHYL-2-PYRIDINYLAMINO)ETHOXY)PHENYL)METHYL)-, POTASSIUM SALT
Common Name English
2,4-THIAZOLIDINEDIONE, 5-((4-(2-(METHYL-2-PYRIDINYLAMINO)ETHOXY)PHENYL)METHYL)-, POTASSIUM SALT (1:1)
Systematic Name English
Code System Code Type Description
EPA CompTox
DTXSID00466743
Created by admin on Thu Jul 06 16:54:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Thu Jul 06 16:54:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
11463585
Created by admin on Thu Jul 06 16:54:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Thu Jul 06 16:54:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
2V3E7D3089
Created by admin on Thu Jul 06 16:54:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Thu Jul 06 16:54:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
CAS
316371-84-3
Created by admin on Thu Jul 06 16:54:17 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Thu Jul 06 16:54:17 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
Related Record Type Details
PARENT -> SALT/SOLVATE
Related Record Type Details
ACTIVE MOIETY