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Details

Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Molecular Formula C9H11NO.ClH
Molecular Weight 185.651
Optical Activity ( - )
Defined Stereocenters 1 / 1
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of CATHINONE HYDROCHLORIDE

SMILES

Cl.C[C@H](N)C(=O)C1=CC=CC=C1

InChI

InChIKey=HPZCAKYHISJOIK-FJXQXJEOSA-N
InChI=1S/C9H11NO.ClH/c1-7(10)9(11)8-5-3-2-4-6-8;/h2-7H,10H2,1H3;1H/t7-;/m0./s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Molecular Formula C9H11NO
Molecular Weight 149.1897
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 1 / 1
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED

Molecular Formula ClH
Molecular Weight 36.461
Charge 0
Count
Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Additional Stereochemistry No
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Optical Activity NONE

Cathinone is one of the biologically active alkaloids found in the khat shrub (Catha edulis). Due to its psychoactive properties, khat has been known and utilized for ages by the inhabitants of East Africa and the northeastern parts of Arabian Peninsula. In many regions, chewing of freshly collected khat leaves (thus liberating cathinone, which affects the central nervous system) is considered a matter of culture and local tradition. Because of their structural similarity to amphetamine, cathinone and its analogs are often denoted as “natural amphetamines”, and the only structural difference between amphetamine and cathinone is the presence of a carbonyl group in the α-position of cathinone’s side chain. Similar to amphetamine, cathinone and its analogs are characterized by stimulating, euphoric, and empathogenic properties. Due to their effects on the central nervous system, the first synthetic cathinone derivatives were synthesized for medicinal purposes in the early twentieth century, but they began attracting wider attention around the year 2000. At that time, synthetic cathinones were included in a broader group of psychoactive compounds denoted as “legal drugs” or “designer drugs”

Originator

Sources: Experientia (1979), 35, (5), 572-4.

Approval Year

PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
The subjective effects of chewing Qat leaves in human volunteers.
2002 Jan-Mar
Oral white lesions associated with chewing khat.
2004 Sep 15
Simultaneous determination of psychotropic phenylalkylamine derivatives in human hair by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
2007
The consumption of khat and other drugs in Somali combatants: a cross-sectional study.
2007 Dec
Developmental patterns of phenylpropylamino alkaloids accumulation in khat (Catha edulis, Forsk.).
2007 Dec 3
Detection and validated quantification of nine herbal phenalkylamines and methcathinone in human blood plasma by LC-MS/MS with electrospray ionization.
2007 Feb
Vasoconstriction of porcine left anterior descending coronary artery by ecstasy and cathinone is not an indirect sympathomimetic effect.
2007 Jul
[Khat--a new drug of abuse in Norway].
2007 Mar 1
Effect of Catha edulis foresk (khat) extracts on male rat sexual behavior.
2007 Mar 21
Effect of Catha edulis (khat) on behaviour and its potential to induce seizures in Sprague Dawley rats.
2007 May
Khat (Catha edulis): health aspects of khat chewing.
2007 May-Jun
Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous analysis of multiple hallucinogens, chlorpheniramine, ketamine, ritalinic acid, and metabolites, in urine.
2007 Oct
Factors predisposing out-of-school youths to HIV/AIDS-related risky sexual behaviour in northwest Ethiopia.
2007 Sep
Khat chewing from the pharmacological point of view: an update.
2008
Phylogeny of the Celastreae (Celastraceae) and the relationships of Catha edulis (qat) inferred from morphological characters and nuclear and plastid genes.
2008 Aug
Risk assessment of khat use in the Netherlands: a review based on adverse health effects, prevalence, criminal involvement and public order.
2008 Dec
The perioperative implications of khat use.
2008 Feb
Association of smoking and khat (Catha edulis Forsk) use with high blood pressure among adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2006.
2008 Jul
A review of the neuropharmacological properties of khat.
2008 Jul 1
Half a gram--a thousand lives.
2008 Jun 24
Illicit cathinone ("Hagigat") poisoning.
2008 Mar
The effect of Khat (Catha edulis) as an appetite suppressant is independent of ghrelin and PYY secretion.
2008 Nov
Liquid chromatographic direct resolution of aryl alpha-amino ketones on a residual silanol group-protecting chiral stationary phase based on optically active (3,3'-diphenyl-1,1'-binaphthyl)-20-crown-6.
2008 Nov 1
Modulation of cholinergic contractions of airway smooth muscle by cathinone: potential beneficial effects in airway diseases.
2008 Sep
Khat - a controversial plant.
2009
Population based prevalence of high blood pressure among adults in Addis Ababa: uncovering a silent epidemic.
2009 Aug 23
Qat and its health effects.
2009 Jan 10
Rapid GC-MS confirmation of amphetamines in urine by extractive acylation.
2009 Jan 10
Proconvulsant effect of khat (Catha edulis) in Sprague dawley rats.
2009 Jan 30
Boltushka: a homemade amphetamine-type stimulant and HIV risk in Odessa, Ukraine.
2009 Jul
Keep an eye on the pupil: developing countries under chemical attack.
2009 Jun
Prevalence of Khat chewing in college and secondary (high) school students of Jazan region, Saudi Arabia.
2009 Jun 20
[Drugs and desperation in different worlds. Abuse of cathinone and methcathinone].
2009 May 13-19
Camptothecin and khat (Catha edulis Forsk.) induced distinct cell death phenotypes involving modulation of c-FLIPL, Mcl-1, procaspase-8 and mitochondrial function in acute myeloid leukemia cell lines.
2009 Nov 13
Use of khat and posttraumatic stress disorder as risk factors for psychotic symptoms: a study of Somali combatants.
2009 Oct
Long-term effects of chronic khat use: impaired inhibitory control.
2010
LC-MS/MS screening method for designer amphetamines, tryptamines, and piperazines in serum.
2010 Apr
Analyses of second-generation 'legal highs' in the UK: initial findings.
2010 Aug
Khat chewing, cardiovascular diseases and other internal medical problems: the current situation and directions for future research.
2010 Dec 1
Khat use and neurobehavioral functions: suggestions for future studies.
2010 Dec 1
Forensic analysis of hallucinogenic mushrooms and khat (Catha edulis Forsk) using cation-exchange liquid chromatography.
2010 Feb 25
Cathinone preservation in khat evidence via drying.
2010 Feb 25
Olanzapine and pulmonary embolism, a rare association: a case report.
2010 Jan 22
Regular Khat (Catha edulis) chewing is associated with elevated diastolic blood pressure among adults in Butajira, Ethiopia: a comparative study.
2010 Jul 2
The vascular effects of trace amines and amphetamines.
2010 Mar
Association of khat chewing with increased risk of stroke and death in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome.
2010 Nov
Mephedrone use and associated adverse effects in school and college/university students before the UK legislation change.
2010 Nov
Motives for khat use and abstinence in Yemen--a gender perspective.
2010 Nov 27
Recreational use of mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone, 4-MMC) with associated sympathomimetic toxicity.
2010 Sep
Influence of Khat Chewing on Periodontal Tissues and Oral Hygiene Status among Yemenis.
2010 Winter
Patents

Patents

Substance Class Chemical
Created
by admin
on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023
Edited
by admin
on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023
Record UNII
272NNG64V6
Record Status Validated (UNII)
Record Version
  • Download
Name Type Language
CATHINONE HYDROCHLORIDE
INCB:GREEN LIST   MI  
Common Name English
1-PROPANONE, 2-AMINO-1-PHENYL-, HYDROCHLORIDE, (2S)-
Systematic Name English
(S)-(-)-CATHINONE HYDROCHLORIDE
Common Name English
CATHINONE HYDROCHLORIDE S-FORM [MI]
Common Name English
CATHINONE HYDROCHLORIDE, (-)-
Common Name English
CATHINONE HYDROCHLORIDE [INCB GREEN LIST]
Common Name English
CATHINONE HYDROCHLORIDE [USP-RS]
Common Name English
Code System Code Type Description
INCB IDS CODE
PC 010
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
CAS
72739-14-1
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
RS_ITEM_NUM
1096804
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
272NNG64V6
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
MERCK INDEX
m3177
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY Merck Index
EPA CompTox
DTXSID8048866
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
11956149
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
MESH
C023665
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 16:10:14 UTC 2023
PRIMARY
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IMPURITY (UV)
USP
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ACTIVE MOIETY