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Details

Stereochemistry ACHIRAL
Molecular Formula Bi
Molecular Weight 208.9804
Optical Activity NONE
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 0
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of BISMUTH

SMILES

[Bi]

InChI

InChIKey=BPBOBPIKWGUSQG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI=1S/Bi.3H

HIDE SMILES / InChI
Bismuth is a high-density, silvery, pink-tinged metal. Bismuth metal is brittle and so it is usually mixed with other metals to make it useful. Its alloys with tin or cadmium have low melting points and are used in fire detectors and extinguishers, electric fuses and solders. Bismuth oxide is used as a yellow pigment for cosmetics and paints, while bismuth(III) chloride oxide (BiClO) gives a pearly effect to cosmetics. Bismuth compounds have been widely used in medicine. After extensive use in the treatments of syphilis and other bacterial infections before the advent of modern antibiotics, bismuth compounds remain important for the treatment of several gastrointestinal disorders and also exhibit antimicrobial properties and cytotoxic activity, among others.

Originator

Curator's Comment:: Bismuth was discovered by an unknown alchemist around 1400 AD. Later that century it was alloyed with lead to make cast type for printers and decorated caskets were being crafted in the metal. Bismuth was often confused with lead; it was likewise a heavy metal and melted at a relatively low temperature making it easy to work. Georgius Agricola in the early 1500s speculated that it was a distinctly different metal, as did Caspar Neuman in the early 1700s, but proof that it was so finally came in 1753 thanks to the work of Claude-François Geoffroy. Bismuth was used as an alloying metal in the bronze of the Incas of South America around 1500 AD. Bismuth was not mined as ore but appears to have occurred as the native metal.

Approval Year

PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Bismuth-containing single-antibiotic 1-week triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication.
1998 Mar
Patents
Name Type Language
BISMUTH
MI   VANDF   WHO-DD  
Systematic Name English
BI
Code English
BISMUTHUM METALLICUM
HPUS  
Common Name English
BISMUTH [MI]
Common Name English
BISMUTHUM METALLICUM [HPUS]
Common Name English
BISMUTH [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
BISMUTH, ELEMENTAL
HSDB  
Common Name English
BISMUTH [VANDF]
Common Name English
BISMUTH, ELEMENTAL [HSDB]
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
DSLD 1313 (Number of products:34)
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
LIVERTOX 110
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
CFR 21 CFR 331.11
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
NCI_THESAURUS C637
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
Code System Code Type Description
HSDB
2078
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
MESH
D001729
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
RXCUI
1599
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY RxNorm
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
231-177-4
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
CAS
7440-69-9
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
7440-69-9
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
NCI_THESAURUS
C95193
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
MERCK INDEX
M2531
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY Merck Index
FDA UNII
U015TT5I8H
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
5359367
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB13077MIG
Created by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Sat Jun 26 10:36:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY