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Details

Stereochemistry ABSOLUTE
Molecular Formula C29H32O13
Molecular Weight 588.5566
Optical Activity UNSPECIFIED
Defined Stereocenters 10 / 10
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of ETOPOSIDE

SMILES

[H][C@]12COC(=O)[C@]1([H])[C@H](C3=CC(OC)=C(O)C(OC)=C3)C4=CC5=C(OCO5)C=C4[C@H]2O[C@]6([H])O[C@]7([H])CO[C@@H](C)O[C@@]7([H])[C@H](O)[C@H]6O

InChI

InChIKey=VJJPUSNTGOMMGY-MRVIYFEKSA-N
InChI=1S/C29H32O13/c1-11-36-9-20-27(40-11)24(31)25(32)29(41-20)42-26-14-7-17-16(38-10-39-17)6-13(14)21(22-15(26)8-37-28(22)33)12-4-18(34-2)23(30)19(5-12)35-3/h4-7,11,15,20-22,24-27,29-32H,8-10H2,1-3H3/t11-,15+,20-,21-,22+,24-,25-,26-,27-,29+/m1/s1

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Description
Curator's Comment: Description was created based on several sources, including http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2011/020457s013lbl.pdf

Etoposide (trade name Etopophos) is a semisynthetic derivative of podophyllotoxin that exhibits antitumor activity. It has been in clinical use for more than two decades and remains one of the most highly prescribed anticancer drugs in the world. The primary cytotoxic target for etoposide is topoisomerase II. This ubiquitous enzyme regulates DNA under- and over winding, and removes knots and tangles from the genome by generating transient double-stranded breaks in the double helix. Etoposide kills cells by stabilizing a covalent enzyme-cleaved DNA complex (known as the cleavage complex) that is a transient intermediate in the catalytic cycle of topoisomerase II. The accumulation of cleavage complexes in treated cells leads to the generation of permanent DNA strand breaks, which trigger recombination/repair pathways, mutagenesis, and chromosomal translocations. If these breaks overwhelm the cell, they can initiate death pathways. Thus, etoposide converts topoisomerase II from an essential enzyme to a potent cellular toxin that fragments the genome. Although the topoisomerase II-DNA cleavage complex is an important target for cancer chemotherapy, there also is evidence that topoisomerase II-mediated DNA strand breaks induced by etoposide and other agents can trigger chromosomal translocations that lead to specific types of leukemia. Etopophos (etoposide phosphate) is indicated in the management of the following neoplasms: Refractory Testicular Tumors-and for Small Cell Lung Cancer. The in vitro cytotoxicity observed for etoposide phosphate is significantly less than that seen with etoposide, which is believed due to the necessity for conversion in vivo to the active moiety, etoposide, by dephosphorylation. The mechanism of action is believed to be the same as that of etoposide.

Approval Year

Targets

Targets

Primary TargetPharmacologyConditionPotency
0.8 µM [IC50]
Conditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Primary
ETOPOPHOS PRESERVATIVE FREE

Approved Use

ETOPOPHOS for Injection is indicated in the management of the following neoplasms: Refractory Testicular Tumors-ETOPOPHOS for Injection in combination therapy with other approved chemotherapeutic agents in patients with refractory testicular tumors who have already received appropriate surgical, chemotherapeutic, and radiotherapeutic therapy. Small Cell Lung Cancer-ETOPOPHOS for Injection in combination with other approved chemotherapeutic agents as first-line treatment in patients with small cell lung cancer.

Launch Date

1983
Primary
ETOPOPHOS PRESERVATIVE FREE

Approved Use

ETOPOPHOS for Injection is indicated in the management of the following neoplasms: Refractory Testicular Tumors-ETOPOPHOS for Injection in combination therapy with other approved chemotherapeutic agents in patients with refractory testicular tumors who have already received appropriate surgical, chemotherapeutic, and radiotherapeutic therapy. Small Cell Lung Cancer-ETOPOPHOS for Injection in combination with other approved chemotherapeutic agents as first-line treatment in patients with small cell lung cancer.

Launch Date

1996
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
14.7 μg/mL
80 mg/m² other, intravenous
dose: 80 mg/m²
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: OTHER
co-administered:
ETOPOSIDE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
18.66 μg/mL
95 mg/m² other, intravenous
dose: 95 mg/m²
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: OTHER
co-administered:
ETOPOSIDE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE
food status: UNKNOWN
AUC

AUC

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
2707 μg × min/mL
80 mg/m² other, intravenous
dose: 80 mg/m²
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: OTHER
co-administered:
ETOPOSIDE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
5806 μg × min/mL
95 mg/m² other, intravenous
dose: 95 mg/m²
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: OTHER
co-administered:
ETOPOSIDE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE
food status: UNKNOWN
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
0.37 h
80 mg/m² other, intravenous
dose: 80 mg/m²
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: OTHER
co-administered:
ETOPOSIDE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: MALE
food status: UNKNOWN
0.32 h
95 mg/m² other, intravenous
dose: 95 mg/m²
route of administration: Intravenous
experiment type: OTHER
co-administered:
ETOPOSIDE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE
food status: UNKNOWN
Funbound

Funbound

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
3%
ETOPOSIDE plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNKNOWN
age: UNKNOWN
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
Doses

Doses

DosePopulationAdverse events​
25 mg/m2 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1455
unhealthy, 1.1-17
n = 8
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 1.1-17
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 8
Sources: Page: p.1455
DLT: Neutropenia, Thrombocytopenia...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Neutropenia (grade 4, 25%)
Thrombocytopenia (grade 4, 12.5%)
Leukopenia (grade 4, 12.5%)
Diarrhea (grade 3, 12.5%)
Diarrhea (grade 4, 12.5%)
Sources: Page: p.1455
20 mg/m2 3 times / day multiple, oral
MTD
Dose: 20 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 20 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1455
unhealthy, 1.1-17
n = 7
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 1.1-17
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 7
Sources: Page: p.1455
DLT: Neutropenia...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Neutropenia (grade 4, 14%)
Sources: Page: p.1455
175 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 175 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 175 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.203
unhealthy, 39-72
n = 7
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 39-72
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 7
Sources: Page: p.203
DLT: Neutropenia...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Neutropenia (grade 4, 28.6%)
Sources: Page: p.203
175 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 175 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 175 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.203
unhealthy, 39-72
n = 7
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 39-72
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 7
Sources: Page: p.203
DLT: Neutropenia...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Neutropenia (grade 3, 14.3%)
Sources: Page: p.203
220 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 220 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 220 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.203
unhealthy, 39-72
n = 8
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 39-72
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 8
Sources: Page: p.203
DLT: Neutropenia, Neutropenia...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Neutropenia (grade 3, 25%)
Neutropenia (grade 4, 25%)
Sources: Page: p.203
60 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, oral (max)
Recommended
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.407
unhealthy, 39-83
n = 97
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian carcinoma
Age Group: 39-83
Sex: F
Population Size: 97
Sources: Page: p.407
DLT: Leukopenia, Neutropenia...
Disc. AE: Nausea and vomiting, Fatigue...
Dose limiting toxicities:
Leukopenia (grade 4, 12%)
Neutropenia (grade 4, 25%)
Leukopenia (grade 3, 29%)
Neutropenia (grade 3, 20%)
Thrombocytopenia (grade 4, 4%)
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Nausea and vomiting (3%)
Fatigue (1%)
Neutropenic sepsis (grade 5, 2%)
Bleeding (grade 5, 1%)
Sources: Page: p.407
100 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, intravenous (max)
Recommended
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Testicular cancer
Sources: Page: p.1
Disc. AE: Myelosuppression...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Myelosuppression (severe)
Sources: Page: p.1
AEs

AEs

AESignificanceDosePopulation
Diarrhea grade 3, 12.5%
DLT
25 mg/m2 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1455
unhealthy, 1.1-17
n = 8
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 1.1-17
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 8
Sources: Page: p.1455
Leukopenia grade 4, 12.5%
DLT
25 mg/m2 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1455
unhealthy, 1.1-17
n = 8
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 1.1-17
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 8
Sources: Page: p.1455
Thrombocytopenia grade 4, 12.5%
DLT
25 mg/m2 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1455
unhealthy, 1.1-17
n = 8
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 1.1-17
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 8
Sources: Page: p.1455
Diarrhea grade 4, 12.5%
DLT, Disc. AE
25 mg/m2 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1455
unhealthy, 1.1-17
n = 8
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 1.1-17
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 8
Sources: Page: p.1455
Neutropenia grade 4, 25%
DLT
25 mg/m2 3 times / day multiple, oral
Highest studied dose
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 25 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1455
unhealthy, 1.1-17
n = 8
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 1.1-17
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 8
Sources: Page: p.1455
Neutropenia grade 4, 14%
DLT
20 mg/m2 3 times / day multiple, oral
MTD
Dose: 20 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 20 mg/m2, 3 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1455
unhealthy, 1.1-17
n = 7
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 1.1-17
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 7
Sources: Page: p.1455
Neutropenia grade 4, 28.6%
DLT
175 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 175 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 175 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.203
unhealthy, 39-72
n = 7
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 39-72
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 7
Sources: Page: p.203
Neutropenia grade 3, 14.3%
DLT
175 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 175 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 175 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.203
unhealthy, 39-72
n = 7
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 39-72
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 7
Sources: Page: p.203
Neutropenia grade 3, 25%
DLT
220 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 220 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 220 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.203
unhealthy, 39-72
n = 8
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 39-72
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 8
Sources: Page: p.203
Neutropenia grade 4, 25%
DLT
220 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, intravenous
MTD
Dose: 220 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 220 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.203
unhealthy, 39-72
n = 8
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Cancer
Age Group: 39-72
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 8
Sources: Page: p.203
Fatigue 1%
Disc. AE
60 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, oral (max)
Recommended
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.407
unhealthy, 39-83
n = 97
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian carcinoma
Age Group: 39-83
Sex: F
Population Size: 97
Sources: Page: p.407
Nausea and vomiting 3%
Disc. AE
60 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, oral (max)
Recommended
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.407
unhealthy, 39-83
n = 97
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian carcinoma
Age Group: 39-83
Sex: F
Population Size: 97
Sources: Page: p.407
Neutropenia grade 3, 20%
DLT
60 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, oral (max)
Recommended
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.407
unhealthy, 39-83
n = 97
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian carcinoma
Age Group: 39-83
Sex: F
Population Size: 97
Sources: Page: p.407
Leukopenia grade 3, 29%
DLT
60 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, oral (max)
Recommended
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.407
unhealthy, 39-83
n = 97
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian carcinoma
Age Group: 39-83
Sex: F
Population Size: 97
Sources: Page: p.407
Leukopenia grade 4, 12%
DLT
60 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, oral (max)
Recommended
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.407
unhealthy, 39-83
n = 97
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian carcinoma
Age Group: 39-83
Sex: F
Population Size: 97
Sources: Page: p.407
Neutropenia grade 4, 25%
DLT
60 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, oral (max)
Recommended
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.407
unhealthy, 39-83
n = 97
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian carcinoma
Age Group: 39-83
Sex: F
Population Size: 97
Sources: Page: p.407
Thrombocytopenia grade 4, 4%
DLT
60 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, oral (max)
Recommended
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.407
unhealthy, 39-83
n = 97
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian carcinoma
Age Group: 39-83
Sex: F
Population Size: 97
Sources: Page: p.407
Bleeding grade 5, 1%
Disc. AE
60 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, oral (max)
Recommended
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.407
unhealthy, 39-83
n = 97
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian carcinoma
Age Group: 39-83
Sex: F
Population Size: 97
Sources: Page: p.407
Neutropenic sepsis grade 5, 2%
Disc. AE
60 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, oral (max)
Recommended
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: multiple
Dose: 60 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.407
unhealthy, 39-83
n = 97
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Ovarian carcinoma
Age Group: 39-83
Sex: F
Population Size: 97
Sources: Page: p.407
Myelosuppression severe
Disc. AE
100 mg/m2 1 times / day multiple, intravenous (max)
Recommended
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Route: intravenous
Route: multiple
Dose: 100 mg/m2, 1 times / day
Sources: Page: p.1
unhealthy
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: Testicular cancer
Sources: Page: p.1
Overview

Overview

CYP3A4CYP2C9CYP2D6hERG

Drug as perpetrator​

Drug as perpetrator​

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
slight
weak [Ki 756 uM]
Drug as victim

Drug as victim

TargetModalityActivityMetaboliteClinical evidence
major
weak (co-administration study)
Comment: Ketoconazole increased the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of oral etoposide by a median of 20%
major
yes (pharmacogenomic study)
Comment: UGT1A1*28 and UGT1A1*6 mutations might be regarded as predictors for etoposide-induced grade 4 neutropenia.
minor
minor
minor
minor
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Etoposide-induced hypersensitivity reactions. Report of two cases.
1985 Dec
Bone morphogenetic protein-2 promotes osteoblast apoptosis through a Smad-independent, protein kinase C-dependent signaling pathway.
2001 Aug 3
Comparison of 'sequential' versus 'standard' chemotherapy as re-induction treatment, with or without cyclosporine, in refractory/relapsed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML): results of the UK Medical Research Council AML-R trial.
2001 Jun
Metastatic placental site trophoblastic tumor. Report of a case with complete response to chemotherapy.
2001 Mar
High-dose chemotherapy as a consolidation approach in advanced ovarian cancer: long-term results.
2001 May
Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
2001 Nov
Treatment of gestational trophoblastic tumors.
2002 Apr
Chemoresistant or aggressive lymphoma predicts for a poor outcome following reduced-intensity allogeneic progenitor cell transplantation: an analysis from the Lymphoma Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Bone Marrow Transplantation.
2002 Dec 15
Coexisting true hermaphroditism and partial hydatidiform mole developing metastatic gestational trophoblastic tumors. A case report.
2002 Nov
Detection of topoisomerase inhibitor-induced DNA strand breaks and apoptosis by the alkaline comet assay.
2002 Sep 26
Expression of p21 and bcl-2 proteins in paraffin-embedded preparations of non-small cell lung cancer in stage IIIA after Etoposide and Cisplatin induced chemotherapy.
2003
EBNA1 may prolong G(2)/M phase and sensitize HER2/neu-overexpressing ovarian cancer cells to both topoisomerase II-targeting and paclitaxel drugs.
2003 Aug 1
Oral melphalan as a treatment for platinum-resistant ovarian cancer.
2003 Jun 16
Phase I/II trial of weekly cisplatin, etoposide, and irinotecan chemotherapy for metastatic lung cancer: JCOG 9507.
2003 Mar 24
Preliminary results of the multicenter trial GPOH-HD 95 for the treatment of Hodgkin's disease in children and adolescents: analysis and outlook.
2003 May-Jun
Inhibition of telomerase activity in malignant glioma cells correlates with their sensitivity to temozolomide.
2003 Sep 1
[Tumor staging with PET/CT. Detection of a second tumor].
2004 Jan
High-throughput technology: green fluorescent protein to monitor cell death.
2005
Increased expression of the E3-ubiquitin ligase receptor subunit betaTRCP1 relates to constitutive nuclear factor-kappaB activation and chemoresistance in pancreatic carcinoma cells.
2005 Feb 15
Prognostic value of the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index in chemosensitive recurrent or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphomas treated with high-dose BEAM therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation.
2005 Jun
Evaluation of the combined effect of p53 codon 72 polymorphism and hotspot mutations in response to anticancer drugs.
2005 Jun 15
HER-2/neu and CD117 (c-kit) overexpression in patients with pesticide exposure and extensive stage small cell lung carcinoma (ESSCLC).
2005 Jun 9
Pregnancy outcome after prenatal exposure to bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin for malignant ovarian germ cell tumors: report of 2 cases.
2005 Mar-Apr
Sequential oral 9-nitrocamptothecin and etoposide: a pharmacodynamic- and pharmacokinetic-based phase I trial.
2006 Aug
Resveratrol at high doses acts as an apoptotic inducer in endothelial cells.
2006 Feb
Prevalence and rupture rate of cerebral aneurysms discovered during intra-arterial chemotherapy of brain tumors.
2006 Feb
Randomized phase III trial comparing irinotecan/cisplatin with etoposide/cisplatin in patients with previously untreated extensive-stage disease small-cell lung cancer.
2006 May 1
Curative surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in metastatic poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma.
2007 Dec
Dielectrophoretic detection of membrane morphology changes in Jurkat T-cells undergoing etoposide-induced apoptosis.
2007 Feb
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid affects subcellular expression of clusterin protein in human colon adenocarcinoma COLO 205 cell line.
2007 Jan
Expression of CYP3A4 as a predictor of response to chemotherapy in peripheral T-cell lymphomas.
2007 Nov 1
In vivo targeting of dead tumor cells in a murine tumor model using a monoclonal antibody specific for the La autoantigen.
2007 Sep 15
Upregulation of bfl-1 is a potential mechanism of chemoresistance in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.
2007 Sep 17
Impaired DNA double-strand break repair contributes to chemoresistance in HIF-1 alpha-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts.
2008 Dec
Ifosfamide, epirubicin and etoposide rituximab in refractory or relapsed B-cell lymphoma: analysis of remission induction and stem cell mobilization.
2008 Jul
Treatment experiences of testicular cancer in Hispanic patients with Down's syndrome at the National Cancer Institute of Mexico.
2008 Nov
Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for autoimmune disorders.
2008 Nov
[Production of reconstructed two-cell rat embryos after chemical inactivation of chromosomes in MII oocytes by etoposide].
2008 Sep-Oct
[Diabetes insipidus followed, after 4 years, with dysarthria and mild right-sided hemiparesis--the first clinical signs of Erdheim-Chester disease. Description and depiction of a case with a review of information on the disease].
2009 Dec
Clinical aspects and therapy of sporadic burkitt lymphoma.
2009 Dec 28
Fasting and cancer treatment in humans: A case series report.
2009 Dec 31
No attenuation of the ATM-dependent DNA damage response in murine telomerase-deficient cells.
2009 Mar 1
2-Arylbenzimidazoles as antiviral and antiproliferative agents--Part 2.
2009 Nov
Helicobacter pylori counteracts the apoptotic action of its VacA toxin by injecting the CagA protein into gastric epithelial cells.
2009 Oct
Etoposide induces MLL rearrangements and other chromosomal abnormalities in human embryonic stem cells.
2009 Sep
Chemotherapy resistance in metastatic breast cancer: the evolving role of ixabepilone.
2010
Biological characteristics and treatment outcomes of metastatic or recurrent neuroendocrine tumors: tumor grade and metastatic site are important for treatment strategy.
2010 Aug 23
A novel podophyllotoxin derivative (YB-1EPN) induces apoptosis and down-regulates express of P-glycoprotein in multidrug resistance cell line KBV200.
2010 Feb 10
Reduced-dose craniospinal radiotherapy followed by high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell rescue for children with newly diagnosed high-risk medulloblastoma or supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor.
2010 Jun
Management of non-gestational ovarian choriocarcinoma: laparoscopy can be essential. Report of two cases.
2010 Sep
Patents

Sample Use Guides

In Vivo Use Guide
Curator's Comment: the recommended dose of VePesid (Etoposide) Capsules is two times the IV dose rounded to the nearest 50 mg
50 to 100 mg/m2/day on days 1 through 5 to 100 mg/m2/day on days 1, 3, and 5 (testicular cancer) 35 mg/m2/day for 4 days to 50 mg/m2/day for 5 days (small cell lung cancer)
Route of Administration: Intravenous
In Vitro Use Guide
Apoptosis of thymocytes has been investigated by morphological, biochemical and cytometric techniques, both in non-perturbed conditions and after exposure to the topoisomerase-II inhibitor etoposide in vitro. At low (0.1 to 10 uM) etoposide concentrations apoptotic cells had cytoplasm patterns similar to naturally occurring apoptotic thymocytes, whereas at high (50 to 100 uM) concentrations extensive organelle damage took place.
Name Type Language
ETOPOSIDE
EP   HSDB   INN   MART.   MI   ORANGE BOOK   USAN   USP   VANDF   WHO-DD   WHO-IP  
USAN   INN  
Official Name English
(5R,5AR,8AR,9S)-9-((4,6-O-((1R)-ETHANE-1,1-DIYL)-.ALPHA.-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL)OXY)-5-(4-HYDROXY-3,5-DIMETHOXYPHENYL)-5,8,8A,9-TETRAHYDRO(2)BENZOFURO(5,6-F)(1,3)BENZODIOXOL-6(5AH)-ONE
Systematic Name English
ETOPOSIDE [MART.]
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [HSDB]
Common Name English
VEPESID
Brand Name English
VP-16-213
Code English
ETOPOSIDE [USP-RS]
Common Name English
TOPOSAR
Brand Name English
ETOPOSIDE [USP MONOGRAPH]
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDUM [WHO-IP LATIN]
Common Name English
NSC-141540
Code English
Etoposide [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [ORANGE BOOK]
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [JAN]
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [VANDF]
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [MI]
Common Name English
etoposide [INN]
Common Name English
SINTOPOZID
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [USP IMPURITY]
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [USAN]
Common Name English
FURO(3',4':6,7)NAPHTHO(2,3-D)-1,3-DIOXOL-6(5AH)-ONE-, 9-((4,6-O-ETHYLIDENE-.BETA.-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL)OXY)5,8,8A,9-TETRAHYDRO-5-(4-HYDROXY-3,5-DIMETHOXYPHENYL), (5R-(5.ALPHA.,5A.BETA.,8A.ALPHA.,9.BETA.(R*)))-
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [WHO-IP]
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [IARC]
Common Name English
4'-DEMETHYLEPIPODOPHYLLOTOXIN 9-(4,6-O-(R)-ETHYLIDENE-.BETA.-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE)
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [EP IMPURITY]
Common Name English
ETOPOSIDE [EP MONOGRAPH]
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
NDF-RT N0000175609
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
NDF-RT N0000000176
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
WHO-VATC QL01CB01
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
WHO-ESSENTIAL MEDICINES LIST 8.2
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
NCI_THESAURUS C1331
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
LIVERTOX NBK548102
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
WHO-ATC L01CB01
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
Code System Code Type Description
DRUG CENTRAL
1112
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
CAS
33419-42-0
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
ChEMBL
CHEMBL44657
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
INN
3835
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
RS_ITEM_NUM
1268808
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
NCI_THESAURUS
C491
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
HSDB
6517
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
ECHA (EC/EINECS)
251-509-1
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
DAILYMED
6PLQ3CP4P3
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
RXCUI
4179
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY RxNorm
MESH
D005047
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
MERCK INDEX
m5199
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY Merck Index
SMS_ID
100000082091
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
36462
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB07337MIG
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
CHEBI
4911
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
WIKIPEDIA
ETOPOSIDE
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
DTXSID5023035
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
DRUG BANK
DB00773
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
WHO INTERNATIONAL PHARMACOPEIA
ETOPOSIDE
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY Description: A white or almost white, crystalline powder.Solubility: Practically insoluble in water; sparingly soluble in methanol R; slightly soluble in ethanol (~750 g/l) TS and dichloromethane R.Category: Cytotoxic drug.Storage: Etoposide should be kept in a tightly closed container.Labelling: The designation Etoposide for parenteral use indicates that the substance complies with the additional requirementsand may be used for parenteral administration. Expiry date.Additional information:. CAUTION - Etoposide must be handled with care, avoiding contact with the skin and inhalation of airborne particles.Requirement: Etoposide contains not less than 98.0% and not more than the equivalent of 102.0% of C29H32O13, calculated with reference to the dried substance.
IUPHAR
6815
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
6PLQ3CP4P3
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
NSC
141540
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY
LACTMED
Etoposide
Created by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023 , Edited by admin on Fri Dec 15 15:34:11 GMT 2023
PRIMARY