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Details

Stereochemistry RACEMIC
Molecular Formula C24H34N2O.ClH.H2O
Molecular Weight 421.0166
Optical Activity ( + / - )
Defined Stereocenters 0 / 1
E/Z Centers 0
Charge 0

SHOW SMILES / InChI
Structure of BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE

SMILES

CC(C)COCC(CN(Cc1ccccc1)c2ccccc2)N3CCCC3.Cl.O

InChI

InChIKey=UEECHQPWQHYEDE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI=1S/C24H34N2O.ClH.H2O/c1-21(2)19-27-20-24(25-15-9-10-16-25)18-26(23-13-7-4-8-14-23)17-22-11-5-3-6-12-22;;/h3-8,11-14,21,24H,9-10,15-20H2,1-2H3;1H;1H2

HIDE SMILES / InChI

Description
Curator's Comment:: description was created based on several sources, including: https://www.drugs.com/mtm/bepridil.html | http://www.rad-ar.or.jp/siori/english/kekka.cgi?n=1075 | https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1280569

Bepridil is a calcium channel blocker that has well characterized anti-anginal properties and known but poorly characterized type 1 anti-arrhythmic and anti-hypertensive properties. It has inhibitory effects on both the slow calcium and fast sodium inward currents in myocardial and vascular smooth muscle, interferes with calcium binding to calmodulin, and blocks both voltage and receptor operated calcium channels. It is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure), angina (chest pain), sustained atrial fibrillation and tachyarrhythmia. The most common side effects were upper gastrointestinal complaints (nausea, dyspepsia or GI distress), diarrhea, dizziness, asthenia and nervousness. Certain drugs could increase the likelihood of potentially serious adverse effects with bepridil hydrochloride. In general, these are drugs that have one or more pharmacologic activities similar to bepridil hydrochloride, including anti-arrhythmic agents such as quinidine and procainamide, cardiac glycosides and tricyclic anti-depressants. Anti-arrhythmics and tricyclic anti-depressants could exaggerate the prolongation of the QT interval observed with bepridil hydrochloride. Cardiac glycosides could exaggerate the depression of AV nodal conduction observed with bepridil hydrochloride.

Approval Year

Targets

Targets

Primary TargetPharmacologyConditionPotency
6.0 µM [IC50]
1.0 µM [IC50]
Target ID: Voltage and receptor operated calcium channels
Conditions

Conditions

ConditionModalityTargetsHighest PhaseProduct
Primary
BEPRICOR

Approved Use

Bepridil hydrochloride is indicated for the treatment of chronic stable angina (classic effort-associated angina).
Primary
BEPRICOR

Approved Use

Bepridil is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) and to treat angina (chest pain).
Primary
BEPRICOR

Approved Use

It is usually used to treat sustained atrial fibrillation, tachyarrhythmia (ventricular) and angina.
Primary
BEPRICOR

Approved Use

It is usually used to treat sustained atrial fibrillation, tachyarrhythmia (ventricular) and angina.
Cmax

Cmax

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
806 ng/mL
200 mg single, oral
dose: 200 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
BEPRIDIL plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE
food status: FASTED
AUC

AUC

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
4.87 ng × h/mL
200 mg single, oral
dose: 200 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
BEPRIDIL plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE
food status: FASTED
T1/2

T1/2

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
38.2 h
200 mg single, oral
dose: 200 mg
route of administration: Oral
experiment type: SINGLE
co-administered:
BEPRIDIL plasma
Homo sapiens
population: UNHEALTHY
age: ADULT
sex: FEMALE
food status: FASTED
Funbound

Funbound

ValueDoseCo-administeredAnalytePopulation
0.3%
BEPRIDIL plasma
Homo sapiens
population: HEALTHY
age: UNKNOWN
sex: UNKNOWN
food status: UNKNOWN
Doses

Doses

DosePopulationAdverse events​
400 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 400 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 400 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 34-77 years
n = 44
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 34-77 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 44
Sources:
Disc. AE: Weakness, Lightheadedness...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Weakness (2 patients)
Lightheadedness (1 patient)
Syncopal attack (1 patient)
Sources:
200 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 39-84 years
n = 43
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 39-84 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 43
Sources:
Disc. AE: Electrocardiogram QTc interval prolonged...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Electrocardiogram QTc interval prolonged (1 patient)
Sources:
300 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 43-80 years
n = 46
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 43-80 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 46
Sources:
Disc. AE: Nausea, Diarrhea...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Nausea (1 patient)
Diarrhea (1 patient)
Anorexia (1 patient)
Bigeminy (1 patient)
Sources:
100 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 100 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 100 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 63.5 years
n = 33
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 63.5 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 33
Sources:
Disc. AE: Ventricular tachycardia, Bradycardia...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Ventricular tachycardia (1 patient)
Bradycardia (1 patient)
Sources:
200 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 64.6 years
n = 29
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 64.6 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 29
Sources:
Disc. AE: Ventricular tachycardia, Bradycardia...
AEs leading to
discontinuation/dose reduction:
Ventricular tachycardia (grade 5, 1 patient)
Bradycardia (1 patient)
Electrocardiogram QTc interval prolonged (4 patients)
Sources:
AEs

AEs

AESignificanceDosePopulation
Lightheadedness 1 patient
Disc. AE
400 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 400 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 400 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 34-77 years
n = 44
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 34-77 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 44
Sources:
Syncopal attack 1 patient
Disc. AE
400 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 400 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 400 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 34-77 years
n = 44
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 34-77 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 44
Sources:
Weakness 2 patients
Disc. AE
400 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Studied dose
Dose: 400 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 400 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 34-77 years
n = 44
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 34-77 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 44
Sources:
Electrocardiogram QTc interval prolonged 1 patient
Disc. AE
200 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 39-84 years
n = 43
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 39-84 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 43
Sources:
Anorexia 1 patient
Disc. AE
300 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 43-80 years
n = 46
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 43-80 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 46
Sources:
Bigeminy 1 patient
Disc. AE
300 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 43-80 years
n = 46
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 43-80 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 46
Sources:
Diarrhea 1 patient
Disc. AE
300 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 43-80 years
n = 46
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 43-80 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 46
Sources:
Nausea 1 patient
Disc. AE
300 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 300 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 43-80 years
n = 46
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 43-80 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 46
Sources:
Bradycardia 1 patient
Disc. AE
100 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 100 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 100 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 63.5 years
n = 33
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 63.5 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 33
Sources:
Ventricular tachycardia 1 patient
Disc. AE
100 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 100 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 100 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 63.5 years
n = 33
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 63.5 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 33
Sources:
Bradycardia 1 patient
Disc. AE
200 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 64.6 years
n = 29
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 64.6 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 29
Sources:
Electrocardiogram QTc interval prolonged 4 patients
Disc. AE
200 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 64.6 years
n = 29
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 64.6 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 29
Sources:
Ventricular tachycardia grade 5, 1 patient
Disc. AE
200 mg 1 times / day steady, oral
Recommended
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Route: oral
Route: steady
Dose: 200 mg, 1 times / day
Sources:
unhealthy, 64.6 years
n = 29
Health Status: unhealthy
Condition: angina
Age Group: 64.6 years
Sex: M+F
Population Size: 29
Sources:
Sourcing

Sourcing

Vendor/AggregatorIDURL
PubMed

PubMed

TitleDatePubMed
Is cytotoxic cellular edema real? The effect of calcium ion on water homeostasis in the rat heart.
2001
A quinolone alkaloid with antioxidant activity from the aleurone layer of anthocyanin-pigmented rice.
2001 Dec
[Bepridil inhibition on the delayed rectifier K+ currents in thyroxine induced hypertrophied guinea pig ventricular myocytes].
2001 Jul
Electron spin resonance assessment of the antioxidant potential of medicinal plants. Part I. Contribution of anthocyanosides and flavonoids to the radical scavenging ability of fruit and herbal teas.
2001 Jul-Aug
Evaluation of the absorption, excretion, and metabolism of the antihypertensive agent RWJ-26899 in male and female CR Wistar rats and Beagle dogs.
2001 Jul-Sep
Scavenging of reactive oxygen species by chlorophyllin: an ESR study.
2001 Nov
Synthesis and in vitro studies of pyrone derivatives as scavengers of active oxygen species.
2001 Nov
Antioxidant properties of methanolic extracts from several ear mushrooms.
2001 Nov
Inhibitory effect of bepridil on hKv1.5 channel current: comparison with amiodarone and E-4031.
2001 Nov 2
Chalcones: structural requirements for antioxidant, estrogenic and antiproliferative activities.
2001 Nov-Dec
Sorbicillinol, a key intermediate of bisorbicillinoid biosynthesis in Trichoderma sp. USF-2690.
2001 Oct
Superoxide- and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging activities of soyasaponin beta g related to gallic acid.
2001 Oct
Antioxidative components from the aerial parts of Lactuca scariola L.
2001 Oct
Comparison of radical scavenging effect, inhibition of microsomal oxygen free radical generation, and serum lipoprotein oxidation of several natural antioxidants.
2002 Apr 10
Antioxidative activity and safety of the 50 ethanolic extract from red bean fermented by Bacillus subtilis IMR-NK1.
2002 Apr 10
Antioxidant functions of selected allium thiosulfinates and S-alk(en)yl-L-cysteine sulfoxides.
2002 Apr 24
On-line HPLC-DPPH screening method for evaluation of radical scavenging phenols extracted from apples (Malus domestica L.).
2002 Apr 24
Effects of 12 Ca2+ antagonists on multidrug resistance, MDR1-mediated transport and MDR1 mRNA expression.
2002 Aug
Antagonistic effects of 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 on L-type Ca2+ channels and Na+/Ca2+ exchange in enterocytes from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua).
2002 Feb
Antioxidant capacities of ten edible North American plants.
2002 Feb
Interaction of digoxin with antihypertensive drugs via MDR1.
2002 Feb 15
Antioxidant effects of 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose, a new natural sugar, in vitro.
2002 Jan
Role of Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger after traumatic or hypoxic/ischemic injury to spinal cord white matter.
2002 Jan-Feb
Antioxidants from the bark of Burkea africana, an African medicinal plant.
2002 Mar
Free radical scavenging properties of wheat extracts.
2002 Mar 13
Free radical scavenging activity of red ginseng aqueous extracts.
2002 Mar 20
Free radical studies of ellagic acid, a natural phenolic antioxidant.
2002 Mar 27
Antioxidant properties of ferulic acid and its related compounds.
2002 Mar 27
Identification of radical scavengers in sweet grass (Hierochloe odorata).
2002 May 8
Assessment of pro-oxidant activity of foods by kinetic analysis of crocin bleaching.
2002 May 8
Na+/Ca2+ exchanger in Na+ efflux-Ca2+ influx mode of operation exerts a neuroprotective role in cellular models of in vitro anoxia and in vivo cerebral ischemia.
2002 Nov
Beta-blocker decreases the increase in QT dispersion and transmural dispersion of repolarization induced by bepridil.
2002 Nov
Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger in porcine oocytes.
2002 Oct
[Successful hybrid therapy combined with oral bepridil and ICD in a patient with amiodarone refractory life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmia associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy].
2002 Sep 1
Transepithelial transport of bepridil in the human intestinal cell line, Caco-2, using a "dynamic model".
2003 Apr-Jun
Usefulness and safety of bepridil in converting persistent atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm.
2003 Aug 15
A case of bepridil induced interstitial pneumonitis.
2003 Dec
Slick (Slo2.1), a rapidly-gating sodium-activated potassium channel inhibited by ATP.
2003 Dec 17
Blockers of sodium and calcium entry protect axons from nitric oxide-mediated degeneration.
2003 Feb
Bepridil prevents paroxysmal atrial fibrillation by a class III antiarrhythmic drug effect.
2003 Jan
Evaluation of the effect of bepridil on paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: relationship between efficacy and the f-f interval in surface ECG recordings.
2003 Jan
Detection of proarrhythmia in the female rabbit heart: blinded validation.
2003 Mar
Effects of imatinib mesylate (STI571, Glivec) on the pharmacokinetics of simvastatin, a cytochrome p450 3A4 substrate, in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia.
2003 Nov 17
A case of sick sinus syndrome that developed torsades de pointes, pacing failure and sensing failure during administration of bepridil.
2003 Sep
Bioequivalence study of two formulations of simvastatin tablets in healthy Thai volunteers.
2004
Bepridil block of recombinant human cardiac IKs current shows a time-dependent unblock.
2004 Feb
Differential effect of HERG blocking agents on cardiac electrical alternans in the guinea pig.
2004 Feb 20
Atrial fibrillatory frequency, atrial fibrillatory rate, or atrial cycle length--does it matter?
2004 Jul 1
Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel T-Type calcium channel antagonists.
2004 Jul 16
Evidence for a protective role played by the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger in cerebral ischemia induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in male rats.
2004 Mar
Patents

Sample Use Guides

In Vivo Use Guide
Initial dose: 200 mg once a day. Maintenance dose: 300-400 mg once a day.
Route of Administration: Oral
In APP-overexpressing HEK293 cells lower Ab38, Ab40 and Ab42 generation was detected after Bepridil treatment (30 uM) for 16 h.
Name Type Language
BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE
MART.   ORANGE BOOK   USAN   VANDF  
USAN  
Official Name English
1-PYRROLIDENEETHANAMINE, .BETA.-((2-METHYLPROPOXY)METHYL)-N-PHENYL-N-(PHENYLMETHYL)-, MONOHYDROCHLORIDE, MONOHYDRATE
Common Name English
BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE [ORANGE BOOK]
Common Name English
CERM 1978
Code English
BEPADIN
Brand Name English
NSC-758390
Code English
UNICORDIUM
Brand Name English
1-(2-(N-BENZYLANILINO)-1-(ISOBUTOXYMETHYL)ETHYL)-PYRROLIDINE MONOHYDROCHLORIDE MONOHYDRATE
Systematic Name English
BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE [MART.]
Common Name English
BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE MONOHYDRATE
MI   WHO-DD  
Common Name English
BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE [VANDF]
Common Name English
CORDIUM
Brand Name English
BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE MONOHYDRATE [WHO-DD]
Common Name English
BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE HYDRATE
JAN  
Common Name English
BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE HYDRATE [JAN]
Common Name English
BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE MONOHYDRATE [MI]
Common Name English
CERM-1978
Code English
VASCOR
Brand Name English
BEPRIDIL HYDROCHLORIDE [USAN]
Common Name English
Classification Tree Code System Code
NCI_THESAURUS C333
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
Code System Code Type Description
EVMPD
SUB13042MIG
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
FDA UNII
4W2P15D93M
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
PUBCHEM
91725
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
RXCUI
235752
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY RxNorm
NCI_THESAURUS
C47412
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1008
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EPA CompTox
74764-40-2
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
EVMPD
SUB26026
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
DRUG BANK
DBSALT001436
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
CAS
74764-40-2
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY
MERCK INDEX
M2422
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY Merck Index
WIKIPEDIA
Bepridil hydrochloride
Created by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021 , Edited by admin on Fri Jun 25 21:52:10 UTC 2021
PRIMARY